Hard Rock Cafe

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Hard Rock Cafe Inc.
Private
Industry Casual dining restaurants, casinos, hotels
Founded 14 June 1971; 47 years ago (1971-06-14)
London, England, U.K.
Headquarters Davie, Florida, U.S.
Key people
Jim Allen, President/CEO
Isaac Tigrett and Peter Morton, Founders
Owner Seminole Tribe of Florida
Website www.hardrock.com

Hard Rock Cafe Inc. is a chain of theme restaurants founded in 1971 by Isaac Tigrett and Peter Morton in London. In 1979, the cafe began covering its walls with rock and roll memorabilia, a tradition which expanded to others in the chain. In 2007, Hard Rock Cafe International (USA), Inc. was sold to the Seminole Tribe of Florida and was headquartered in Orlando, Florida until April 2018 when the corporate offices were relocated to Davie, Florida.[1][2] As of July 2018, Hard Rock International has venues in 74 countries, including 185 cafes, 25 hotels, and 12 casinos.[3][needs update]

History

Restaurants

Hard Rock Cafe in Orlando
Hard Rock Cafe in Hollywood
Hard Rock Cafe located on Broadway in the heart of Times Square
Big Guitar Sign at Hard Rock Cafe, Beirut, Lebanon. This location closed in September 2013.
Huge Guitar At Hard Rock Cafe, New Delhi
Hard Rock Cafe signage at The Printworks, Manchester
Cleveland Hard Rock Cafe, closed since 2016.
Hard Rock Café in Temple Bar, Dublin

The first Hard Rock Cafe (HRC) opened on 14 June 1971 at Old Park Lane, Mayfair, London, under the ownership of young Americans Isaac Tigrett and Peter Morton. Hard Rock initially had an eclectic decor, but it later started to display memorabilia.

The chain began to expand worldwide in 1982 with locations in (among others) Toronto, Los Angeles, San Francisco, Chicago, Paris, and Berlin.[4] Hard Rock Cafe locations in the United States vary from smaller, more tourist driven markets (Biloxi, Pigeon Forge, Key West, etc.) to large metropolises (Houston, Philadelphia, New York City, Chicago, Boston, Washington DC, etc.). Hard Rock Cafe typically does not franchise cafe locations in the United States. All US cafes are corporate owned and operated, except for cafes in Tampa and Four Winds New Buffalo casino.[5] However, in the transition of the Las Vegas Hard Rock Hotel property originally owned and then later sold to Rank by founder Peter Morton. Morton retained hotel naming rights west of the Mississippi. When Morton sold his Las Vegas Hard Rock Hotel to the Morgans Hotel Group, he also sold those naming rights, which then gave rise to two US franchised hotels (without cafes) in Albuquerque and Tulsa. The Albuquerque hotel no longer pays for the Hard Rock rights and reverted to its former name in June 2013. More hotels franchised from Morgan's are planned for Sioux City and Vancouver.

In 1990, The Rank Group, a London-based leisure company, acquired Mecca Leisure Group and continued expansion of the concept in its geographic territory. Rank went on to purchase Hard Rock America from Peter Morton as well as Hard Rock Canada from Nick Bitove. After the completion of these acquisitions, Rank gained worldwide control of the brand. In March 2007, the Seminole Tribe of Florida acquired Hard Rock Cafe International, Inc. and other related entities from Rank for US$965 million.[1] In 2008, anonymous members of the wait staff criticized the business because of its practice of paying them less than half the official minimum wage in the UK, with the business allocating tips to staff to bring their salaries within the law. Most customers, it was argued, do not realize that they are subsidizing a low wage when they give the tip.[6]

Music memorabilia

Jon Bon Jovi's guitar on display at the cafe in Moscow

HRC is known for its collection of rock-and-roll memorabilia. The cafes solicit donations of music memorabilia but also purchase a number of items at auctions around the world, including autographed guitars, costumes from world tours and rare photographs; these are often to be found mounted on cafe walls. The collection began in 1979 with an un-signed Red Fender Lead II guitar from Eric Clapton, who was a regular at the first restaurant in London. Clapton wanted management to hang the guitar over his regular seat in order to lay claim to that spot, and they obliged. This prompted Pete Townshend of The Who to give one of his guitars, also un-signed with the note "Mine's as good as his! Love, Pete."[7] Hard Rock's archive includes over 80,000 items,[8] and is the largest private collection of Rock and Roll memorabilia in the world. Marquee pieces from the collection were briefly displayed in a Hard Rock museum named "The Vault" in Orlando, Florida from January 2003 until September 2004. After the closure, items were disbursed to various restaurant locations.[9] The London Vault remains open and free to visitors, located in the retail Rock Shop of the original cafe.[10]

The Hard Rock Café is also in possession of a Bedford VAL 6 axle coach used in the 1967 film The Beatles Magical Mystery Tour. The vehicle was completely refurbished after filming. It is currently displayed in the US, but makes regular appearances in events in the UK, especially at the original Hard Rock Cafe in London. In 2001, a competition was run to win the actual bus, but it was never given away and remained with the cafe.

