Heavyweight

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Heavyweight is a weight class in combat sports.

Boxing

Boxers who weigh 200 pounds and over (14 st 3 lb, 90 kg) are considered heavyweights by the major professional boxing organizations: the International Boxing Federation,[1] the World Boxing Association,[2] the World Boxing Council,[3] and the World Boxing Organization.[4]

For most boxing organizations, the maximum weight for a cruiserweight is 200 pounds. Thus, a fighter whose weight is over 200 lb (14 st 3 lb, 90 kg) may not fight as anything but a heavyweight.

Joe Louis holds the record for most consecutive title defenses at this division, with 25 defenses of the Universal title. This is also the record for most consecutive title defenses in boxing history.

Historical development

Because this division had no weight limit, it has been historically vaguely defined. In the 19th century, for example, many heavyweight champions weighed 170 pounds (12 st 2 lb, 77 kg) or less (although others weighed 200 pounds).

The first heavyweight champion under the Marquess of Queensberry rules was John L. Sullivan, known as "The Boston Strong Boy". He weighed around 200 pounds when in shape and was a bare-knuckle champion. He was defeated by Jim Corbett on September 7, 1892, in 21 rounds.

In 1920, the minimum weight for a heavyweight was set at 175 pounds (12 st 7 lb, 79 kg), which today is the light heavyweight division maximum. Since 1980, for most boxing organizations, the maximum weight for a cruiserweight has been 200 pounds.

Since the 1960s, the heavyweight title has become fractured amongst various sanctioning organizations, and so what was once known as the single "Heavyweight Champion", is now referred to as the "Undisputed Champion" as the one fighter that has defeated all the other titlists.

Professional champions

Current champions

Sanctioning Body Reign Began Champion Record Defenses
WBA (Super) April 29, 2017 United Kingdom Anthony Joshua 21–0 (20 KO) 2
WBC January 17, 2015 United States Deontay Wilder 40–0 (39 KO) 7
IBF April 9, 2016 United Kingdom Anthony Joshua 21–0 (20 KO) 5
WBO March 31, 2018 United Kingdom Anthony Joshua 21–0 (20 KO) 0

Longest combined heavyweight championship reigns

As of March 5, 2018. This list includes only major titles, and it does not include lineal championships after 1921.

Keys:

     Active title reign
     Reign has ended
The WBO heavyweight title bouts before June, 1999 are not included[5]
Name Combined reign Days as champion Number of reigns Title recognition Cumulative title wins Opponents beaten
1. Ukraine Wladimir Klitschko 12 years, 0 months, 0 days 4 382 2 IBF, WBA, WBO 25 23
2. United States Joe Louis 11 years, 8 months, 8 days 4 270 1 NYSAC, NBA 26 21
3. United States Muhammad Ali 9 years, 5 months, 5 days 3 443 3 NYSAC, WBC, WBA 22 21
4. United Kingdom Lennox Lewis 8 years, 5 months, 13 days 3 086 3 WBC, IBF, WBA 15 15
5. Ukraine Vitali Klitschko 7 years, 5 months, 28 days 2 735 3 WBO, WBC 15 15
6. United States Larry Holmes 7 years, 3 months, 12 days 2 661 1 WBC, IBF 20 20
7. United States Jack Dempsey 7 years, 2 months, 19 days 2 638 1 NYSAC, NBA 6 6
8. United States John L. Sullivan 7 years, 0 months, 10 days 2 566 1 Universal 5 5
9. United States Jack Johnson 6 years, 3 months, 11 days 2 292 1 Universal 7 7
10. United States Evander Holyfield 6 years, 1 month, 1 day 2 223 4 WBA, WBC, IBF 11 10
11. United States James J. Jeffries 5 years, 11 months, 4 days 2 156 1 Universal 8 6
12. United States Joe Frazier 4 years, 10 months, 18 days 1 785 1 NYSAC, WBA, WBC 10 10
13. United States Floyd Patterson 4 years, 10 months, 0 days 1 765 2 NYSAC, NBA 8 7
14. United States James J. Corbett 4 years, 6 months, 10 days 1 652 1 Universal 2 2
15. United States Jess Willard 4 years, 2 months, 29 days 1 551 1 Universal 2 2
16. United States Chris Byrd 3 years, 10 months, 22 days 1 421 2 IBF, WBO 5 5
17. United States Mike Tyson 3 years, 10 months, 16 days 1 415 2 WBA, WBC, IBF 12 11
18. United States John Ruiz 3 years, 9 months, 21 days 1 390 2 WBA 4 4
19. United States Rocky Marciano 3 years, 7 months, 5 days 1 312 1 NYSAC, NBA 7 5
20. United States Deontay Wilder 3 years, 2 months, 10 days 1 137 1 WBC 8 7

