Help:IPA/Egyptian Arabic

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The charts below show how the International Phonetic Alphabet (IPA) represents Egyptian Arabic language pronunciations in Wikipedia articles.

See Egyptian Arabic phonology for a more thorough look at the sounds of Egyptian Arabic.

The romanization of the examples is the commonly used form in Egypt.

Consonants
IPA Arabic letter Example Romanization English approximation
ʔ ء, أ, إ, ؤ, ئ مؤمن Mo'men uh-(ʔ)oh
ʕ ع عين ein no equivalent
b ب bike
d د done
ض ضمير damir emphatic /d/
f ف fast
ɡ ج جمال Gamal gas
h هـ هشام Hesham hat
ħ ح حب hob no equivalent
j ي yes
k ك skin
l ل lip (Irish English)
m م mother
n ن nest
q[1] ق القاهرة el Kahera no equivalent
ɾ ر run
s س ث ثامر Thamer sorry
ص صباح Sabah emphatic /s/
ʃ ش شوربة shorba ship
t ت star
ط طارق Tarek emphatic /t/
w و وش wesh water
x خ خريف kharif loch (Scottish English)
ɣ غ غسيل ghasil French r, French: parler
z ز ذ zebra
ظ بالظبط bezzabt emphatic /z/
Non-native Consonants[2]
p پ ب پيتر Peter put
v ڤ ف نيڤين Nevin view
ʒ چ ج چورچ George vision
Vowels
IPA Example Romanization English approximation
Monophthongs
æ man
ɑ palm
ɪ~e[3] sit or set[3]
i
ʊ~o[4] put or not (Scottish English)[4]
u
æː mare
ɑː بابا baba father
ليل leil bay (Scottish English)
need
yawn (Australian English)
food
Diphthongs (vowel+glide)
æj, ɑj أيمن Ayman tie
æw, ɑw دولة dawla how
 
Suprasegmentals
IPA examples Explanation
ˈ جميل /ɡæˈmiːl/ ("beautiful") Indicates that the following syllable is stressed.
ː ليل /leːl/ ("night") Indicates that the preceding vowel is long.

Notes

  1. ^ The classicized allophone [q] only occurs in Classical Arabic borrowings and proper nouns.
  2. ^ The phonemes /p/, /v/ and /ʒ/ are only found in loanwords and they can be pronounced as /b/, /f/ and /ʃ/ respectively depending on the speaker.
  3. ^ a b [ɪ]~[e] and [i] are allophones of the phoneme /i/. Word initial and medial /i/ in stressed syllables typically varies across [ɪ] ~ [e], but it is strictly [i] at the end of words, in unstressed syllables.
  4. ^ a b [ʊ]~[o] and [u] are allophones of the phoneme /u/. Word initial and medial /u/ in stressed syllables typically varies across [ʊ] ~ [o], but it is strictly [u] in final positions.
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