Expansion into other businesses

Casinos and hotels

Hard Rock Hotel Macau
Hard Rock Cafe Melaka

In 1995, Peter Morton spent $80 million to open the Hard Rock Hotel near the Las Vegas Strip in Las Vegas, Nevada. A subsequent $100 million expansion in 1999 nearly doubled the hotel's capacity.[11]

In May 2006, Morton sold the Hard Rock Hotel & Casino, Las Vegas to Morgans Hotel Group for $770 million, including the rights to the Hard Rock Hotel brand west of the Mississippi, including Texas, California, Australia, and Vancouver, British Columbia.[12] The hotel began another expansion in 2007 at a cost of $750 million. The project added 875 rooms in two towers and expanded meeting space.[13] In March 2011, Morgans surrendered control of the property to partner Brookfield Asset Management, citing the high debt on the property in the face of the economic downturn.[14] In April 2018, the Hard Rock Hotel in Las Vegas was sold to Richard Branson with plans to renovate the property under the Virgin Hotels brand.[15]

Today, the Seminole Tribe of Florida owns and operates all units except the Las Vegas, Tulsa, Sioux City, and Vancouver properties. In 2004, Hard Rock International and Sol Melia Hotels and Resorts launched Lifestar Hoteles España SL, a joint venture that intended to manage Europe's first Hard Rock Hotel in Madrid, but it was never opened as a Hard Rock property upon the dissolution of the joint venture in 2007.[16] The other joint venture hotels are in Chicago, New York and San Diego (the San Diego property includes Hard Rock condominiums). Hard Rock also operates hotels and resorts in Orlando, Florida (a joint venture with Loews Hotels); Bali, Indonesia; and Pattaya, Thailand, (a joint venture with Ong Beng Seng/Hotel Properties Limited). Hard Rock International continues to expand internationally (including hotels, casinos, resorts, and condominiums) through several joint ventures (Becker Ventures, Ong Beng Seng/Hotel Properties Limited and Loews Hotels), including hotels in Chicago, Bali, Orlando, Penang, San Diego, Singapore, and planned openings in Abu Dhabi, Cancun, Dubai, Hungary, Panama, Punta Cana and Puerto Vallarta,[17] as well as hotel-casinos in Hollywood, Florida; Tampa, Florida; Las Vegas, Nevada; and Catoosa, Oklahoma, just northeast of Tulsa.[18] (The Hard Rock Casino in Biloxi, MS is owned by Twin River Management Group, Inc.)

The Hotel Zoso in Palm Springs, California was converted into a 160-room Hard Rock Hotel and opened in 2014.[19][20] A location in Atlantic City, New Jersey was planned, but canceled.[21] All-inclusive resorts operate under the Hard Rock brand in Mexico and the Dominican Republic. In 2013, the Hard Rock Rocksino Northfield Park, opened as a joint slot machine and track venture. The Rocksino is located near Cleveland.

In 2015, Hard Rock announced a new hotel in Bogotá, Colombia, which will open in 2019. The company had plans to open in the biggest financial district in Colombia, the Centro Internacional, but it revised those plans. The hotel will be located in the exclusive Zona Rosa de Bogotá, home of luxury boutiques.

Other international locations include:

  • Hard Rock Casino Vancouver, Coquitlam, B.C., Canada
  • Hard Rock Hotel Shenzhen, Shenzhen, China
  • Hard Rock Hotel and Casino Punta Cana, Macao, Dominican Republic
  • Hard Rock Hotel Goa, Bardez, India
  • Hard Rock Hotel Bali, Bali, Indonesia
  • Hard Rock Hotel Penang, Penang, Malaysia
  • Hard Rock Hotel Cancun, Cáncun, Mexico
  • Hard Rock Hotel Riviera Maya, Puerto Aventuras, Mexico
  • Hard Rock Hotel Vallarta, Riviera Nayarit, Mexico
  • Hard Rock Hotel Panama Megapolis, Panama City, Panama
  • Hard Rock Hotel Singapore, Resorts World Sentosa, Singapore
  • Hard Rock Hotel Ibiza, Islas Baleares, Spain
  • Hard Rock Hotel Tenerife, Tenerife, Spain
  • Hard Rock Hotel Davos, Davos, Switzerland
  • Hard Rock Hotel Pattaya, Chonburi, Thailand

Hard Rock Park

In March 2006, Hard Rock Cafe International announced that it had licensed the "Hard Rock" name to HRP Myrtle Beach Operations, LLC, to design, build, and operate a $400 million 150-acre (0.61 km2) theme park called Hard Rock Park. Hard Rock Park opened on April 15, 2008 in Myrtle Beach, South Carolina. The park was expected to draw an estimated 30,000 visitors per day, promised to create more than 3,000 jobs, and was billed as the largest single investment in South Carolina's history. It planned to feature a large concert arena and six zones with more than 40 attractions. HRP Myrtle Beach Operations, LLC, filed for Chapter 11 on September 25, 2008. The company hoped to re-open in 2009 after restructuring.[22] On January 2, 2009 after failing to attract a buyer with a minimum $35 million bid for over two months, Hard Rock Park asked a Delaware Bankruptcy Court to convert the filing to Chapter 7, triggering immediate liquidation of assets to pay off creditors, and closing the park.[23]

