Halstead

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Halstead
Halstead, Essex - geograph.org.uk - 151114.jpg
St Andrew's Church, Halstead
Halstead is located in Essex
Halstead
Halstead
Halstead shown within Essex
Population 11,906 (2011)[1]
OS grid reference TL816306
Civil parish
  • Halstead
District
Shire county
Region
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town HALSTEAD
Postcode district CO9
Dialling code 01787
Police Essex
Fire Essex
Ambulance East of England
EU Parliament East of England
UK Parliament
List of places
UK
England
Essex
51°56′42″N 0°38′28″E / 51.9451°N 0.6411°E / 51.9451; 0.6411Coordinates: 51°56′42″N 0°38′28″E / 51.9451°N 0.6411°E / 51.9451; 0.6411

Halstead is a town and civil parish in the Braintree District of Essex in England. It has a population of 11,906.[1] The town lies near Colchester and Sudbury, in the Colne Valley. It initially developed on the hill to the north of the river. The name Halstead is said to derive from the Old English hald (refuge, shelter, healthy) and stede (site, place or farm), meaning "healthy farm", "safe place" or "place of refuge".[2]

Area

Townsford Mill, now the antiques centre

The wide High Street is dominated by the 14th-century church of St Andrew, which was extensively renovated in the Victorian period, but retains much older decoration, including tomb monuments from the 14th century and earlier.

The historic core of Halstead can be observed on a walk up the market hill. A river walk runs through the town from east to west. Just outside the town is Broaks Wood, a popular area for walking owned by the Forestry Commission. Halstead Public Gardens were established in 1900 and are noted for their floral displays. The Antiques Centre has thousands of interesting pieces, ranging from clothing to household items.

Mills

Townsford Mill spans the river at the bottom of the town houses. In 1818, Samuel Courtauld built two mills, Townsford at Halstead and another at Bocking. At the end of 1824, Halstead Mill was sold to Stephen Beuzeville. In 1825, Samuel installed a steam engine at Bocking Mill. An agreement dated 19 January 1825 was drawn up between Beuzeville and Samuel Courtauld and partners for the conversion of Halstead Mill for silk throwing. Beuzeville was to provide the expertise, capital, and supply the silk; Courtauld was to erect the power looms and operate the mill in return for a share in the profits; Beuzeville was to take delivery of the yarn and manufacture the crêpe, on which he was a technical expert with 20 years' experience. The mill appears to have been in operation by the summer of 1825, with Joseph Ash as manager.

The introduction of new technology was important but the mills still remained heavily dependent on manpower, or more accurately, woman-power. The looms required supervision by an army of young female workers and even in 1838, more than 92 per cent of the workforce was female.

In 1827 Stephen Beuzeville was declared bankrupt; a formal deed of sale dated 11 April 1828 was created between the commissioners in bankruptcy and Samuel Courtauld, whereby Halstead Mill (subject to charges of £300) was sold to Courtaulds for a cash payment of £1,500. Stephen and his father joined Courtaulds as employees.[3]

Amenities

Halstead has a library situated in a large open-plan building,[4] which was built in 1864–66 as the corn exchange, and has also housed a technical school. Nearby Moyns Park, a Grade I listed Elizabethan country house, is said to have been where Ian Fleming put the finishing touches on his novel From Russia, with Love.

A historical society holds regular monthly meetings.[5] A town museum attached to the town council offices features some historical artefacts and various objects of local interest. The Empire Theatre in Butler Road hosts occasional bingo nights. Halstead is also home to Hume's Bakery, which opened in 1960, and trades at the same shop today.[6][7]

Notable people

In birth order:

Schools

Halstead is the home to three primary schools known as Holy Trinity, St. Andrew's, and Richard de Clare.

Halstead has one secondary school called The Ramsey Academy (formerly The Ramsey College), which is located to the north of the town centre. Many other secondary schools are within easy travelling distance; most pupils opt for either Sible Hedingham, Braintree or Colchester. The Yellow House School is an independent school for children with special needs, situated in Sible Hedingham.

Places of worship

The Anglican parish church is St Andrew's in Parsonage St. Holy Trinity Church, Halstead was declared redundant in April 1987[8] and is preserved by the Churches Conservation Trust.

Halstead also has a Methodist church,[9] which opened as a Primitive Methodist chapel in 1874.[10] Halstead Baptist Church is in Headington Road[11] and Grace Baptist Church in Colchester Road,[12] as is the Catholic Church of St Francis of Assisi. The United Reformed Church of Halstead is in Kings Road.[13]

Sport

Halstead's largest football club is Halstead Town F.C. The club plays in the 10th tier of the English football league system, in the Eastern Counties Football League Division One.[14]

The town is home to Halstead Cricket Club which fields three teams in the Marshall Hatchick Two Counties Championship. During the 2011 season the club, with the help of club member and former Bangladesh bowling coach Ian Pont brought in Bangladeshi international cricketer Syed Rasel. Other players to have played both first class cricket and for the club include former Essex and Leicestershire man Darren Robinson, international coach Richard Pybus and New Zealand U-19 and Canterbury bowler Matt Henry.[15]

Since 2010 the town has a rugby club called Halstead Templars R.F.C.[16]

See also

References

  1. ^ a b Office for National Statistics : Census 2001 : Population Density, 2011 Retrieved 29 November 2015
  2. ^ Corder-Birch, Adrian. "A brief history of the Essex town of Halstead". Retrieved 29 November 2015. 
  3. ^ Unlocking Essex Retrieved 3 November 2017.
  4. ^ Essex libraries Retrieved 3 November 2017.
  5. ^ Halstead & District Local History Society Retrieved 3 November 2017.
  6. ^ "Humes Bakery - Halstead - Essex | Essex Gourmet". www.essexgourmet.co.uk. Archived from the original on 20 June 2015. Retrieved 20 June 2015. 
  7. ^ http://www.humesbakery.co.uk
  8. ^ Holy Trinity Church, Halstead Online, retrieved 12 March 2011 
  9. ^ Retrieved 3 November 2017.
  10. ^ http://www.myprimitivemethodists.org.uk/page_id__2004.aspx Retrieved 3 November 2017.]
  11. ^ Home page Retrieved 3 November 2017.
  12. ^ Retrieved 3 November 2017.
  13. ^ Halstead churches Retrieved 3 November 2017.
  14. ^ Club history Halstead Town FC
  15. ^ Team site Retrieved 3 November 2017.
  16. ^ Club site Retrieved 3 November 2017.

External links

  • Halstead Then and Now in Old & Current Photography
  • Halstead and District Local History Society Website
  • Halstead Webcam
  • Halstead Residents' Association
  • Halstead Gazette
  • Braintree District Council
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