Help:IPA/Bengali

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Charts below show the way in which the International Phonetic Alphabet (IPA) represents Bengali pronunciations in Wikipedia articles. See Bengali phonology for a more thorough look at the sounds of Bengali.

English approximations can be very loose and intended to give only a general idea of the pronunciation.

Consonants
IPA Bengali Examples Approximate English equivalent
b বালি abash
bʱ ভীরু abhor
দা the
ʱ ধারা without
ɖ ডুমুর guard
ɖʱ ঢো guardhouse
জ~য বন hedge
ʱ ঝা hedgehog
f ফারাক Phantom
ɡ agate
ɡʱ বাঘা pigheaded
ɦ হ~ঃ হা head
k লম scan
kʰ শাখা can
l মালিনী leaf
m মানুষ much
n ন~ণ~ঞ নীলা বা not
ŋ ঙ~ং বাঙালি bank
p পাকা span
pʰ naphtha
(in this case, ph is not pronounced as [f])
r বিরা trilled r
ɽ ড়~ঢ় ড়ো দৃঢ় US: larder
s সেলাম sue
ʃ শ~ষ~স শা ষাময় shoe
ত~ৎ মাল উ think
ʰ থাবা thought
ʈ art
ʈʰ কাঠুরে artist
মুচি catch
ʰ ছাগল choose
z জ় নমাজ় zip
Vowels
IPA Bengali Examples Approximate English equivalent
a আ―পা ঙিনা father
ɛ অ্যা―প্যা ~ এ―পে ত্যাখেলা bet
e এ―পে মেদিনী bed
i ই―পি ~ ঈ―পী দিদী very
o ও―পো ~ অ―প জন ঙ্কুর sole
ɔ অ―প মর sort
u উ―পু ~ ঊ―পূ কুকূ look
 ̃ ইঁদুর nasal vowel
([ã], [õ], etc.)
◌̯ ই~উ~ও~য় ঝা খায় semivowel
([i̯], [u̯], [o̯] and [e̯])
Suprasegmentals
IPA
ˈ stress
(placed before stressed syllable)
ː doubled consonant

Bibliography

  • Khan, Sameer ud Dowla (2010), "Bengali (Bangladeshi Standard)" (PDF), Journal of the International Phonetic Association, 40 (2): 221–225, doi:10.1017/S0025100310000071 
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