New owners renamed the venue Freestyle Music Park and planned to reopen retaining a music-theme but, without the Hard Rock name by Memorial Day, 2009. The park only operated one additional year and never reopened due to poor attendance.[24]

Hard Rock Stadium

In August 2016, it was reported that the Miami Dolphins' stadium in Miami Gardens, Florida would be renamed Hard Rock Stadium Where Super Bowl 54 Will be held.[25]

Acquisition by the Seminole Tribe of Florida

On December 7, 2006, Rank sold its Hard Rock business to the Seminole Tribe of Florida for $965 million. Included in the deal were 124 Hard Rock Cafes, four Hard Rock Hotels, two Hard Rock Hotel and Casino Hotels, two Hard Rock Live! concert venues, and stakes in three unbranded hotels. Rank retained the Hard Rock Casino in London, and rebranded it the G Casino Piccadilly. The Hard Rock Hotel and Casino in Las Vegas was also not part of the deal, as it was sold by Peter Morton to Morgans Hotel Group in May 2006.[26] The final takeover was mired in controversy, due to a payment clause in a contract with one casino developer, Power Plant Entertainment. Power Plant and the Seminoles announced a settlement in April 2007 which both sides called equitable.[27] On January 8, 2007, Rank shareholders approved the Seminoles' $965 million offer. The Tribe announced it had finalized the deal on March 11, 2007.[28]

On June 22, 2008, the Seminole Hard Rock Hotel & Casino Hollywood began "Vegas-style" table gambling in addition to the Class II slots already in operation. To win approval for the table games, which were barred under Florida law, the Seminole Tribe paid the State of Florida $100 million as part of a 25-year pact signed by Governor Charlie Crist. On July 3, 2008, the Florida Supreme Court ruled that the governor's agreement was unconstitutional, but table games continue to operate because the Federal Department of the Interior approved the now-invalid pact with the state.[29]

