Hastings (New Zealand electorate)

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Hastings was a parliamentary electorate in the Hawke's Bay region of New Zealand from 1946 to 1996. The electorate was represented by nine Members of Parliament. The Hastings electorate was a typical bellwether electorate, frequently changing between the two main parties.

Population centres

The 1941 New Zealand census had been postponed due to World War II, so the 1946 electoral redistribution had to take ten years of population growth and movements into account. The North Island gained a further two electorates from the South Island due to faster population growth. The abolition of the country quota through the Electoral Amendment Act, 1945 reduced the number and increased the size of rural electorates. None of the existing electorates remained unchanged, 27 electorates were abolished, eight former electorates were re-established, and 19 electorates were created for the first time, including Hastings.[1] The towns of Hastings and Havelock North have always been located within the electorate until the 1987 electoral redistribution, whereas the nearby Fernhill was always included in the adjacent Hawke's Bay electorate.[2][3]

History

The first representative was Edward Luttrell Cullen of the Labour Party.[4] At the 1949 election, Cullen was defeated by Sydney Jones of the National Party.[5] After two electoral terms, Jones was in turn defeated by Labour's Edwin Keating, who served until his defeat in 1960.[6] Subsequent office holders were Duncan MacIntyre (1960-1972), Richard Mayson (1972-1975), Robert Fenton (1975-1978), David Butcher (1978-1990), Jeff Whittaker (1990-1993), and Rick Barker (1993-1996).[7]

Members of Parliament

The Hastings electorate was represented by nine Members of Parliament:[7]

Key

 Labour    National  

Election Winner
1946 election Edward Cullen
1949 election Sydney Jones
1951 election
1954 election Edwin Keating
1957 election
1960 election Duncan MacIntyre
1963 election
1966 election
1969 election
1972 election Richard Mayson
1975 election Robert Fenton
1978 election David Butcher
1981 election
1984 election
1987 election
1990 election Jeff Whittaker
1993 election Rick Barker
(Electorate abolished in 1996; see Tukituki)

Election results

1993 election

General election, 1993: Hastings[8]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Rick Barker 9,000 45.0
National Cynthia Bowers 6,429 32.1
Alliance Pat Weir 2,689 13.4
NZ First John Waitere 932 4.6
Christian Heritage Rex Jones 640 3.2
McGillicuddy Serious John Morrison 128 0.6
Independent Geoffrey Charters 104 0.5 -0.6
Natural Law Martin Ouseley 66 0.3
Majority 2,571 12.8
Turnout 19,988

1990 election

General election, 1990: Hastings[9]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
National Jeff Whittaker 9,132 45.9 +3.7
Labour David Butcher 8,404 42.2 -11.6
Green M D Ball 1,246 6.2
NewLabour G L Maher 688 3.4
Independent Geoffrey Charters 223 1.1
Democrats M C Sanders 176 0.8 -3.0
Majority 728 3.6
Turnout 19,869

1987 election

General election, 1987: Hastings[10]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour David Butcher 10,879 53.8 +2.6
National Jeff Whittaker 8,572 42.2
Democrats M C Sanders 758 3.8
Majority 2,307 11.4 -8.2
Turnout 22,544 91.9 -3.1

1984 election

General election, 1984: Hastings[10]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour David Butcher 11,179 51.2 +5.9
National P D Brown 6,906 31.6
NZ Party Sara Slavin 2,803 12.9
Social Credit John Rabarts 938 4.3
Majority 4,273 19.6 +10.7
Turnout 23,423 95.0 +3.3

1981 election

General election, 1981: Hastings[10]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour David Butcher 9,453 45.3 +7.9
National Hamish Kynoch 7,608 36.4
Social Credit Gary Clover 3,764 18.0
Independent A J L D Wedekind 68 0.3
Majority 1,845 8.9 +7.3
Turnout 22,857 91.7 +19.8

1978 election

General election, 1978: Hastings[10]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour David Butcher 7,748 37.4
National Robert Fenton 7,414 35.8 -9.5
Social Credit Jeremy Dwyer 5,373 26.0 +17.1
Values C L Amery 148 0.7
Independent R MacGregor 20 0.1
Majority 334 1.6
Turnout 28,972 71.9 -14.0

1975 election

General election, 1975: Hastings[10]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
National Robert Fenton 9,071 45.3
Labour Richard Mayson 8,580 42.9 -7.5
Social Credit Jeremy Dwyer 1,788 8.9
Values Graeme Cook 587 2.9
Majority 491 2.4
Turnout 23,415 85.9 -5.4

