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A Haft-sin table.

Haft-sin (Persian: هفت‌سین‎; "seven [items beginning with the letter] sin (S)"), also spelled as Haft-seen, is an arrangement of seven symbolic items whose names start with the letter sin in the Persian alphabet.[1][2] It is traditionally displayed at Nowruz, the Iranian New Year's day, which is celebrated on the day of the vernal equinox, marking the beginning of spring on the Northern Hemisphere.


The following are the primary items of Haft-sin, whose Persian names begin with the letter sin in the Persian alphabet.[1][2]

  1. Sabze (سبزه) – wheat, barley, mung bean, or lentil sprouts grown in a dish.
  2. Samanu (سمنو) – sweet pudding made from wheat germ.
  3. Senjed (سنجد) – dried Persian olive.
  4. Serke (سرکه) – vinegar.
  5. Sib (سیب) – apple.
  6. Sir (سیر) – garlic.
  7. Somāq (سماق) – sumac.

Other symbolic items that are typically used to accompany Haft-sin include a mirror, candles, painted eggs, a bowl of water, goldfish, coins, hyacinth, and traditional confectioneries. A "book of wisdom" is also commonly included, which might be the Quran, the Bible, the Avesta, the Šāhnāme of Ferdowsi, or the divān of Hafez.[1]


See also


  1. ^ a b c Campo, Juan Eduardo (2009). "Navruz". Encyclopedia of Islam. Infobase Publishing. pp. 524–525. 
  2. ^ a b "Noruz, manifestation of culture of peace, friendship among societies". Tehran Times. April 7, 2018. 

External links

  • Shahbazi, A. Shapur (March 1, 2012). "HAFT SIN". Encyclopaedia Iranica. XI. pp. 524–526. 
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