Harry Hines Woodring

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Harry Woodring
Harry Hines Woodring, 53rd United States Secretary of War.jpg
53rd United States Secretary of War
In office
September 25, 1936 – June 20, 1940
President Franklin D. Roosevelt
Preceded by George Dern
Succeeded by Henry L. Stimson
25th Governor of Kansas
In office
January 12, 1931 – January 9, 1933
Lieutenant Jacob W. Graybill
Preceded by Clyde M. Reed
Succeeded by Alf Landon
Personal details
Born (1887-05-31)May 31, 1887
Elk City, Kansas, U.S.
Died September 9, 1967(1967-09-09) (aged 80)
Topeka, Kansas, U.S.
Political party Democratic
Spouse(s) Helen Coolidge
Education Lebanon Business University
Military service
Allegiance  United States
Service/branch  United States Army
Rank Second Lieutenant
Battles/wars World War I

Harry Hines Woodring (May 31, 1887 – September 9, 1967) was an American politician. A Democrat, he was the 25th Governor of Kansas and was Secretary of War in President Franklin Delano Roosevelt's administration from 1936 to 1940. He was also the United States Assistant Secretary of War from 1933 to 1936.

Biography

Harry Hines Woodring was born in 1887[1] in Elk City, Kansas, the son of farmer and Union Army soldier Hines Woodring. He was educated in city and county schools and at sixteen began work as a janitor in the First National Bank of Neodesha, Kansas. He attended Lebanon Business University in Lebanon, Indiana for one year,[2] which gained him employment as a bookkeeper and assistant cashier of the First National Bank in Elk City.

Career

Woodring soon became assistant cashier at the First National Bank of Neodesha. Woodring moved up quickly to become vice president and owner of the bank until he enlisted as a private in the US Army. He was later commissioned as a second lieutenant in the Tank Corps in World War I. He was elected department commander of the American Legion in Kansas then in 1928 he sold his banking business to enter politics.

Woodring won the Kansas gubernatorial election of 1930 in a controversial three-way race with Republican Frank Haucke and write-in candidate and goat-gland transplantation specialist, John Brinkley. Brinkley won the most votes, but the state only counted ballots with J. R. Brinkley written in, disqualifying tens of thousands of ballots with variants like John Brinkley written in.[3] Woodring himself admitted he would have lost, had all Brinkley's votes been counted.[4] Woodring served as governor of Kansas from 1931 to 1933. As the only Democrat elected to a statehouse office, his efforts to cut expenditures were largely blocked by Republicans, so he cut his own salary and the Highway Department, the one place where Democrats had control.[5]

Woodring ran for re-election in 1932, but lost to Republican Alf Landon in a three-way race, again featuring John Brinkley.[6]

On July 25, 1933, Woodring married Helen Coolidge, with whom had three children. Coolidge was the daughter of United States Senator Marcus A. Coolidge.[7]

Woodring served as Assistant Secretary of War from 1933 to 1936, with supervision over procurement matters. He was promoted and served as Secretary of War under President Franklin Roosevelt from 1936 to 1940. He projected the recommendations of his predecessor for increasing the strength of the Regular Army, National Guard, and the Reserve Corps. During his tenure he directed a revision of mobilization plans to bring personnel and procurement into balance and stressed the need to perfect the initial (peacetime) protective force.

A strict non-interventionist, Woodring came under pressure from other cabinet members to resign in the first year of World War II. Secretary of the Interior Harold Ickes met with Roosevelt at least twice to call for Woodring's firing, but FDR was at first unwilling to do so, instead appointing outspoken interventionist Louis A. Johnson as Woodring's assistant secretary of war. Woodring and Johnson were immediately at odds, and quickly reached the point where they refused to speak to each other.[8] On June 20, 1940, Roosevelt ended the struggle by finally firing Woodring, replacing him with long-time Republican politician Henry Stimson.[9]

Woodring ran unsuccessfully for Governor of Kansas in 1946, and for the Democratic Party nomination for that post in 1956.

Death

Woodring died following of stroke in Topeka, Kansas, on September 9, 1967. He is interred at the Mount Hope Cemetery in Topeka.

References

  1. ^ Encyclopedia of Kansas
  2. ^ "Harry Hines Woodring". National Governors Association. Retrieved October 2, 2012.
  3. ^ Brock, Pope (2008). Charlatan: America's Most Dangerous Huckster, the Man Who Pursued Him, and the Age of Flimflam. Crown Publishing. pp. 160–162. ISBN 0-307-33988-2. Retrieved January 11, 2015.
  4. ^ Lee, R. Alton (2002). The Bizarre Careers of John R. Brinkley. University Press of Kentucky. pp. 127–129. ISBN 0-8131-2232-5. Retrieved January 11, 2015.
  5. ^ "Harry Hines Woodring". Kansapedia. Retrieved October 2, 2012.
  6. ^ "KS Governor". Our Campaigns. Retrieved January 26, 2015.
  7. ^ "Harry Hines Woodring". The Evening Independent. Retrieved October 2, 2012.
  8. ^ Goodwin 1994, p. 23–24.
  9. ^ Goodwin 1994, p. 71.

Bibliography

  • Goodwin, Doris Kearns (1994). No Ordinary Time. Simon & Schuster. ISBN 9780684804484.

Further reading

  • Book Reviews From Parameters, Autumn 2006, pp. 124–49.

External links

Party political offices
Preceded by
Chauncey B. Little
Democratic nominee for Governor of Kansas
1930, 1932
Succeeded by
Omar Ketchum
Preceded by
Robert Lemon
Democratic nominee for Governor of Kansas
1946
Succeeded by
Randolph Carpenter
Political offices
Preceded by
Clyde M. Reed
Governor of Kansas
1931–1933
Succeeded by
Alf Landon
Preceded by
Frederick Huff Payne
United States Assistant Secretary of War
1933–1936
Succeeded by
Louis A. Johnson
Preceded by
George Dern
United States Secretary of War
1936–1940
Succeeded by
Henry L. Stimson
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