Help:IPA/Corsican

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The charts below show how the International Phonetic Alphabet (IPA) represents Corsican pronunciations in Wikipedia articles.

See Corsican phonology for a more thorough look at the sounds of Corsican.

Consonants
IPA Examples English approximation
b babbu; porta; vai bike
c chjosu; machja RP Tuesday
d dormi; tettu done
dz zitellu; pranzu dads
gioia; piace jab
ɖ eddu; coraddu; stadda dine (Indian English)
ð[1] donna; strada this
f fora; goffu fast
ɡ[2] gattu; buttega; ringhera; focu gas
ɟ[3] ghjornu; oghje RP due
k corsu; bocca; chi; quale; kiwi scar
l[4] latru; ellu lip
ʎ famiglia; agliu roughly like million
m mele; mamaa; campu [5] mother
n neve; cennu nest
ŋ cinque; ringhera[5] sing
ɲ bisognu; castagnu roughly like canyon
p pesciu; porgu; caspa spin
r rasoghju; ferru; persi Trilled r, Spanish: perro
s[6] seccu; strada; quessu sorry
ʃ sceffu; pesciu ship
t tuttu; attentu star
ts zappatu; lazza cats
cecu; ci chip
v servici; aviò: frittu; watt vent
z casa zipper
ʒ sgiò; brusgera measure
Semivowels
j più; meiu, gabbia; Aiacciu; yacht you
w quale; guerra; neve; basta; week-end wine
Vowels
IPA Examples English approximation
a[7] arma; serà roughly like father
e[8] elettu; meiu roughly like pay
ɛ[8] èpica; terra bed
i i; mì see
o ora; giòvani roughly like law (British English)
ɔ aviò not
u u; più too
 
Suprasegmentals
IPA Examples English approximation
ˈ làmpana [ˈlampana] bottle
ˌ prupiamente [ˌprupjaˈmente] intonation
. via [ˈwi.a] moai

Notes

  1. ^ In some dialects, omitted or pronounced [r].
  2. ^ Sometimes omitted between vowels.
  3. ^ Sometimes pronounced [j].
  4. ^ In some dialects, pronounced [r].
  5. ^ a b Nasal consonants always assimilate their place of articulation to that of the following consonant. Thus, the n in /nɡ/, /nk/ is velar [ŋ], but before /v/ or /f/, it is labiodental [ɱ] (transcribed here as [m]). It is [m] is only before /p/ or /b/.
  6. ^ In some dialects, pronounced [ʃ] before [t].
  7. ^ In some dialects, pronounced [æ].
  8. ^ a b In some dialect, pronounced [æ] or [a].
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