Health in Equatorial Guinea

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The national health system of Equatorial Guinea consists of four levels: health posts in each village of 600 people, dispensaries in health centers with a qualified nurse at the intermediate level, district level hospitals, and two referral hospitals at the most centralized level. In 2004, there were an estimated 25 physicians, 40 nurses, 1 dentist, 1 pharmacist, and 2 midwives per 100,000 people.

Health status

Life expectancy

The 2018 CIA estimated average life expectancy in Equatorial Guinea for males was 63.8 years and 66.2 years for females for a total population life expectancy of 65 years.[1]

Endemic diseases

Major health problems (1992 data) are preventable diseases, mainly malaria (increasingly chloroquine resistant), parasitic disease, upper respiratory infections, gastroenteritis, and complications of pregnancy. In the continental zone, sickle cell anaemia is common. Approximately 61 percent of the country’s children were immunized against measles between 1991 and 1994.


The HIV/AIDS prevalence was 6.50 per 100 adults in 2017. As of 2017, there were approximately 53,000 people living with HIV/AIDS in the country. There were an estimated 1,800 deaths from AIDS in 2018.[1]

Maternal and child healthcare

There has been a marked improvement in infant mortality over the past 15 years. In 2005, the infant mortality rate was estimated at 91.16 per 1,000 live births, though this decreased to an estimated 63.3 per 1,000 live births in 2018. The maternal mortality rate in 1990 was 820 women per 100,000 live births though had decreased to an estimated 342 deaths per 100,000 live births by 2015.[1]


  1. ^ a b c "CIA - The World Factbook: Equitorial Guinea". Retrieved 2019-09-18.

 This article incorporates public domain material from the Library of Congress Country Studies website

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