1972 election

General election, 1972: Hastings[10]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Richard Mayson 9,117 50.4 +5.8
National Duncan MacIntyre 7,969 44.0 -4.7
Social Credit G N Whitcombe 663 3.6 -3.1
Values Robin Duff 304 1.7
New Democratic G A Dick 50 0.3
Majority 1,148 6.4
Turnout 19,918 91.3

1969 election

General election, 1969: Hastings[11]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
National Duncan MacIntyre 8,458 48.7 -2.6
Labour Richard Mayson 7,752 44.6
Social Credit G N Whitcombe 1,163 6.7 -6.0
Majority 706 4.1 -8.6
Turnout 19,321 90.4 +1.2

1966 election

General election, 1966: Hastings[11]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
National Duncan MacIntyre 8,626 51.3 -1.6
Labour Sonja Davies 6,497 38.6
Social Credit G N Whitcombe 1,695 10.1
Majority 2,129 12.7 +0.9
Turnout 18,973 89.2 -3.6

1963 election

General election, 1963: Hastings[11]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
National Duncan MacIntyre 8,719 52.9 +5.9
Labour Edwin Keating 6,775 41.1 -4.2
Social Credit George Thew 978 6.0 -1.7
Majority 1,944 11.8 +10.1
Turnout 17,804 92.8 +0.3

1960 election

General election, 1960: Hastings[11]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
National Duncan MacIntyre 7,965 47.0
Labour Edwin Keating 7,665 45.3 -5.6
Social Credit George Thew 1,302 7.7 +2.8
Majority 300 1.7
Turnout 18,379 92.5 -1.7

1957 election

General election, 1957: Hastings[11]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Edwin Keating 8,146 50.9 +4.3
National Arthur Heary Sievewright 7,076 44.2
Social Credit George Thew 782 4.9 -3.5
Majority 1,070 6.7 +5.1
Turnout 17,081 94.2 -0.2

1954 election

General election, 1954: Hastings[11]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Edwin Keating 7,087 46.6
National Sydney Jones 6,835 45.0 -8.7
Social Credit George Thew 1,280 8.4
Majority 252 1.6
Turnout 16,199 94.4 +4.8

1951 election

General election, 1951: Hastings[12]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
National Sydney Jones 8,198 53.7 +0.4
Labour H E Beattie 7,060 46.3
Majority 1,138 7.4 +0.8
Turnout 17,090 89.6 -3.8

1949 election

General election, 1949: Hastings[13]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
National Sydney Jones 7,965 53.3
Labour Edward Cullen 6,983 46.7 -5.0
Majority 982 6.6
Turnout 16,097 93.4 -1.0

1946 election

General election, 1946: Hastings[14]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Edward Cullen 7,292 51.7
National Eric Pryor 6,809 48.3
Majority 483 3.4
Turnout 14,904 94.4

Notes

  1. ^ McRobie 1989, pp. 91–96.
  2. ^ McRobie 1989, pp. 94–127.
  3. ^ Note that the source was printed in 1989; Havelock North may or may not have fallen within the electorate following subsequent electoral redistributions.
  4. ^ Wilson 1985, p. 191.
  5. ^ Wilson 1985, pp. 191, 209.
  6. ^ Wilson 1985, pp. 209, 215.
  7. ^ a b Wilson 1985, p. 264.
  8. ^ Part 1: Votes recorded at each polling place (Technical report). New Zealand Chief Electoral Office. 1993.
  9. ^ Part 1: Votes recorded at each polling place (Technical report). New Zealand Chief Electoral Office. 1990.
  10. ^ a b c d e f Norton 1988, pp. 236.
  11. ^ a b c d e f Norton 1988, pp. 235.
  12. ^ "The New Zealand Official Year-Book, 1951–52". Statistics New Zealand. Archived from the original on 23 June 2012. Retrieved 19 November 2012.
  13. ^ "The General Election, 1949". National Library. 1950. pp. 1–5, 8. Retrieved 3 January 2014.
  14. ^ "The General Election, 1946". National Library. 1947. pp. 1–11, 14. Retrieved 1 January 2014.

References

  • McRobie, Alan (1989). Electoral Atlas of New Zealand. Wellington: GP Books. ISBN 0-477-01384-8.
  • Wilson, James Oakley (1985) [First published in 1913]. New Zealand Parliamentary Record, 1840–1984 (4th ed.). Wellington: V.R. Ward, Govt. Printer. OCLC 154283103.
  • Norton, Clifford (1988). New Zealand Parliamentary Election Results 1946–1987: Occasional Publications No 1, Department of Political Science. Wellington: Victoria University of Wellington. ISBN 0-475-11200-8.
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