Most opponents beaten in heavyweight title bouts

Name Opponents beaten
1. Ukraine Wladimir Klitschko 23
2. United States Joe Louis 21
2. United States Muhammad Ali 21
4. United States Larry Holmes 20
5. United Kingdom Lennox Lewis 15
5. Ukraine Vitali Klitschko 15
7. United States Mike Tyson 11
8. Canada Tommy Burns 10
8. United States Evander Holyfield 10
8. United States Joe Frazier 10
11. United States Jack Johnson 7
11. United States Floyd Patterson 7
11. United States Deontay Wilder 7
14. United Kingdom Anthony Joshua 6
14. United States Jack Dempsey 6
14. United States James J. Jeffries 6

Most wins in heavyweight title bouts

Name Title bout wins
1. United States Joe Louis 26
2. Ukraine Wladimir Klitschko 25
3. United States Muhammad Ali 22
4. United States Larry Holmes 20
5. United Kingdom Lennox Lewis 15
5. Ukraine Vitali Klitschko 15
7. United States Mike Tyson 12
8. Canada Tommy Burns 11
8. United States Evander Holyfield 11
10. United States Joe Frazier 10
11. United States Floyd Patterson 8
11. United States Deontay Wilder 8
11. United States James J. Jeffries 8
14. United States Jack Johnson 7
14. United States Jack Dempsey 7
14. United States Rocky Marciano 7

Longest individual heavyweight championship reigns

Below is a list of longest reigning heavyweight champions in boxing measured by the individual's longest reign. The list includes both The Ring and lineal championships.

Keys:

     Active Title Reign
     Reign has ended
The WBO heavyweight title bouts before June, 1999 are not included[5]
Name Title Reign Title Recognition Successful Defenses Opponents beaten
1. United States Joe Louis 11 years, 8 months, 8 days Universal 25 20
2. Ukraine Wladimir Klitschko 9 years, 7 months and 6 days IBF (+WBA, WBO, The Ring) 18 17
3. United States Larry Holmes 7 years, 3 months, 12 days WBC-to-IBF (+The Ring/Lineal) 19 19
4. United States Jack Dempsey 7 years, 2 months, 19 days Universal 5 5
5. United States John L. Sullivan 7 years, 0 months, 9 days Universal 5 5
6. United States Jack Johnson 6 years, 3 months, 10 days Universal 8 8
7. United States Muhammad Ali 5 years, 11 months, 9 days The Ring/Lineal, (+WBA, WBC stripped) 9 9
8. United States James J. Jeffries 5 years, 11 months, 4 days Universal 7 6
9. Ukraine Vitali Klitschko 5 years, 2 months, 4 days WBC 9 9
10. United States Joe Frazier 4 years, 10 months, 18 days NYSAC (+WBA, WBC) 9 9
11. United States James J. Corbett 4 years, 6 months, 10 days Universal 1 1
12. United States Jess Willard 4 years, 2 months, 29 days Universal 1 1
13. United Kingdom Lennox Lewis 4 years, 2 months, 15 days WBC (+IBF, WBA stripped, The Ring/Lineal) 9 8
14. United States Rocky Marciano 3 years, 11 months, 29 days Universal 6 5
15. United States Deontay Wilder 3 years and 5 months WBC 7 7
16. United States Chris Byrd 3 years, 4 months, 8 days IBF 4 4
17. United States Mike Tyson 3 years, 2 months, 20 days WBC (+WBA, IBF, The Ring/Lineal) 9 9
18. United States George Foreman 3 years, 0 months, 17 days Lineal (+WBA, IBF stripped) 2 2
19. United States Evander Holyfield 3 years, 0 months, 4 days WBA (+IBF) 4 4
20. Canada Tommy Burns 2 years, 10 months, 3 days Universal 11 9

