Help:IPA/Czech

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The charts below show the way in which the International Phonetic Alphabet (IPA) represents Czech language pronunciations in Wikipedia articles.

English approximations are, in some cases, very loose, especially for vowels. They are intended to give only a general idea of the pronunciation. See Czech phonology for a more thorough look at the sounds.

Consonants
IPA Examples Nearest English equivalent
b byl bill
c lať, těšit, teď stew (UK)
d délka delta
dz[1] podzim, noc byla[2] heads
[1] bán jab
f foukat, záchvěv focus
ɡ kdo, gag gag
ɦ hořet ahead
j jenom yellow, boy
ɟ ďas, děda dew (UK)
k kolo, ping-pong scald
l lak lack
Vltava little
m mouka mocha
sedm rhythm
n nyní ninny
ɲ laň, koně canyon
ŋ Hanka sing
p pyl, nabob spill
r robot robot (trilled)
vrba lover (US, trilled)
řeka simultaneous [r] and [ʒ]
r̝̊ chřest simultaneous [] and [ʃ]
s stůl stole
ʃ šelest shell
t ten, led stand
ts[1] cena bats
[1] čas chase
v vítr vittle
x chomout, práh loch
z zima zoo
ʒ žár fusion
Vowels
IPA Examples Nearest English equivalent
a matka hatter (UK)
máma father
ɛ let let
ɛː létat square (UK)
ɪ klid, byl kid
klít, být cleat
o pod pot (UK)
móda thought (UK)
u kup fool (shorter), bull
úroda, kůlna fool
Diphthongs
IPA Examples Nearest English equivalent
au auto out
ɛu euro say oo
ou louka local (US)
IPA Stress
ˈ Stress falls on the first syllable of a word.

Notes

  1. ^ a b c d The affricates [ts dz tʃ dʒ] are more correctly written with ligature ties: [t͡s d͡z t͡ʃ d͡ʒ]. Ties are not used in transcriptions on Wikipedia (except in phonology articles) because they do not display correctly in all browsers.
  2. ^ [d͡z] occurs only in loanwords and as an allophone of /t͡s/ before voiced consonants. The word podzim is usually pronounced with [d͡z], but a careful speaker would pronounce the two letters separately.

Bibliography

  • Dankovičová, Jana (1999), "Czech", Handbook of the International Phonetic Association: A guide to the use of the International Phonetic Alphabet, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, pp. 70–74, ISBN 0-521-65236-7 
  • Šimáčková, Šárka; Podlipský, Václav Jonáš; Chládková, Kateřina (2012), "Czech spoken in Bohemia and Moravia" (PDF), Journal of the International Phonetic Association, 42 (2): 225–232, doi:10.1017/S0025100312000102 
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