Help:IPA/Belarusian

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

The charts below show the way in which the International Phonetic Alphabet (IPA) represents Belarusian language pronunciations in Wikipedia articles.

See Belarusian phonology for a more thorough look at the sounds of Belarusian.

Consonants
IPA Cyrillic IPA Cyrillic[1] English approximation
b б б boot; beautiful
d д do
d͡z дз d͡zʲ дз birds, adze
d͡ʐ дж jug
f ф ф fool; few
ɣ г ɣʲ г roughly like go but without completely
blocking the air flow
k к к scold, skew
l л[2] л loot; lute (for some dialects)
m м м moot; mute
n н н noon; canyon (for some dialects)
p п п span, spew
r р trilled r, like in Spanish
s с с soup; super (for some dialects)
ʂ ш shore
t т stool
t͡s ц t͡sʲ ц cats; quartz
t͡ʂ ч child
v в[2] в voodoo; view
x х х Bach; huge (for some dialects)
z з з zoo; resume (for some dialects)
ʐ ж rouge
Marginal consonants
IPA Cyrillic IPA Cyrillic English approximation
ɡ г, ґ ɡʲ г, ґ goo; argue
Vowels
IPA Cyrillic English equivalent
a а, я[3] father
ɛ э, е[3] met
i і[4] meat
ɨ ы[4] roses
ɔ о, ё[3] born
u у, ю choose
Semivowels
IPA Cyrillic English equivalent
j й[5] yes, boy
w ў[2] water


Other symbols
IPA Explanation
ˈ Stress (placed before the stressed syllable)
ː Gemination[6] (doubled consonant)

Notes

  1. ^ Belarusian has a contrast between palatalized ("soft") and unpalatalized ("hard") consonants. Palatalized consonants, denoted by a superscript j, ⟨ʲ⟩,are pronounced with the body of the tongue raised toward the hard palate, like the articulation of the y sound in yes. /j/ is also soft, but /d, t, d͡ʐ, t͡ʂ, r, ʂ, ʐ/ are always hard.
  2. ^ a b c /v/ and /l/ merge into /w/ў⟩ before consonants.
  3. ^ a b c Unstressed /ɛ/ and /ɔ/ are reduced to [a]. Unlike Russian, this is reflected in writing.
  4. ^ a b [i] and [ɨ] are in complementary distribution: [i] occurs at the beginning of words and after soft consonants; [ɨ] occurs after hard consonants.
  5. ^ The "soft" vowel letters ⟨я, е, і, ё, ю⟩ represent a /j/ and a vowel when they are initial or after other vowels.
  6. ^ Nine Belarusian consonants can be contrastively geminated: /d͡zʲː, lʲː, nʲː, sʲː, ʂː, t͡sʲː, t͡ʂː, zʲː, ʐː/.
Retrieved from "https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Help:IPA/Belarusian&oldid=838605400"
This content was retrieved from Wikipedia : http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Help:IPA/Belarusian
This page is based on the copyrighted Wikipedia article "Help:IPA/Belarusian"; it is used under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License (CC-BY-SA). You may redistribute it, verbatim or modified, providing that you comply with the terms of the CC-BY-SA