List of locations

Hard Rock Cafe Roppongi, Tokyo.
Location (city) Location (country) Status Established Closed/Moved Comments
London  United Kingdom Open June 14, 1971 -
Toronto  Canada Closed June 23, 1978 May 24, 2017 Closed because of lease expiration
Los Angeles  United States Closed October 24, 1982 December 31, 2006 [30]
Tokyo Roppongi  Japan Open July 4, 1983 -
New York City  United States Open April 12, 1984 August 12, 2005 Relocated to Times Square
San Francisco  United States Open September 10, 1984 August 26, 2002 Relocated to Fisherman's Wharf
Stockholm  Sweden Open April 16, 1985 -
Chicago  United States Open June 17, 1986 -
Dallas  United States Open November 6, 1986 July 15, 2009 Relocated
Houston  United States Open November 6, 1986 May 21, 2000 Relocated
Cancún  Mexico Open June 9, 1987 March 19, 2016 Reopened
Honolulu  United States Open July 15, 1987 November 23, 2000 Relocated
Reykjavík  Iceland Open July 25, 1987 October 30, 2016 Closed May 29, 2005. Relocated
New Orleans  United States Open November 11, 1987 December 29, 2012 Relocated
La Jolla  United States Closed December 11, 1988 October 13, 2008 Originally San Diego, renamed when downtown location opened.
Sydney  Australia Open April 1, 1989 July 8, 2011 Closed October 22, 2007. Relocated
Toronto SkyDome  Canada Closed June 6, 1989 September 27, 2009
Boston  United States Open June 12, 1989 July 2, 2007 Relocated
Acapulco  Mexico Closed December 8, 1989 January 17, 2014
Washington, D.C.  United States Open January 1, 1990 -
Singapore  Singapore Open February 6, 1990 -
Orlando  United States Open June 7, 1990 December 11, 1998 Relocated
Maui  United States Closed July 23, 1990 December 31, 2016
Las Vegas at Hard Rock Hotel  United States Closed September 7, 1990 January 1, 2017
Montreal  Canada Closed September 20, 1990 September 27, 2009
Puerto Vallarta  Mexico Closed December 30, 1990 August 7, 2011
Aspen  United States Closed January 22, 1991 November 1, 2000
Bangkok  Thailand Open April 22, 1991 -
Kuala Lumpur  Malaysia Open November 9, 1991 -
Paris  France Open November 24, 1991 -
Osaka  Japan Open January 17, 1992 September 14, 2001 Relocated
Tijuana  Mexico Closed April 26, 1992 June 19, 2008
Berlin  Germany Open May 18, 1992 April 26, 2010
Jakarta  Indonesia Open October 2, 1992 September 16, 2013 Relocated to Plaza Indonesia Entertainment X'nter in July 2004.
Atlanta  United States Open November 9, 1992 -
Newport Beach  United States Closed November 23, 1992 June 23, 2005
St. Thomas  United States Virgin Islands Closed December 17, 1992 April 23, 2005
San Juan  Puerto Rico Closed March 5, 1993 April 22, 2011
Tel Aviv  Israel Closed July 1, 1993 December 1, 1997
Miami  United States Open September 21, 1993 -
Mexico City  Mexico Closed September 23, 1993 May 24, 2013
Bali  Indonesia Open October 8, 1993 -
Taipei  Taiwan Closed December 22, 1993 February 2, 2002
Beijing  China Closed May 14, 1994 September 22, 2012
Nashville  United States Open June 21, 1994 -
Cozumel  Mexico Open October 22, 1994 December 10, 2014 Closed August 31, 2005. Relocated
Hong Kong Kowloon  Hong Kong Closed November 13, 1994 November 23, 2008
Madrid  Spain Open November 25, 1994 -
San Antonio  United States Open January 12, 1995 -
Hong Kong at Chater Road  Hong Kong Closed March 18, 1995 October 1, 1999
Calgary  Canada Closed April 1, 1995 June 1, 2000
Vancouver  Canada Closed June 6, 1995 June 1, 2000
Edmonton  Canada Closed July 7, 1995 June 1, 2000 Inside West Edmonton Mall
Myrtle Beach  United States Open July 10, 1995 October 7, 2016 Broadway at the Beach complex since opening. Relocated to The Avenue
Copenhagen  Denmark Open July 18, 1995 -
Whistler  Canada Closed September 5, 1995 June 1, 2000
Buenos Aires  Argentina Open October 15, 1995 -
Melbourne  Australia Closed October 20, 1995 October 21, 2007
Phoenix  United States Open October 21, 1995 February 25, 2002 Relocated
Banff  Canada Closed October 22, 1995 June 1, 2000
Taichung  Taiwan Closed December 1, 1995 December 1, 1996
Cabo San Lucas  Mexico Closed December 10, 1995 August 31, 2013 Unauthorized location[31]
Antwerp  Belgium Open December 15, 1995 March 20, 2017 Closed April 24, 1997. Relocated
Makati  Philippines Closed December 15, 1995 July 1, 2017 Renamed to Johnny B. Good after closed
Universal City  United States Open January 12, 1996 -
Kanata  Canada Closed January 15, 1996 August 8, 2002
Rideau Carleton Raceway location announced
Surfers Paradise  Australia Open March 22, 1996 - Originally called Gold Coast.
Ottawa  Canada Closed June 26, 1996 September 1, 2013
Rideau Carleton Raceway location announced
Niagara Falls  United States Open July 10, 1996 -
Shanghai  China Temp. Closed August 2, 1996 December 26, 2016 Closed March 21, 2004. Relocated but temporarily closed
Guangzhou  China Closed September 2, 1996 May 18, 2003
Key West  United States Open September 27, 1996 -
Atlantic City  United States Open November 15, 1996 June 28, 2018 Closed September 30, 2017 as part of the Hard Rock Hotel & Casino Atlantic City improvements plan. Restaurant originally opened as part of the Trump Taj Mahal, it remained open (independently operated) after the hotel and casino's closure until current round of construction began as part of conversion with its new owners.