Most opponents beaten consecutively in heavyweight title defenses

Name Opponents beaten
1. United States Joe Louis 20
2. United States Larry Holmes 19
3. Ukraine Wladimir Klitschko 17
4. United States Muhammad Ali 10
5. United States Mike Tyson 9
5. Ukraine Vitali Klitschko 9
5. Canada Tommy Burns 9
5. United States Joe Frazier 9
9. United States Jack Johnson 8
9. United Kingdom Lennox Lewis 8
9. United States Ezzard Charles 8
12. United States Deontay Wilder 7
13. United States James J. Jeffries 6
14. United Kingdom Anthony Joshua 5
14. United States Rocky Marciano 5
14. United States Jack Dempsey 5
14. United States John L. Sullivan 5

Most consecutive heavyweight title defenses

Name Title defenses
1. United States Joe Louis 25
2. United States Larry Holmes 19
3. Ukraine Wladimir Klitschko 18
4. Canada Tommy Burns 11
5. United States Muhammad Ali 10
6. United States Joe Frazier 9
6. United States Mike Tyson 9
6. United Kingdom Lennox Lewis 9
6. Ukraine Vitali Klitschko 9
10. United States Jack Johnson 8
10. United States Ezzard Charles 8
12. United States Deontay Wilder 7
12. United States James J. Jeffries 7
14. United States Rocky Marciano 6
15. United Kingdom Anthony Joshua 5
15. United States Jack Dempsey 5
15. United States John L. Sullivan 5

Kickboxing

  • In kickboxing, a heavyweight fighter generally weighs between 88 kg (196 lb) and 100 kg (220 lb). The Fighters over 100 kg (220 lb) are considered super heavyweights.
  • International Kickboxing Federation (IKF) Heavyweight (Pro & Amateur) 215.1 – 235 lb. or 97.8 – 106.8 kg.
  • In Glory promotion, a heavyweight division is over 95 kg (209 lb) and no upper weight limit.

Mixed martial arts

The heavyweight division in MMA generally groups fighters between 205 and 265 lb (93 and 120 kg).

Heavyweight is also the title of a documentary film that documented the fight camp of Fabricio Werdum when he became the UFC Heavyweight Champion. [6]

Professional wrestling

The term "world heavyweight" in modern wrestling generally refers to a champion wrestler who is seen as a prominent competitor, rather than an adherent to a particular weight class. The World Heavyweight Championship in wrestling is usually considered the main title in a given promotion. Prior to the wrestling industry publicly acknowledging the predetermined nature of the sport, a Heavyweight title was generally competed for by larger wrestlers while smaller wrestlers competed as (among other names and classifications) ""Junior Heavyweights" and "Light-Heavyweights".

Analogous uses

The word "heavyweight" is sometimes used in other fields (e.g. politics) to denote a person who is especially powerful or influential. In this context, "big beast" has a similar meaning. Other boxing analogies include "punching above his [their] weight" to denote a person or entity (e.g. a country) whose influence is arguably greater than his/its basic attributes would suggest.

References

  1. ^ "4. Weight Classes". IBO and also the sumo board of control. But Championship Rules & Regulations. International Boxing Organization. Retrieved 2007-08-11. Heavyweight Over 200 lbs. 
  2. ^ "11. Weight Category" (PDF). World Bpxing Association World Championships Regulations. World Boxing Association. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2007-08-09. Retrieved 2007-08-11. Heavy More than 200 Lbs. 
  3. ^ "Ratings Heavyweight (over 200-90.719)". World Boxing Council. Archived from the original on 2007-08-10. Retrieved 2007-08-11. 
  4. ^ "3. Weight Classes" (PDF). Regulations of World Championship Contests. World Boxing Organization. Archived from the original (pdf) on 2007-09-26. Retrieved 2007-08-11. Heavyweight Over 200lbs or 90.91 kg. 
  5. ^ a b James B. Roberts, Alexander G. Skutt: The Boxing Register: International Boxing Hall of Fame Official Record Book, p. 331—332. The record of Michael Carbajal indicates his opponent Jorge Arce as WBO "World Champion" on July 31, 1999, meanwhile his previous opponent Josue Camacho (fought on July 15, 1994) didn't receive the same recognition.
  6. ^ http://www.imdb.com/title/tt4380142/

External links

  • Barry Hugman's Boxing
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