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Borough of Halton

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Coordinates: 53°20′42″N 2°43′19″W / 53.345°N 2.722°W / 53.345; -2.722

Halton
Borough and Unitary authority
The Silver Jubilee Bridge at dusk
Motto(s): Latin: Industria Navem Implet
(Industry fills the ships)
Halton shown within Cheshire
Halton shown within Cheshire
Sovereign state  United Kingdom
Constituent country  England
Region North West England
City region Liverpool
Ceremonial county  Cheshire
Settled 12th century
Incorporated 1974 (borough)
  1998 (Unitary authority)
Town Hall Runcorn
Administrative HQ Widnes
Government
 • Type Unitary authority
 • Body Halton Borough Council
 • Leadership Leader and cabinet
 • Executive Labour
 • Leader Rob Polhill
 • Mayor John Bradshaw
 • Chief Executive David Parr
Area[1]
 • Borough 30.53 sq mi (79.08 km2)
Area rank 242nd
Population (mid-2017 est.)[2]
 • Borough 127,600
 • Rank 175th
 • Density 4,180/sq mi (1,613/km2)
Time zone Greenwich Mean Time (UTC+0)
 • Summer (DST) British Summer Time (UTC+1)
Postcode area WA (4, 7, 8)
Dialling code 0151 Widnes and Hale Village, 01928 Runcorn, 01925 Daresbury
ISO 3166 code GB-HAL
GSS code E06000006
NUTS 3 code UKD71
ONS code 00ET
Motorways M56
Major railway stations Runcorn (C1)
MPs Derek Twigg (L)
Mike Amesbury (L)
European Parliament North West England
Police area Cheshire
Fire service Cheshire
Ambulance service North West
Website www.halton.gov.uk

Halton is a local government district in the ceremonial county of Cheshire in North West England, with borough status and administered by a unitary authority. It was created in 1974 as a district of the non-metropolitan county of Cheshire, and became a unitary authority area on 1 April 1998 under Halton Borough Council.[3] Since 2014 it has been a member of the Liverpool City Region Combined Authority. The borough consists of the towns of Runcorn and Widnes and the civil parishes of Hale, Daresbury, Moore, Preston Brook, Halebank and Sandymoor.[4] The district borders Merseyside, Warrington and Cheshire West and Chester. The borough straddles the River Mersey – the area to the north (including Widnes) is historically part of Lancashire, that to the south (including Runcorn) part of Cheshire.

History

Although Halton dates back to the 12th century (and beyond) when land on both sides of the river belonged to the Barony of Halton, the origin of the District Council was the outcome of the local government commission's suggested reforms of England, in 1969, the Redcliffe-Maud Report. This proposed to create metropolitan counties constituted of metropolitan district councils in the most urbanised parts of England. The model was that of the London Boroughs and Greater London Council formed in 1965. Southern Lancashire and northern Cheshire were among these urban areas, and two new metropolitan Counties were to be formed around Liverpool (as Merseyside) and Manchester (as Greater Manchester). However, the towns of Widnes and Runcorn (and the County Borough of Warrington) which lay between these were reluctant to join either. The Commission agreed that Halton and Warrington would become districts within Cheshire, as they would be detached from Lancashire by the two new metropolitan counties controlling the territory to the north.

The district was formally established on 1 April 1974 from Runcorn urban district and part of Runcorn Rural District from Cheshire, and the borough of Widnes and the parish of Hale from the Whiston Rural District in Lancashire. On 1 April 1998 Halton became an independent unitary authority, though it is still served by Cheshire Police and Cheshire Fire and Rescue Service, and forms part of Cheshire for ceremonial purposes, such as the Lord Lieutenancy.

On 1 April 2014 Halton became part of the Liverpool City Region Combined Authority, joining the local authorities of Liverpool, Sefton, Wirral, Knowsley and St Helens, the five metropolitan district councils which constitute the county of Merseyside. This effectively reverses the position adopted in the 1970s which created it as an anomaly. As a unitary authority its status is similar to the metropolitan district councils.[5]

Demographics

Population growth

The population of Halton is 127,600 (mid-2017 est.).[2] The change in population during the 20th century is shown in the following table.

Year 1901 1911 1921 1931 1941 1951 1961 1971 1981 1991 2001 2011
Population 57,755 57,062 61,039 65,309 71,835 79,026 87,168 96,150 121,861 124,915 118,215 125,700
Source: <2011:[6], 2011:[7]

Religion

In the 2011 census, Christianity was the main religion in Halton at 75%, well above the national average for England of 59.4%. 18.7% stated that they had "no religion". Those stating their religions as Buddhist, Hindu, Jewish, Islam or Sikh amounted to 0.8%.[8]

Ethnicity

In the 2011 census, 97.8% of Halton residents identified as White and 2% were Non-White. From the 2011 School Census, the main first language apart from English was Polish.[8]

Governance

Halton Borough Council is a unitary authority responsible for most local government functions within the area. The Labour Party has controlled the council since it was created in 1974.[9]

On 1 April 2014, Halton became one of the six constituent local government districts of the Liverpool City Region under the Combined Authority.[10]

Most of the borough is represented in the House of Commons by the member for Halton but part of the borough to the east of Runcorn is in the Weaver Vale constituency.

Economy

Halton is an industrial and logistics hub with noticeably higher than average levels of employment in manufacturing (particularly of chemicals and advanced manufacturing); energy; wholesale and retail; and transport and storage compared to the average for England.[8] The wages of employees in Halton are slightly higher than the average for England and significantly higher than the average for the North West and the Liverpool City Region.[11]

Business survival rates are also significantly higher than both the regional and national averages.[11]

Twin boroughs

Halton is twinned with:

See also

References

  1. ^ "Standard Area Measurements (2016) for Administrative Areas in the United Kingdom". Office for National Statistics. 1 February 2017. Retrieved 9 February 2017. 
  2. ^ a b "Population Estimates for UK, England and Wales, Scotland and Northern Ireland, Mid-2017". Office for National Statistics. 28 June 2018. Retrieved 28 June 2018. 
  3. ^ "Unitary Authority". Halton Borough Council. Archived from the original on 22 September 2008. Retrieved 19 January 2009. 
  4. ^ "Parish Councils". Halton Borough Council. Retrieved 19 July 2018. 
  5. ^ Clay, Oliver, Halton to become part of Liverpool city region, Runcorn & Widnes Weekly News, archived from the original on 27 July 2011, retrieved 15 January 2009 
  6. ^ Vision of Britain Accessed 4 April 2007
  7. ^ Halton Borough Council: Census and Statistics Accessed 08 August 2017
  8. ^ a b c "2011 Census Halton key statistics profile" (PDF). Halton Borough Council. Retrieved 23 June 2018. 
  9. ^ "Halton". BBC News Online. 19 April 2008. Retrieved 2010-03-03. 
  10. ^ "Proposal to establish a combined authority for Greater Merseyside" (PDF). Department for Communities and Local Government. November 2013. Retrieved 10 December 2013. 
  11. ^ a b "Halton Borough Profile" (PDF). Halton Borough Council. Retrieved 19 July 2018. 
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