Cape Town  South Africa Open November 22, 1996 October 11, 2017 Closed June 17, 2001. Relocated
Seoul  South Korea Closed December 2, 1996 Unknown Closed January 1, 2007. Reopened in April 18, 2008 but closed again in April 2009. Reopened in October 21, 2014.
Niagara Falls Canada  Canada Open December 9, 1996 -
Beirut  Lebanon Closed December 19, 1996 September 9, 2013 [32]
Shenzhen  China Open May 27, 1997 Unknown Closed November 1998. Re-opened
Nagoya  Japan Closed July 1, 1997 December 31, 2010
Baltimore  United States Open July 4, 1997 -
Yokohama  Japan Open July 18, 1997 -
Sacramento  United States Closed August 13, 1997 March 27, 2010
Amman  Jordan Closed August 14, 1997 September 1, 2000
Manama  Bahrain Open October 4, 1997 -
Barcelona  Spain Open November 10, 1997 -
Memphis  United States Open November 14, 1997 July 3, 2014 Relocated two blocks west in 2014[33]
Dubai  United Arab Emirates Open December 13, 1997 November 18, 2011 Closed March 8, 2009. Relocated
Philadelphia  United States Open January 15, 1998 -
Lima  Peru Open February 20, 1998 December 17, 2012 Closed December 3, 2001. Relocated
Edinburgh  United Kingdom Open March 28, 1998 -
Guam  Guam Open May 10, 1998 -
Ankara  Turkey Closed May 27, 1998 February 8, 2002
Lake Tahoe  United States Closed June 30, 1998 May 13, 2018
Salt Lake City  United States Closed June 30, 1998 December 7, 2008
Cleveland  United States Closed July 2, 1998 July 24, 2016 [34]
Kona  United States Closed July 21, 1998 July 9, 2008
Sharm el-Sheikh  Egypt Open July 24, 1998 -
San Diego  United States Closed July 28, 1998 December 31, 2017
Saipan  Northern Mariana Islands Open August 18, 1998 -
St. Louis  United States Closed August 24, 1998 August 16, 2018
Denver  United States Open November 5, 1998 -
Guadalajara  Mexico Closed November 7, 1998 October 1, 2008
Rome  Italy Open December 10, 1998 -
Amsterdam  Netherlands Open March 20, 1999 -
Indianapolis  United States Open April 13, 1999 -
Kobe  Japan Closed April 27, 1999 December 31, 2003
Fort Lauderdale  United States Closed July 7, 1999 May 9, 2004 New location Hollywood, FL.
Gatlinburg  United States Closed September 5, 1999 May 18, 2014 New location Pigeon Forge.
Oasis  United Kingdom Closed April 14, 2000 }January 31, 2002}
Fukuoka  Japan Open April 26, 2000 April 27, 2016 Closed Hawks Town Mall March 31, 2016. Relocated to JRJP Hakata Building at JR Hakata Station[35][36])
Grand Cayman  Cayman Islands Open April 28, 2000 December 10, 2014 Closed October 13, 2013. Relocated
Rio de Janeiro  Brazil Closed June 27, 2000 July 25, 2011 Relocated at base of Corcovado
Manchester  United Kingdom Open September 12, 2000 -
Malta  Malta Open November 25, 2000 -
Osaka Universal  Japan Open March 22, 2001 -
Managua  Nicaragua Open May 1, 2001 December 26, 2016 Closed December 2001. Relocated
Cairo  Egypt Open May 4, 2001 March 1, 2018 Closed December 31, 2010. Relocated [37]
Belfast  United Kingdom Closed May 9, 2001 September 25, 2004
Queenstown  New Zealand Closed May 28, 2001 September 28, 2004
Bogotá  Colombia Open October 1, 2001 -
Pattaya  Thailand Open October 15, 2001 -
Birmingham  United Kingdom Closed November 20, 2001 May 15, 2007
Munich  Germany Open February 25, 2002 -
Austin  United States Closed February 27, 2002 January 2, 2006
Ueno-Eki  Japan Open March 25, 2002 -
Nottingham  United Kingdom Closed June 5, 2002 November 12, 2007
Pittsburgh  United States Open June 24, 2002 -
Minneapolis  United States Closed September 12, 2002 September 30, 2011
Leeds  United Kingdom Closed December 2, 2002 July 3, 2007
Cologne  Germany Open April 28, 2003 -
Lisbon  Portugal Open June 12, 2003 -
Panama  Panama Open September 8, 2003 September 8, 2004 Relocated to Multicentro September 8, 2004. Closed September 2013. Re-opened Fall 2016
Moscow  Russia Open September 17, 2003 -
Cardiff  United Kingdom Closed October 13, 2003 October 12, 2010
Nassau  Bahamas Open October 21, 2003 May 22, 2014Closed Unauthorized location.[31] Relocated
Detroit  United States Open November 10, 2003 -
Malta  Malta Open February 1, 2004 March 2, 2006 Relocated
Catania  Italy Closed February 24, 2004 October 10, 2006
Hollywood FL  United States Open May 11, 2004 -
Louisville  United States Open May 31, 2004 -
Dublin  Ireland Open June 29, 2004 -
Destin  United States Closed July 2, 2004 June 21, 2014
Foxwoods  United States Open August 20, 2004 -
Athens  Greece Open September 14, 2004 April 6, 2015 Closed March 31, 2014. Relocated[38]
Hurghada  Egypt Open November 12, 2004 -
Kuwait  Kuwait Closed November 20, 2004 February 28, 2014
Gothenburg  Sweden Open December 10, 2004 -
Caracas  Venezuela Open May 12, 2005 -
Playa del Inglés  Spain Closed December 2, 2005 October 1, 2009
Oslo  Norway Open December 12, 2005 -
Belo Horizonte  Brazil Closed December 23, 2005 May 25, 2014
Santo Domingo  Dominican Republic Open July 14, 2006 June 14, 2014 Relocated
Mumbai Worli  India Open September 12, 2006 -
Narita  Japan Closed September 15, 2006 August 19, 2012
