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Haft Seen traditional table of Nowruz
A "Haft Seen" setting in Tehran, Iran

Haft-Seen also spelled as Haft Sin (Persian: هفت‌سین‎‎, the seven seen's) is a tabletop (sofreh) or (Haft Mewa,هفت میوه, the seven fruit's) arrangement of seven symbolic items traditionally displayed at Nowruz, the Iranian new year. The haft-seen table includes seven items all starting with the letter Seen (letter) (fa) (س) in the Persian alphabet.


The primary Haft-Seen items are:

  1. Sabzeh (سبزه) – wheat, barley, mung bean or lentil sprouts growing in a dish - symbolizing rebirth
  2. Samanu (سمنو) – sweet pudding made from wheat germ – symbolizing affluence
  3. Senjed (سنجد) – dried Persian olive – symbolizing love
  4. Seer (سیر) – garlic – symbolizing the medicine and health
  5. Seeb (سیب) – apple – symbolizing beauty
  6. Somāq (سماق) – sumac fruit – symbolizing (the color of) sunrise
  7. Serkeh (سرکه) – vinegar – symbolizing old-age and patience

Additional items

The following items may also appear on the Haft-Seen table as ornaments or for the sake of completeness. Although some of these items are Persian symbols, they are not the main part of the traditional Haft-Seen.

  • A holy book, usually Qur'an or Avesta
  • Divan-e Hafez, a Persian poetry book
  • a mirror, represents creation
  • a goldfish in a bowl represents life and the end of astral year-picas[further explanation needed]
  • a low brazier full of fire
  • a lamp
  • sprays of cypress or pine
  • pomegranates
  • painted eggs
  • coins as a symbol of wealth
  • candles for each member of the family
  • a bowl of water
  • wheat or bread
  • hyacinth flower


See also

External links

  • Nowruz time (Iranian New Year)
  • Iranian Traditional Tables including Haft-Seen
  • persian haft-seen, photo and history
  • شمارش معکوس تا تحويل سال 1396 شمسی Nowruz Countdown to March 20, 2017
  • MTO Haftseen 2010
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