Help:IPA/Aramaic

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The charts below show the way in which the International Phonetic Alphabet (IPA) represents Aramaic pronunciations.

Consonants
IPA Hebrew script Syriac script Example (Hebrew script) Syriac script English approximation
b בּ ܒ݁ בגדאד ܒܓܕܐܕ bet
v[1] ב ܒ݂ voice
d דּ ܕ݁‎ יומדם ܝܘܡܕܡ dark
ð[1] ד ܕ݂‎ חד ܚܕ this
g גּ ܓ݁ גאמא ܓܐܡܐ go
ɣ[1] ג ܓ݂ גלילא ܓܠܝܠܐ No English equivalent; like gate but pronounced low in the throat, like regardez (French word) (Pronunciation: [1])
h ה ܗ הלליא ܗܠܠܘܝܐ hen
ħ ח ܚ no English equivalent; like hen but with the tongue against the pharynx
j י ܝ יומדם ܝܘܡܕܡ yes
k כּ ܟ݁ הכנא ܗܟܢܐ skin
x[1] כ ܟ݂ Scottish loch
l ל ܠ לא ܠܐ left
m מ ܡ man
n נ ܢ no
p[1] פּ ܦ݁‎ spin
f[1] פ ܦ݂ בגדכפת ܒܓܕܟܦܬ fool
r ר ܪ Somewhat like run
s ס ܣ see
צ ܨ Like see, but emphatic
ʃ ש ܫ she
t תּ‎ ܬ݁‎ sting
θ[1] ת ܬ݂‎ thing
ט ܚ Like sting, but emphatic
w ו ܘ we
z ז ܙ zoo
ʔ א ܐ uh-(ʔ)oh
ʕ ע ܥ No English equivalent
Marginal consonants
[2] צׄ‎ ܨ̃, ܨ݁ ring
ðˤ/[2] טׄ‎ ܚ̰, ܚ݁ ring
[3] ג׳ ܓ̰ joy
ŋ נג ܢܓ ring
[3] כ׳ ܟ̰ chair
ʒ ז׳ ܫ̃, ̰ܫ, ܙ̃, ܙ̰ beige
Vowels[4]
IPA Western Eastern English approximation
Monophthongs
a ܱܰ trap
ɑ ܳ father
e ܶ bed
ɛ ܶ they
i ܺ see
o ܳ own
u ܽ boot
Diphthongs
aj ܱܰܝ why
aw ܱܰܘ cow

Notes

  1. ^ a b c d e f g When a letter is after a vowel, it is called "soft", the soft letters can be b (v), g (g), d (ð), k (x), p (f), t (θ), that is called Begadkefath (Bəgaðkefaθ).
  2. ^ a b Only used in Arabic loanwords and names.
  3. ^ a b The affricates [dʒ, tʃ]) are correctly written with ligature ties: [d͡ʒ, t͡ʃ]. The ties are omitted in transcriptions on Wikipedia (except in phonology articles), as they do not display correctly in all browsers.
  4. ^ These are the vowels in Classical Syriac, they may vary according to the dialect.
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