Ocho Rios  Jamaica Closed November 22, 2006 February 3, 2011
Margarita  Venezuela Open November 27, 2006 -
Warsaw  Poland Open February 8, 2007 -
Biloxi  United States Open July 1, 2007 -
Punta Cana  Dominican Republic Open July 2, 2007 -
Nadi  Fiji Open December 4, 2007 -
Cartagena  Colombia Open December 13, 2007 -
Bengaluru  India Open December 29, 2007 -
Bucharest  Romania Open January 1, 2008 -
Singapore Changi Airport  Singapore Closed January 9, 2008 December 18, 2016
Mallorca  Spain Open November 29, 2008 -
Aruba  Aruba Open December 12, 2008 -
Pune  India Open January 11, 2009 -
Yankee Stadium  United States Open March 30, 2009 -
Prague  Czech Republic Open April 3, 2009 -
Venice  Italy Open April 9, 2009 -
New Delhi  India Open June 4, 2009 -
Las Vegas  United States Open September 5, 2009 -
Penang  Malaysia Open September 15, 2009 -
Hyderabad  India Open September 21, 2009 -
Marbella  Spain Open October 30, 2009 -
Phuket  Thailand Open November 29, 2009 -
Ho Chi Minh City  Vietnam Open December 17, 2009 - Rights owned by the Highlands Coffee conglomerate
Seattle  United States Open February 10, 2010 -
Sentosa  Singapore Open April 22, 2010 -
Kraków  Poland Open June 4, 2010 -
Hollywood on Hollywood Boulevard  United States Open July 19, 2010 -
Medellín  Colombia Open September 3, 2010 -
Glyfada  Greece Closed December 17, 2010 October 10, 2012
Sint Maarten  Netherlands Open December 20, 2010 -
Tampa  United States Open December 21, 2010 -
Hong Kong at Lan Kwai Fong  China Open April 18, 2011 - [39]
Florence  Italy Open June 14, 2011 - [40]
Costa Maya  Mexico Closed August 16, 2011 May 21, 2012
Hamburg  Germany Open August 17, 2011 - [41]
Budapest  Hungary Open December 14, 2011 - [42]
Macau  Macau Open February 14, 2012 -
New Buffalo, Michigan at Four Winds New Buffalo  United States Open July 11, 2012 - [43]
Brussels at Grand Place  Belgium Open July 31, 2012 - [44]
Helsinki  Finland Open October 15, 2012 -
Nicosia  Cyprus Closed October 15, 2012 May 21, 2013
Kota Kinabalu  Malaysia Open November 15, 2012 - [45]
Santiago  Chile Open December 19, 2012 -
Guatemala City  Guatemala Open January 7, 2013 - [45]
Malacca City  Malaysia Open January 28, 2013 -
Nabq  Egypt Open February 23, 2013 -
Ibiza  Spain Open June 4, 2013 -
Mumbai, Andheri West  India Open September 1, 2013 -
San José  Costa Rica Open September 21, 2013 - [45]
Nice  France Open October 11, 2013 -
Glasgow  United Kingdom Open November 16, 2013 - [46]
Tenerife  Spain Open November 19, 2013 -
Johannesburg  South Africa Open December 3, 2013[47] -
Northfield Park  United States Open December 18, 2013 -
Chennai  India Closed December 29, 2013 May 31, 2016
Santa Cruz de la Sierra  Bolivia Open February 24, 2014 - [45]
Istanbul  Turkey Closed 2013 [48]
Gurgaon  India Open March 23, 2014 -[45]
Pigeon Forge  United States Open May 20, 2014 - This is a move from Gatlinburg[45]
Anchorage  United States Open June 28, 2014 - [49]
Angkor  Cambodia Open June 22, 2014 - [50]
Vienna  Austria Open June 30, 2014 - [51]
Gdańsk  Poland Open July 1, 2014 -
Mall of America  United States Open August 28, 2014 - [52]
Almaty  Kazakhstan Open October 30, 2014 -
Buenos Aires Aeroparque  Argentina Open November 22, 2014 -
Marseille  France Closed November 30, 2014 September 5, 2017
Asuncion  Paraguay Open December 20, 2014 - [53]
Podgorica  Montenegro Open February 8, 2015 -
Curitiba  Brazil Open May 28, 2015 -
Guanacaste  Costa Rica Open June 27, 2015 -
Busan  South Korea Closed October 18, 2015 February 18, 2018
Port El Kantaoui  Tunisia Open December 27, 2015 -
Vientiane  Laos Closed December 31, 2015 May 31, 2018
Lagos  Nigeria Open March 11, 2016 -
Koh Samui  Thailand Open April 30, 2016 -
Ayia Napa  Cyprus Open May 29, 2016 - Relocated from Nicosia
Tbilisi  Georgia Open June 16, 2016 -
Seville  Spain Open August 4, 2016 -
Baku  Azerbaijan Open August 28, 2016 -
Hangzhou  China Temp.Closed October 30, 2016 -
Lyon  France Open October 30, 2016 -
Porto  Portugal Open November 20, 2016 -
Pretoria  South Africa Open November 26, 2016 -
Chiang Mai  Thailand Open December 6, 2016 -
Ulaanbaatar  Mongolia Open December 10, 2016 -
Montego Bay  Jamaica Open December 24, 2016 -
Ushuaia  Argentina Open December 24, 2016 -
Tampa International Airport  United States Open August 6, 2016 -
Houston Airport  United States Open May 15, 2017 - [54]
Valencia  Spain Open May 28, 2017 -
Andorra la Vella  Andorra Open July 25, 2017 - [55]
Innsbruck  Austria Open August 13, 2017 -
La Paz  Bolivia Open September 18, 2017 -
Phnom Penh  Cambodia Open November 7, 2017 -
Kolkata  India Open December 20, 2017 - [56]
Yangon  Myanmar Open 2017 -
Wrocław  Poland Open March 22, 2018 -
Tianjin  China Open April 20, 2018 -
Saint Petersburg  Russia Open June 13, 2018 -
Gramado  Brazil Open July 22, 2018 -
Dubai Airport  United Arab Emirates Open Unknown -
Ezeiza Airport  Argentina Open Unknown -
Chengdu  China Open 2018 - Planned
Ciudad del Este  Paraguay 2019 Planned ?
Milan  Italy 2019 Planned ?
Naples  Italy 2019 Planned ?
Belgrade  Serbia 2019 Planned ? [57]
Desaru  Malaysia 2019 Planned ?
Montería  Colombia 2019 Planned ? To open at Fall 2018

