List of heads of state of Chad

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President of the
Republic of Chad
Coat of arms of Chad.svg
Idriss Déby at the White House in 2014.jpg
Incumbent
Idriss Déby

since 2 December 1990
Term length 5 years
Inaugural holder François Tombalbaye
Formation 23 April 1962
Coat of arms of Chad.svg
This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
Chad
Foreign relations

This is a list of heads of state of Chad since the country gained independence from France in 1960 to the present day.

A total of six people have served as head of state of Chad (not counting one Interim Head of State). Additionally, one person, Goukouni Oueddei, has served on two non-consecutive occasions.

The current head of state of Chad is the President of the Republic Idriss Déby, since 2 December 1990.

Titles

  • 1960–1962: Head of State
  • 1962–1975: President of the Republic
  • 1975: Chairman of the Supreme Military Council
  • 1975–1978: Head of State
  • 1978–1979: President of the Republic
  • 1979: Chairman of the Provisional Council of State
  • 1979: President of the Transitional Government of National Unity
  • 1979: Chairman of the Provisional Administrative Committee
  • 1979–1982: President of the Transitional Government of National Unity
  • 1982: Chairman of the Command Council of the Armed Forces of the North
  • 1982: Chairman of the Council of State
  • 1982–1990: President of the Republic
  • 1990: President of the Patriotic Salvation Movement
  • 1990–1991: President of the Council of State
  • 1991–present: President of the Republic

Key

Political parties
Other factions
Status
  •   Interim Head of State

List

Name
(Birth–Death)
Portrait Tenure Elected Political affiliation Prime Minister(s)
Took office Left office
1 François Tombalbaye
(1918–1975)[1]
François Tombalbaye p1959.jpg 11 August 1960 13 April 1975
(assassinated.)
1969 PPT / MNRCS Position not established
Noël Milarew Odingar
(1932–2007)
No image.png 13 April 1975 15 April 1975 Military Position not established
2 Félix Malloum
(1932–2009)
No image.png 15 April 1975 23 March 1979
(resigned.)
Military Habré
3 Goukouni Oueddei
(1944–)
No image.png 23 March 1979 29 April 1979 FROLINATFAP Position vacant
4 Lol Mahamat Choua
(1939–)
No image.png 29 April 1979 3 September 1979 MPLT Position vacant
(3) Goukouni Oueddei
(1944–)
No image.png 3 September 1979 7 June 1982
(deposed.)
FROLINATFAP Ngardoum
5 Hissène Habré
(1942–)
Hissene Habre.jpg 7 June 1982 2 December 1990
(deposed.)
1989
(referendum)
FAN / UNIR Ngardoum
6 Idriss Déby
(1952–)
Idriss Déby at the White House in 2014.jpg 2 December 1990 Incumbent 1996, 2001, 2006, 2011, 2016 MPS Bawoyeu
Yodoyman
Moungar
Koumakoye
Djimasta
Ouaido
Yamassoum
Kabadi
Faki
Yoadimnadji
Younousmi
Koumakoye
Abbas
Nadingar
Dadnadji
Deubet
Padacké

Latest election

Candidate Party Votes %
Idriss Déby Patriotic Salvation Movement 2,219,352 59.92
Saleh Kebzabo National Union for Democracy and Renewal 473,074 12.77
Laoukein Kourayo Médard Chadian Convention for Peace and Development 392,988 10.61
Djimrangar Dadnadji CAP-SUR 186,857 5.04
Delwa Kassiré Koumakoye 73,636 1.99
Malloum Yoboide Djeraki 67,019 1.81
Mahamat Ahmad Alhabo 58,533 1.58
Abdoulaye Mbodou Mbami 53,204 1.44
Clément Djimet Bagaou 48,471 1.31
Gali Gatta Ngothé 44,899 1.21
Brice Mbaimon Guedmbaye 36,647 0.99
Beassoumda Julien 24,125 0.65
Djividi Boukar 25,107 0.68
Invalid/blank votes 419,818
Total 4,123,730 100
Registered voters/turnout 6,252,548 65.95
Source: Constitutional Court

See also

Footnotes

  1. ^ Changed name to N’Garta Tombalbaye on 30 August 1973 due to the policy of Africanization

External links

  • Presidency of Chad
  • World Statesmen – Chad
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