HMS Spitfire (1912)

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HMS Spitfire
Spitfire after having been rammed by the German battleship Nassau during in the Battle of Jutland
History
United Kingdom
Name: HMS Spitfire
Builder: Swan, Hunter & Wigham Richardson, Wallsend
Launched: 23 December 1912
Fate: Sold for scrapping on 9 May 1921
General characteristics
Class and type: Acasta-class destroyer
Length: 267 ft 6 in (81.53 m)
Beam: 27 ft (8.2 m)
Draught: 10 ft 6 in (3.20 m)
Propulsion: Yarrow-type water-tube boilers, Parsons steam turbines
Speed: 29 knots (54 km/h; 33 mph)
Armament:

HMS Spitfire was an Acasta-class destroyer of the Royal Navy which took part in the battle of Jutland in 1916.

Construction

She was launched on 23 December 1912 from the Wallsend yard of Swan, Hunter & Wigham Richardson and joined the Fourth Destroyer Flotilla.[1]

Service during First World War

From the beginning of the First World War, Spitfire and her flotilla were attached to the Grand Fleet.[1]

Battle of Jutland

Amongst the small engagements which happened during the night of 31 May–1 June 1916 during the Battle of Jutland was one between Spitfire and the German battleship Nassau. Spitfire evaded an attempt by Nassau to ram her, but the two ships nevertheless collided and Spitfire was seriously damaged, blast from Nassau's guns demolishing much of her upperworks, but she ripped off a 20 feet (6.1 m) section of the German ship's side plating. Both ships survived to return to port.[2]

Assistance to the hospital ship Rhodesia

Spitfire helped in the rescue of survivors from the hospital/evacuation ship Rhodesia (formerly the Union Castle liner Galway Castle) which was torpedoed 160 miles off Fastnet by the German submarine U-82 on 12 September 1918.

Disposal

Spitfire was sold to Thos W Ward shipbreakers[3] for scrapping on 9 May 1921.[1]

Pennant numbers

Pennant Number[3] From To
H41 6 December 1914   1 January 1918
H1A 1 January 1918 Early 1919
H85 Early 1919 9 May 1921

References

  1. ^ a b c "Destroyers before 1918 at Battleships-Cruisers website". Retrieved 2011-03-18.
  2. ^ The Grand Fleet; Warship Design and Development 1906-1922, D K Brown, 1999, Chatham Publishing, ISBN 1-86176-099-X
  3. ^ a b ""Arrowsmith" List: Royal Navy WWI Destroyer Pendant Numbers". Retrieved 2008-07-01.



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