Hay River Reserve

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Hay River Reserve
K'atlodeeche/Katl'odeeche First Nation
Hay River Dene 1
K'atlodeechee First Nation
Hay River Reserve is located in Northwest Territories
Hay River Reserve
Hay River Reserve
Coordinates: 60°50′01″N 115°45′57″W / 60.83361°N 115.76583°W / 60.83361; -115.76583Coordinates: 60°50′01″N 115°45′57″W / 60.83361°N 115.76583°W / 60.83361; -115.76583
Country Canada
Territory Northwest Territories
Region South Slave Region
Constituency Deh Cho
Census division Region 4
Government
 • Chief Roy Fabien
 • Senior Administrative Officer Scotty Edgerton
 • MLA Michael McLeod
Area[1]
 • Land 134.07 km2 (51.76 sq mi)
Elevation 165 m (541 ft)
Population (2011)[1]
 • Total 292
 • Density 2.2/km2 (6/sq mi)
Time zone Mountain (MST) (UTC-7)
 • Summer (DST) MDT (UTC-6)
Canadian Postal code X0E 1G4
Area code(s) 867
Telephone exchange 874
- Food price index 105.2A
Sources:
Department of Municipal and Community Affairs,[2]
Prince of Wales Northern Heritage Centre,[3]
Canada Flight Supplement[4]
^A 2009 figure based on Yellowknife = 100[5]

Hay River Reserve (also known as K'atlodeeche/Katl'odeeche[pronunciation?] First Nation or Hay River Dene 1[1]) is one of only two Indian reserves[6] in Canada's Northwest Territories. Located in the South Slave Region, it is a Slavey community with a population of 292 (of which the majority are First Nations) at the 2011 census.[1][7] The main languages on the reserve are South Slavey, Chipewyan, and English.[8] In 2012 the Government of the Northwest Territories reported that the population was 341.[5]

The reserve covers an area of 52 sq mi (130 km2) and claims a band membership of 600 people.[9] The reserve is governed by a Band Council, consisting of a Chief and four Counselors, who are elected every two years on "Treaty Day". Along with the Fort Providence Dene Band the reserve operates "Evergreen Forestry Management Ltd."[10] The reserve also runs the Ehdah Cho Store,[6] "Tu-Cho Gha Contracting",[11] and the "Nats’jee Keh Treatment Centre".

Primary and secondary education in the community is provided by Chief Sunrise Education Centre.[12]

History

Although the Dene had been using the area around the mouth of the Hay River for many years as a fishing site it was not settled until the 1890s when Chief Chiatlo led a group to the site. Later both the Anglican, with a mission school, and the Roman Catholic Church along with trading posts and the Royal Canadian Mounted Police arrived.[13] However, the NWT Government says that the first building in the area was the Hudson's Bay Company, followed by the Roman Catholic Mission, and then the Anglican Mission.[14]

The original site was located right at the mouth of the river just east of Vale Island at 60°51′32″N 115°43′33″W / 60.85889°N 115.72583°W / 60.85889; -115.72583[15] However, this site was subject to flooding and it was decided to move to a different area. The current site is located on the south shore of the Hay River, near the mouth of Great Slave Lake[16] In 1974 the then chief, Daniel Sonfrere, negotiated a settlement with the Government of Canada and the first reserve in the NWT was formed.[13]

Ste. Anne’s Roman Catholic Church (NHSC)

The site of the original mission buildings, including St. Peter’s Anglican Church, Ste. Anne’s Roman Catholic Church, the remains of a rectory, and associated cemeteries, was designated as a National Historic Site of Canada in 1992, due to its association with the meeting of Dene and European cultures.[17]

