Hanna Kvanmo

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Hanna Kvanmo
Member of the Storting
In office
1973–1989
Constituency Nordland
Parliamentary leader of the Socialist Left Party
In office
1977–1989
Succeeded by Kjellbjørg Lunde
Member of the Norwegian Nobel Committee
In office
1991–2002
Vice chair of the Norwegian Nobel Committee
In office
1993–1998
Preceded by Gidske Anderson
Succeeded by Gunnar Berge
Personal details
Born Hanna Kristine Hansen
June 14, 1926
Sandtorg
Died June 23, 2005(2005-06-23) (aged 79)
Arendal
Nationality Norway
Political party Socialist Left Party
Profession Teacher

Hanna Kristine Kvanmo (June 14, 1926 – June 23, 2005) was a Norwegian politician for the Socialist Left Party. She served as a Member of Parliament from 1973 to 1989, representing the county of Nordland, as the first parliamentary leader of the Socialist Left Party 1977–1989, and as a member of the Norwegian Nobel Committee, the five-member committee awarding the Nobel Peace Prize, from 1991 to 2002. From 1993 to 1998, she was the Nobel committee's vice chair. During her term on the Nobel committee, she participated in the decisions to award the Nobel Peace Prize to individuals such as Aung San Suu Kyi, Nelson Mandela, Yasser Arafat and Kofi Annan. She worked for the thoroughly nazified German Red Cross in the ending years of the Second World War, and she was convicted for treason following her repatriation to Norway in 1947.

By profession, she was a teacher.

Early life

Hanna Kvanmo grew up in a working-class family in the Norwegian town Harstad. Her father was a fisherman and her mother was a factory worker. Her parents were divorced, and she was brought up mostly by her mother.[1]

As an 18-year-old (in 1944), Kvanmo joined the German Red Cross as a nursing student. She was stationed for some time on the Eastern Front, and in the last days of the war, she worked as practical nurse in Berlin. After the German defeat, she was interned in the British sector of Germany; she was returned to Norway in late 1947 where she was tried and convicted for treason. She received an 8-month prison sentence and a ten-year suspension of her rights as a citizen; the prison sentence was suspended after an appeal to the Supreme Court. [2]

Her activities during the war were often questioned later in her political career in the Socialist Left Party. She described her perspective and her reasons for joining the German war effort in a book in 1990. The book sold approximately 83,000 copies in Norway, and was considered a best-seller.

After several years as a single mother working as a cleaning lady and cook, she married and passed the university entrance exam (examen artium) with distinction and worked as a gymnasium teacher at Rana Gymnasium from 1962 to 1973.

Career

Kvanmo joined local politics in Rana, and in 1973 she was elected to the Storting, representing the Socialist Left Party (SV). From 1977 she served as the parliamentary leader for the party.In 1975 and 1981 she was also a delegate to the UN general assembly. From 1985-1989, her vararepresentant was Asle Amundsen. She retired from parliament in 1989. From 1991 to 2002, she was a member of the Norwegian Nobel Committee, serving as the committee's vice chairman 1993-1998.

Kvanmo was an opponent of the EU. After her retiring from parliament she moved with her husband to southern Norway and the town of Arendal.

Views

She was highly critical of Egyptian President Anwar Sadat and Israeli Prime Minister Menachem Begin for their efforts of negotiating Israeli-Egyptian peace in the late 1970s.[3] The Socialist Left Party, with Hanna Kvanmo as its leader, was the only party in the Norwegian Parliament that advocated recognizing the Palestine Liberation Organization in the 1980s.[4] She later wished to withdraw the Peace Prize awarded to Israeli Prime Minister Shimon Peres.[5]

Books

  • Derfor (1985)
  • Glis (1986)
  • Dommen (1990)
  • Anders Langes saga (1993, with A. Rygnestad).

References

  1. ^ Hans Fredrik Dahl (2008-07-21). "Dommen over Hanna - Litteratur". Dagbladet.no. Retrieved 2015-06-04. 
  2. ^ "Hanna Kvanmo – Norsk biografisk leksikon". Snl.no. Retrieved 2015-06-04. 
  3. ^ "Norge burde gått mot anti-Israel-resolusjon" (in Norwegian). 29 November 1977. p. 5. Retrieved 11 December 2011. 
  4. ^ "Uendret norsk syn på PLO" (in Norwegian). 11 June 1980. p. 40. Retrieved 11 December 2011. 
  5. ^ "Angrer på fredspris tfl Peres" (in Norwegian). 5 April 2002. p. 27. Retrieved 11 December 2011. 

External links

  • Aftenposten news article on her death, in English
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