| Kansas City |  United States | 2020 | Planned ?

See also

References

  1. ^ a b "Seminole tribe in Hard Rock deal". BBC News. December 7, 2006. Retrieved March 16, 2012. 
  2. ^ "Contact Us". Hard Rock Cafe. Retrieved July 25, 2018. 
  3. ^ Seay, Gregory (December 14, 2015). "Hard Rock sets 170-room DoNo hotel". Hartford Business Journal. Retrieved December 15, 2015. 
  4. ^ "Hard Rock History". Hard Rock Cafe. Retrieved March 16, 2012. 
  5. ^ Hard Rock Cafe Locations. Retrieved May 10, 2012
  6. ^ Shankleman, Martin (July 18, 2008). "Hard Rock wages 'below minimum'". BBC News. Retrieved March 17, 2012. 
  7. ^ "Townshend's Gibson Les Paul". Hard Rock Cafe. Retrieved March 17, 2012. 
  8. ^ "Hard Rock Corporate - Hard Rock History". 
  9. ^ "The Hard Rock Vault". LostParks.com. Retrieved March 17, 2012. 
  10. ^ Laura Porter. "The Vault". About.com. Retrieved March 17, 2012. 
  11. ^ "The Hard Rock Hotel & Casino Las Vegas Selects Rainmaker Group Revenue Management". Hospitalitynet. June 22, 2009. Retrieved March 17, 2012. 
  12. ^ William Spain (May 6, 2006). "Morgans Hotel Group to buy Vegas Hard Rock for $770 million". The Wall Street Journal. marketwatch.com. Retrieved March 17, 2012. 
  13. ^ Amanda Finnegan (February 6, 2009). "Hard Rock Hotel expansion hits another milestone". Las Vegas Sun. lasvegassun.com. Retrieved March 17, 2012. 
  14. ^ Steve Green (March 2, 2011). "Hard Rock Hotel management group ends its run with resort". Las Vegas Sun. lasvegassun.com. Retrieved March 17, 2012. 
  15. ^ "Business Mogul Richard Branson Buys Las Vegas Casino-Hotel". 12 April 2018. Retrieved 18 April 2018. 
  16. ^ Milligan, Michael. "Sol Melia confident that ME brand will stand out from the crowd". Travel Weekly. Retrieved January 22, 2007. 
  17. ^ "Hard Rock International and the Luckie Street Partners Announce Atlanta Hotel Development". Hard Rock Cafe. October 24, 2007. Retrieved March 17, 2012. 
  18. ^ "Contact Us". Hard Rock Cafe. Retrieved March 17, 2012. 
  19. ^ Vincent, Roger. (February 10, 2013). Palm Springs hotel to be converted into Hard Rock outpost. Los Angeles Times.
  20. ^ "Hard Rock Hotel Palm Springs Announces Star-Studded Grand Opening Celebration Set for March 6th". globenewswire.com. February 19, 2014. Retrieved November 10, 2016. 
  21. ^ Wittkowski, Donald. (September 13, 2012). Hard Rock casino developers scrap Atlantic City casino project The Press of Atlantic City.
  22. ^ "S.C.'s Hard Rock Park files for bankruptcy after inaugural season". USA Today. usatoday.com. September 25, 2008. Retrieved March 16, 2012. 
  23. ^ "Hard Rock Park requests liquidation". Orlando Sentinel. Orlandosentinel.com. January 3, 2009. Retrieved March 17, 2012. 
  24. ^ "Coastal business: Freestyle Music Park attorney sees better market". The Sun News. myrtlebeachonline.com. February 8, 2011. Retrieved March 20, 2012. 
  25. ^ Jackson, Barry (August 16, 2016). "Miami Dolphins' stadium gets a new name: Hard Rock". Miami Herald. Retrieved August 17, 2016. 
  26. ^ Adrian Sainz (December 7, 2006). "Seminoles buy Hard Rock cafe". Seattle Post-Intelligencer. seattlepi.com. Retrieved March 20, 2012. 
  27. ^ John Burstein (April 18, 2007). "Seminoles, developer settle disputes". South Florida Sun-Sentinel. sun-sentinel.com. Retrieved March 20, 2012. 
  28. ^ "Seminole Tribe Finalizes Acquisition of Hard Rock International". PRnewswire. hotels-stl.com. March 11, 2007. Retrieved March 20, 2012. 
  29. ^ Brenda Farrington (July 3, 2008). "Florida Supreme court nixes casino pact". The Seattle Times. seattletimes.com. Associated Press. Retrieved March 20, 2012. 