Climate

Climate data for Hay River/Merlyn Carter Airport
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high humidex 10.6 12.9 14.6 25.8 31.1 35.1 44.6 39.8 32.2 25.4 12.8 11.2 44.6
Record high °C (°F) 10.7
(51.3)
13.9
(57)
15.6
(60.1)
26.0
(78.8)
33.3
(91.9)
34.0
(93.2)
35.0
(95)
36.7
(98.1)
30.0
(86)
25.4
(77.7)
15.0
(59)
12.2
(54)
36.7
(98.1)
Average high °C (°F) −17.3
(0.9)
−14.2
(6.4)
−7.8
(18)
2.9
(37.2)
10.7
(51.3)
18.0
(64.4)
21.2
(70.2)
19.6
(67.3)
13.2
(55.8)
4.1
(39.4)
−7.7
(18.1)
−14.4
(6.1)
2.4
(36.3)
Daily mean °C (°F) −21.8
(−7.2)
−19.6
(−3.3)
−13.8
(7.2)
−2.7
(27.1)
5.4
(41.7)
12.5
(54.5)
16.1
(61)
14.6
(58.3)
8.7
(47.7)
0.5
(32.9)
−11.6
(11.1)
−18.8
(−1.8)
−2.5
(27.5)
Average low °C (°F) −26.2
(−15.2)
−24.9
(−12.8)
−19.8
(−3.6)
−8.1
(17.4)
0.0
(32)
7.0
(44.6)
10.9
(51.6)
9.5
(49.1)
4.1
(39.4)
−3.2
(26.2)
−15.4
(4.3)
−23.1
(−9.6)
−7.4
(18.7)
Record low °C (°F) −47.8
(−54)
−48.3
(−54.9)
−44.4
(−47.9)
−38.9
(−38)
−20.5
(−4.9)
−5.6
(21.9)
0.7
(33.3)
−1.1
(30)
−11.7
(10.9)
−24.3
(−11.7)
−40.8
(−41.4)
−47.2
(−53)
−48.3
(−54.9)
Record low wind chill −58.7 −60.4 −54.9 −47.7 −26.6 −7.4 0.0 0.0 −17.1 −34.3 −54.4 −55.8 −60.4
Average precipitation mm (inches) 16.4
(0.646)
14.3
(0.563)
14.4
(0.567)
12.6
(0.496)
23.3
(0.917)
31.9
(1.256)
43.0
(1.693)
58.7
(2.311)
44.6
(1.756)
35.7
(1.406)
24.8
(0.976)
16.8
(0.661)
336.4
(13.244)
Average rainfall mm (inches) 0.1
(0.004)
0.2
(0.008)
0.2
(0.008)
4.3
(0.169)
18.0
(0.709)
31.9
(1.256)
43.0
(1.693)
58.7
(2.311)
43.0
(1.693)
16.8
(0.661)
0.9
(0.035)
0.3
(0.012)
217.4
(8.559)
Average snowfall cm (inches) 19.2
(7.56)
16.9
(6.65)
16.4
(6.46)
8.7
(3.43)
5.2
(2.05)
0.1
(0.04)
0.0
(0)
0.0
(0)
1.5
(0.59)
19.9
(7.83)
30.4
(11.97)
20.7
(8.15)
138.9
(54.69)
Average precipitation days (≥ 0.2 mm) 11.3 9.7 8.5 5.0 8.0 8.8 9.9 11.3 12.2 12.6 14.2 11.4 122.8
Average rainy days (≥ 0.2 mm) 0.1 0.2 0.2 2.0 6.7 8.8 9.9 11.3 11.9 6.2 1.0 0.6 58.9
Average snowy days (≥ 0.2 cm) 12.0 10.1 8.7 3.7 1.8 0.1 0.0 0.0 0.8 8.1 14.5 12.4 72.2
Average relative humidity (%) 69.2 66.3 61.3 60.2 55.0 54.4 57.6 59.9 62.5 70.6 78.0 73.7 64.0
Source: Environment Canada Canadian Climate Normals 1981–2010[18]

See also

References

  1. ^ a b c d Hay River Dene 1, IRI Northwest Territories (Census subdivision)
  2. ^ "NWT Communities - Kátł'odeeche". Government of the Northwest Territories: Department of Municipal and Community Affairs. Retrieved 2017-10-29. 
  3. ^ "Northwest Territories Official Community Names and Pronunciation Guide". Prince of Wales Northern Heritage Centre. Yellowknife: Education, Culture and Employment, Government of the Northwest Territories. Archived from the original on 2016-01-13. Retrieved 2016-01-13. 
  4. ^ Canada Flight Supplement. Effective 0901Z 17 August 2017 to 0901Z 12 October 2017.
  5. ^ a b Hay River Reserve - Statistical Profile at the GNWT
  6. ^ a b Public Works and Government Services Canada
  7. ^ 2006 Aboriginal Population Profile
  8. ^ "Hay River Reserve at the GNWT". Legislative Assembly of the Northwest Territories. Archived from the original on 2013-10-17. 
  9. ^ Katlodeeche First Nation Reserve
  10. ^ Indian and Northern Affairs Canada
  11. ^ NWT Aboriginal Directory - South Slave Region
  12. ^ http://www.ssdec.nt.ca/schools/Chief_Sunrise.htm
  13. ^ a b History - Katl'odeeche (Hay River Dene Reserve)
  14. ^ NWT Bureau of Statistics
  15. ^ Map of Vale Island
  16. ^ Map of the area
  17. ^ Hay River Mission Sites. Canadian Register of Historic Places. Retrieved 22 October 2013.
  18. ^ "Hay River A" (CSV (3069 KB)). Canadian Climate Normals 1981–2010. Environment Canada. Climate ID: 2202400. Retrieved 2014-01-09. 
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