Haushabi

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Hawshabi Sultanate of Musaymir
سلطنة الحواشب
State of the Federation of South Arabia
18th century–1967
Location of Haushabi
Map of the Federation of South Arabia
Capital Musaymir
Government Sultanate
Historical era 20th century
 •  Established 18th century
 •  Disestablished 1967

Haushabi or Hawshabi (Arabic: الحوشبيal-Ḥawshabī or Arabic: الحواشبal-Ḥawāshab), or the Haushabi Sultanate (Arabic: سلطنة الحواشبSalṭanat al-Ḥawāshab), was a state in the British Aden Protectorate. Its capital was Musaymir. The area is now part of the Republic of Yemen.

History

Haushabi was established in the eighteenth century.[1] Its leader signed an agreement with the British already in 1839, but it was not until 1895 that a formal protection agreement with Great Britain was signed. Subsequently, it became part of the British Aden Protectorate. The state later joined the Federation of Arab Emirates of the South, and its successor, the Federation of South Arabia.

The last sultan, Faisal bin Surur Al Haushabi, was deposed and his state was abolished in 1967 upon the founding of the People's Republic of South Yemen.

Rulers

The rulers of Haushabi bore the title Sultan al-Saltana al-Hawshabiyya.[2]

Sultans

  • c.1730 al-Fajjar al-Hawshabi
  • c.1800 Sultan al-Hawshabi
  • 1839? - 1 Jun 1858 Mani` ibn Sallam al-Hawshabi
  • 1858 - 1863 `Ubayd ibn Yahya al-Hawshabi
  • 1863 - 4 May 1886 `Ali ibn Mani` (I)al-Hawshabi
  • 1886 - 1894 Muhsin ibn `Ali (I) al-Hawshabi (1st time)
  • 1894 - 1895 al-Fadl ibn `Ali (usurper)
  • 6 Mar 1895 - 28 Sep 1904 Muhsin ibn `Ali (I) al-Hawshabi (2nd time)
  • 1904 - Aug 1922 `Ali ibn Mani` (II) al-Hawshabi
  • 1922 - 19.. Muhsin ibn `Ali (II) al-Hawshabi
  • 19.. - 19.. as-Surur ibn Muhammad al-Hawshabi
  • 1947? - 1955 Muhammad ibn as-Surur al-Hawshabi (d. 1955)
  • 1955 - 29 Nov 1967 Faysal ibn as-Surur al-Hawshabi

See also

References

  1. ^ Paul Dresch. A History of Modern Yemen. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press, 2000
  2. ^ States of the Aden Protectorates

External links

  • Map of Arabia (1905-1923) including the states of Aden Protectorate

Coordinates: 13°26′N 44°36′E / 13.433°N 44.600°E / 13.433; 44.600


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