Healthcare in Europe

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  (Redirected from Healthcare in the European Union)
58 countries with universal health care in 2009.[1]
Most European countries have universal health coverage.
  58 countries with legislation mandating UHC, and
>90% health insurance coverage, and
>90% skilled birth attendance.
European Health Insurance Card (French version pictured)

Healthcare in Europe is provided through a wide range of different systems run at the national level. The systems are primarily publicly funded through taxation (universal health care). Private funding may represent personal contributions towards meeting the non-taxpayer refunded portion of costs or may reflect totally private (non-subsidized) healthcare either paid out of pocket or met by some form of personal or employer funded insurance. Many European countries (and all European Union countries) offer their citizens a European Health Insurance Card which, on a reciprocal basis, provides insurance for emergency medical treatment insurance when visiting other participating European countries.

European Union

The European Union has no major administrative responsibility in the field of healthcare. The European Commission's Directorate-General for Health and Consumers however seeks to align national laws on the safety of food and other products, on consumers' rights and on the protection of people's health, to form new EU wide laws and thus strengthen its internal markets.

Healthcare rankings

Euro Health Consumer Index 2016[2]
Country Overall ranking Total score Patient rights and
information score
Accessibility
(waiting times for
treatment) score
Outcomes
score
Range and reach of
services score
Prevention score Pharmaceuticals score
 Netherlands 1 927 122 200 288 125 107 86
  Switzerland 2 904 111 225 288 94 101 86
 Norway 3 865 125 138 288 115 119 81
 Belgium 4 860 104 225 250 109 95 76
 Iceland 5 854 115 163 288 115 113 62
 Luxemburg 6 851 101 200 263 104 107 76
 Germany 7 849 104 188 288 83 101 86
 Finland 8 842 108 150 288 115 101 81
 Denmark 9 827 111 150 275 115 95 81
 Austria 10 826 108 200 238 99 101 81
 France 11 815 90 188 263 94 95 86
 Sweden 12 786 104 100 275 125 101 81
 Czech Republic 13 780 87 213 238 104 77 62
 Portugal 14 763 108 150 250 78 101 76
 United Kingdom 15 761 108 100 250 109 113 81
 Slovenia 16 740 104 125 263 89 83 76
 Estonia 17 729 108 163 238 94 65 62
 Spain 18 709 87 113 238 94 107 71
 Croatia 19 703 108 175 188 104 71 57
 Macedonia 20 699 118 225 138 68 89 62
 Ireland 21 689 80 100 250 78 95 86
 Italy 22 682 83 138 225 78 101 57
 Slovakia 23 678 97 163 175 89 83 71
 Serbia 24 670 111 188 163 57 89 62
 Malta 25 666 80 163 188 94 95 48
 Cyprus 26 623 73 125 213 68 83 62
 Lithuania 27 620 97 175 163 68 65 52
 Greece 28 593 63 125 213 52 83 57
 Latvia 29 589 87 113 188 73 77 52
 Hungary 30 575 73 125 163 73 89 52
 Poland 31 564 66 100 188 63 95 52
 Albania 32 551 73 163 175 42 65 33
 Bulgaria 33 526 66 150 150 47 65 48
 Montenegro 34 518 63 113 175 57 77 33
 Romania 35 497 80 150 125 52 48 43

See also

References

[3]

  1. ^ Stuckler, David; Feigl, Andrea B.; Basu, Sanjay; McKee, Martin (November 2010). "The political economy of universal health coverage. Background paper for the First Global Symposium on Health Systems Research, 16–19 November 2010, Montreaux, Switzerland" (PDF). Pacific Health Summit. Seattle: National Bureau of Asian Research. p. 16. Figure 2. Global Prevalence of Universal Health Care in 2009; 58 countries: Andorra, Antigua, Argentina, Armenia, Australia, Austria, Azerbaijan, Bahrain, Belarus, Belgium, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Botswana, Brunei Darussalam, Bulgaria, Canada, Chile, Costa Rica, Croatia, Cuba, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Israel, Italy, Japan, Kuwait, Luxembourg, Moldova, Mongolia, Netherlands, New Zealand, Norway, Oman, Panama, Portugal, Poland, Romania, Singapore, Slovakia, Slovenia, South Korea, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Taiwan, Thailand, Tunisia, UAE, Ukraine, United Kingdom, Venezuela. 
  2. ^ "Euro Health Consumer Index 2016" (PDF). Health Consumer Powerhouse. Retrieved 8 April 2017. 
  3. ^ http://www.who.int/whr/2010/en/index.html The world health report - Health systems financing: the path to universal coverage http://whqlibdoc.who.int/whr/2010/9789241564021_eng.pdf
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