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The chart below shows how the International Phonetic Alphabet (IPA) represents Kurdish pronunciations in Wikipedia articles. This page includes the five main Kurdish dialects; Northern Kurdish, Central Kurdish, Southern Kurdish, Zazakî and Gorani.


IPA Orthography
Northern Kurdish[1] Central Kurdish[2] Southern Kurdish[3] Zazakî[4] Gorani[5]
b b b b b b
d͡ʒ c j c c c
t͡ʃ ç ch ç ç ch
d d d d d d
f f f f f f
g g g g g g
ɣ ǧ / gh gh ǧ / g gh
h h h h h h
ħ ḧ / h ḥ / h 'h ḥ / h
ʒ j zh j j j
k k k k k k
l l l l l l
ɫ ł / l / ll ł / l / ll ł / ll l / 'l ł / l / ll
m m m m m m
n n n n n n
ŋ[6] ň / ng ň / ng ng ng ng
p p p p p p
q q q q q q
ɾ r r r r r
r r ř / rr ř / rr r r
s s s s s s
ʃ ş sh ş ş sh
t t t t t t
v v v v v v
w w w w w w
x x kh x x x
j y y y y y
z z z z z z
θ[7] th
ʕ no grapheme no grapheme no grapheme no grapheme no grapheme
IPA Orthography
NK[1] CK[2] SK[3] ZK[4][7] GN[5]
ɑː a â a a
a a
ê e ê ê ê
ɛ e e e e
æ a
ə aw,
a followed by y in the same syllable
i î î î î î
ɯ i
ɪ i i i i
o o o o o
u u u u u u
û û û û û
ʊ u u
ʉː ü
ü ü


  1. ^ a b Celadet Bedir Khan & Roger Lescot (1970). Grammaire Kurde (Dialecte kurmandji). Paris: La librairie d'Amérique et d'Orient Adrien Maisonneuve. p. 3-7. 
  2. ^ a b W. M. Thackston. "—Sorani Kurdish— A Reference Grammar with Selected Readings" (PDF). Retrieved 29 October 2017. 
  3. ^ a b Hussein Ali Fattah. "Ordlista på sydkurdiska Wişename we Kurdî xwarîn" (PDF). p. V. Retrieved 29 October 2017. 
  4. ^ a b Terry Lynn Todd. "A grammar of Dimili - Also known as Zaza" (PDF). p. 159-160. Retrieved 29 October 2017. 
  5. ^ a b "GURĀNI". Encyclopædia Iranica. Retrieved 30 October 2017. 
  6. ^ Hiwa Asadpour & Maryam Mohammadi. "A Comparative Study of Phonological System of Kurdish Varieties" (PDF). Journal of Language and Cultural Education. pp. 108–109 & 113. ISSN 1339-4584. Retrieved 29 October 2017. 
  7. ^ a b Asmêno Bêwayir (2003). "(Kuzey Zazacası, Pülümür ağzı)" (PDF). Retrieved 30 October 2017. 

See also


External links

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