Help:IPA/Bengali

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Charts below show the way in which the International Phonetic Alphabet (IPA) represents Bengali pronunciations in Wikipedia articles. See Bengali phonology for a more thorough look at the sounds of Bengali.

English approximations can be very loose and intended to give only a general idea of the pronunciation.

Key

Consonants
IPA Bengali Examples Approximate English equivalent
b বালি abash
bʱ ভীরু abhor
দা the
ʱ ধারা without
ɖ ডুমুর guard
ɖʱ ঢো guardhouse
জ, য বন hedge
ʱ ঝা hedgehog
f ফারাক Phantom
ɡ agate
ɡʱ বাঘা pigheaded
ɦ হ, ঃ হা head
k লম scan
kʰ শাখা can
l মালিনী leaf
m মানুষ much
n ন, ণ, ঞ নীলা বা not
ŋ ঙ, ং বাঙালি bank
p পাকা span
pʰ naphtha
(in this case, ph is not pronounced as [f])
r বিরা trilled r
ɽ ড়, ঢ় ড়ো দৃঢ় US: larder
s সেলাম sue
ʃ শ, ষ, স শা ষাময় shoe
ত, ৎ মাল উ think
ʰ থাবা thought
ʈ art
ʈʰ কাঠুরে artist
মুচি catch
ʰ ছাগল choose
z জ় জ়েব্রা zip
Vowels
IPA Bengali Examples Approximate English equivalent
a আ, পা ঙিনা father
ɛ অ্যা, প্যা, এ, পে ত্যাখেলা bet
e এ, পে মেদিনী bed
i ই, পি, ঈ, পী দিদী very
o ও, পো, অ, প জন ঙ্কুর sole
ɔ অ, প মর sort
u উ, পু, ঊ, পূ কুকূ look
 ̃ ইঁদুর nasal vowel
([ã], [õ], etc.)
◌̯ ই, উ, ও, য় ঝা খায় semivowel
([i̯], [u̯], [o̯] and [e̯])
Suprasegmentals
IPA
ˈ stress
(placed before stressed syllable)
ː doubled consonant

Bibliography

  • Khan, Sameer ud Dowla (2010), "Bengali (Bangladeshi Standard)" (PDF), Journal of the International Phonetic Association, 40 (2): 221–225, doi:10.1017/S0025100310000071 
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