He Luli

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
He Luli
何鲁丽
Chairperson of the Revolutionary Committee of the Chinese Kuomintang
In office
1996–2007
Preceded by Li Peiyao
Succeeded by Zhou Tienong
Personal details
Born (1934-06-07) 7 June 1934 (age 84)
Jinan, Shandong, China
Political party Revolutionary Committee of the Chinese Kuomintang
Spouse(s) Rong Guohuang (m. 1958; d. 1989)
Children 2 sons
Parents He Siyuan, He Yiwen
Alma mater Beijing Medical University
Profession Paediatrician
He Luli
Traditional Chinese 何魯麗
Simplified Chinese 何鲁丽

He Luli (Chinese: 何鲁丽; Wade–Giles: Ho Lu-li; born 7 June 1934)[1] is a Chinese retired paediatrician and politician. She entered politics after practicing medicine for 27 years, serving as Vice-Mayor of Beijing, Chairwoman of the Revolutionary Committee of the Chinese Kuomintang, Vice Chairperson of the Chinese People's Political Consultative Conference, and Vice Chairperson of the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress.

He Luli is the daughter of He Siyuan, the Kuomintang mayor of Beijing who negotiated the peaceful surrender of the city to the Communist Party of China near the end of the Chinese Civil War.

Early life

The He family in 1947: He Siyuan and wife He Yiwen, daughters He Luli (left) and He Lumei (right), and sons He Lilu and He Yili

He Luli was born in June 1934 in Jinan, Shandong, China.[2][3] Her father He Siyuan was the French-educated education minister of Shandong Province, and her mother was a Frenchwoman who adopted the Chinese name He Yiwen (何宜文). He Luli had two older brothers and a younger sister.[4]

After Japan invaded China in 1937, He Siyuan led a guerrilla operation in Shandong to fight the enemy. He sent his wife and four children to live in the British concession in Tianjin.[4][5] After the Pacific War broke out in December 1941, Japan occupied the British concession and Yiwen moved the family home to Tianjin's Italian concession. On 31 December, the Italian authorities arrested Yiwen and the children and handed them to the Japanese, who held them as hostages and demanded He Siyuan's surrender. He rejected the demand, condemned Japan and Italy's breach of international law through diplomatic channels, and held Italian missionaries in China as a bargaining chip. Japan eventually relented and released the family.[4][6]

After the end of World War II, He Siyuan served as Mayor of Beijing (then known as Beiping). During the ensuing Chinese Civil War, he negotiated with the Communists for the peaceful surrender of Beiping. To prevent the surrender, Chiang Kai-shek sent agents to assassinate him. In the early morning of 18 January 1949, two bombs exploded in the He residence, killing Luli's 12-year-old sister Lumei (何鲁美) and gravely injuring her mother. The rest of the family were also wounded.[7][8] The Juntong agent who planted the bombs, Colonel Duan Yunpeng, was captured in 1954 and executed in 1967.[9]

Career

After the establishment of the People's Republic of China, He Luli studied medicine at Beijing Medical University (now Peking University Health Science Center) from 1952 to 1957. Starting in 1957, she worked as a doctor for 27 years at Beijing Children's Hospital, Xicheng District Children's Hospital, and Beijing No. 2 Hospital.[3]

He Luli entered politics in 1984, when she was appointed Deputy Mayor of Xicheng District of Beijing. She joined the Revolutionary Committee of the Chinese Kuomintang (RCCK) in April 1986. She was promoted to Deputy Mayor of Beijing in 1988, and served in that position until 1996. She also concurrently served as President of the Beijing Red Cross Society. In 1993 she was elected Vice President of the All-China Women's Federation.[3]

In 1996 she was elected Chairwoman of the RCCK, replacing Li Peiyao, who had been murdered. She was reelected twice in 1997 and 2002, serving until 2007. She also became Vice Chairperson of the Chinese People's Political Consultative Conference (CPPCC) in March 1996.[2][3]

In March 1998, she was elected Vice Chairperson of the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress. She was reelected in March 2003, serving until 2008.[2][3]

In addition, she was a member of the Hong Kong SAR Preparatory Committee in 1997 and the Macao SAR Preparatory Committee in 1999.[2][3] In 1999 she became President of the Central Socialist Academy and Honorary Vice-President of the Red Cross Society of China.[2][3] In that year she also won a World Health Organization award for her contributions to the anti-smoking movement in China.[3]

Personal life

He Luli married Rong Guohuang (荣国煌), also a doctor, in 1958; they have two sons. Rong died in 1989.[1]

References

  1. ^ a b The International Who's Who 2004. Psychology Press. 2003. p. 707. ISBN 978-1-85743-217-6. 
  2. ^ a b c d e "He Luli". China Vitae. Retrieved 24 November 2017. 
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h "He Luli". China.com.cn (in Chinese). Retrieved 24 November 2017. 
  4. ^ a b c "何思源山东自组游击队坚持抗战". Yangzi Evening News. 16 November 2015. 
  5. ^ Lary, Diana (26 July 2010). The Chinese People at War: Human Suffering and Social Transformation, 1937–1945. Cambridge University Press. p. 31. ISBN 978-0-521-14410-0. 
  6. ^ Lu Nan (26 March 2010). ""以其人之道还治其人之身"—抗日战争时期何思源反制人质事件始末". Shiji Fengcai Magazine (in Chinese). 
  7. ^ Wang Bingmo (21 October 2008). "奋斗一生爱国一生—何思源纪事" (in Chinese). Revolutionary Committee of the Chinese Kuomintang. 
  8. ^ Lary, Diana (5 March 2015). China's Civil War. Cambridge University Press. p. 167. ISBN 978-1-107-05467-7. 
  9. ^ "军统"飞贼"段云鹏 曾伺机暗杀叶剑英、滕代远". Phoenix News (in Chinese). 21 February 2010. 
Retrieved from "https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=He_Luli&oldid=838832547"
This content was retrieved from Wikipedia : http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/He_Luli
This page is based on the copyrighted Wikipedia article "He Luli"; it is used under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License (CC-BY-SA). You may redistribute it, verbatim or modified, providing that you comply with the terms of the CC-BY-SA