  30. ^ Lesley Balla (January 8, 2007). "Hard Rock Café Ain't Rockin' No More". Eater LA. Retrieved March 20, 2012. 
  31. ^ a b "Franchise Agreements Terminated". Hard Rock Cafe. Retrieved January 20, 2014. 
  32. ^ http://www.beirut.com/l/28129.  Missing or empty |title= (help)
  33. ^ "Memphis official confirms Hard Rock Cafe is moving its location". WorldNow and WMC. January 15, 2014. 
  34. ^ Morona, Joey (July 23, 2016). "Hard Rock Cafe at Tower City closes for good on Sunday". The Plain Dealer. Retrieved July 24, 2016. 
  35. ^ "Hard Rock Cafe Announces Move to Hakata - Fukuoka Now". 
  36. ^ "Hard Rock Cafe Rocks New Hakata Venue - Pre-Opening Report - Fukuoka Now". April 26, 2016. 
  37. ^ [>http://www.hardrock.com/cafes/cairo/ "Hard Rock Cafe Cairo - Live Music and Dining in Cairo - Cairo Restaurants"] Check |url= value (help). www.hardrock.com. Retrieved 2017-12-04. 
  38. ^ "Το Hard Rock Cafe επιστρέφει στην Αθήνα". To Vima. Retrieved September 25, 2015. 
  39. ^ "Re-Opening of the Hard Rock in Hong Kong". Next Stop Hong Kong. June 14, 2011. 
  40. ^ "Hard Rock Turns Up The Volume In Florence With Grand Opening Celebration". Hard Rock Cafe. June 14, 2011. 
  41. ^ "Hard Rock rocks its way to Hamburg" (Press release). 4Hoteliers.com. June 20, 2011. Retrieved March 20, 2012. 
  42. ^ "Hard Rock Cafe Budapest Now Open". abudapest.com. December 21, 2011. Retrieved March 20, 2012. 
  43. ^ "Hard Rock Cafe New Buffalo will have plenty to see (photo gallery)". MLive.com. 
  44. ^ "Hard Rock Café Brussels location and opening hours". thomasvanhoutte.be. July 31, 2011. Retrieved July 31, 2012. 
  45. ^ a b c d e f "Cafes Coming Soon". Hard Rock Cafe. Retrieved March 20, 2012. 
  46. ^ "Job listing for manager of Glasgow cafe". 
  47. ^ "Hard Rock Cafe Johannesburg". Facebook. 
  48. ^ "Now Open". 
  49. ^ "Hard Rock Cafe to open in spring in downtown Anchorage". November 21, 2013. Retrieved November 21, 2013. 
  50. ^ Glasser, Miranda (June 20, 2014). "Soft opening for Hard Rock Café". The Phnom Penh Post. Retrieved February 20, 2016. 
  51. ^ "HRC Wien hat geöffnet". 
  52. ^ "Hard Rock Cafe Mall of America". hardrock.com. 
  53. ^ "El Hard Rock Café Asunción abrió sus puertas al público". ultimahora. 
  54. ^ "Hard Rock Cafe Houston Airport - Live Music and Dining in Houston Airport - Houston Airport Restaurants". www.hardrock.com. 
  55. ^ "Hard Rock Cafe Andorra - Live Music and Dining in Andorra - Andorra Restaurants". www.hardrock.com. Retrieved 2017-09-08. 
  56. ^ "Hard Rock Cafe set to open eighth location in Kolkata". 
  57. ^ ""HARD ROK KAFE" UMESTO "RUSKOG CARA" Na mestu gde je 122 godine bila čuvena kafana, biće otvoren objekat svetski poznatog brenda". October 25, 2016. 

External links

  • Official website
  • Official Hard Rock Hotel and Casino Site
  • Video review of the Hard Rock Cafe with on-site footage
  • Video tour of the Hard Rock Hotel Singapore
  • Hard Rock Memorabilia Gallery
  • "Seattle welcomes Hard Rock Cafe"
Retrieved from "https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Hard_Rock_Cafe&oldid=859774588"
This content was retrieved from Wikipedia : http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hard_Rock_Cafe
This page is based on the copyrighted Wikipedia article "Hard Rock Cafe"; it is used under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License (CC-BY-SA). You may redistribute it, verbatim or modified, providing that you comply with the terms of the CC-BY-SA