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Hadhabani (also: Hadhbani) (Sorani Kurdish: ھەزەبانی‎) was a large medieval Sunni Muslim Kurdish tribe divided into several groups, centered at Arbil, Ushnu and Urmia in central and north-eastern Kurdistan. Their dominion included surrounding areas of Maragha and Urmia to the east, Salmas to the north and parts of Arbil and Mosul to the west.

About 10th century they gradually immigrated northward to the areas around lake Urmia with Ushnu as their summer capital. They ruled the area for a while but later split to a few branches who spread across Azerbaijan (at times Turks still had not invaded Azerbaijan), and Caucasus. Saladin the renowned Muslim ruler was descendant of one of Hadhabani branches.[1]


  • Muhammad son of Bilal, around 906 came in conflicts with Abbasids, eventually retired to Azarbaijan.
  • Jafar son of Shakkoya around 943, Salmas,
  • Mir Abu Hija Musk son of Chako
  • Abu Hidja son of Rabib al Dawla c. 1040 Urmia,
  • Mir Sharraf al-Din Isa son of Musk c. 1045
  • Mir Salar son of Musa c. 1046
  • Mir Abul Hasan Ali son of Musk c. 1046–48
  • Mir Abu Ali al al-Hasan son of Musk 1048–63
  • Mir Abu Hija II, Husain son of Abi Ali Al-Hasan

See also


  1. ^ The New Islamic Dynasties: A Chronological and Genealogical Manual By Clifford Edmund Bosworth. p. 73.

External links

  • Sample of a Hadhabani coin
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