HC CSKA Moscow

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CSKA Moscow
CSKA Moscow logo.svg
Nickname Red Army, Horses
City Moscow, Russia
League KHL 2008–present
Conference Western
Division Tarasov
Founded 22 December 1946; 73 years ago (1946-12-22)
Home arena CSKA Arena
(capacity: 12,100)
Owner(s) Rosneft
General manager Igor Esmantovich
Head coach Igor Nikitin
Captain Sergey Andronov
Affiliate(s) Zvezda Moscow (VHL)
Krasnaya Armiya (MHL)
Website www.cska-hockey.ru
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Home colours
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Franchise history
HC CSKA Moscow 1960–present
  • CSK MO 1955–1959
  • CDSA 1952–1954
  • CDKA 1946–1951
Current season

HC CSKA Moscow (Russian: ЦСКА Москва, Центральный Спортивный Клуб Армии, Central Sports Club of the Army, Moscow) is a Russian professional ice hockey club based in Moscow. The club is a member of the Tarasov Division in the Kontinental Hockey League (KHL). It is referred to in the West as "Central Red Army" or the "Red Army Team" for its past affiliation with the Soviet Army, popularly known as the Red Army. CSKA won more Soviet championships and European cups than any other team in history. It is owned by Russia's largest oil company, Rosneft, which is in turn majority-owned by the Russian government.

In addition to seven division titles and record four Continental Cups, CSKA has reached the Gagarin Cup Finals thrice, in 2016, 2018 and 2019, winning in the latter. The club also became the first one to win both the Continental Cup and the Gagarin Cup in the same season.

In 2018, after more than 50 seasons at the old Ice Palace, the team moved to a new arena, which is now called CSKA Arena, their present home arena in Moscow.


The club was founded in 1946 as CDKA (Centralnyy Dom Krasnoy Armii – Central House of the Red Army, referring to the Army community centre in Moscow). It was known as CDSA (with Red Army changed to Soviet Army) from 1952 – 1954, as CSK MO (Central Sports Club of the Ministry of Defense) from 1955 – 1959, and acquired its current name in 1960.

As a hockey powerhouse

CSKA won 32 Soviet regular season championships during the Soviet League's 46-year existence, far and away the most in the league's history; no other team won more than five. This included all but six from 1955 to 1989 and 13 in a row from 1977 to 1989. By comparison, no NHL team has won more than five Stanley Cups in a row since the NHL took de facto control of the trophy in 1926.

CSKA was just as dominant in the European Cup. They won all but two titles from 1969 to 1990, including 13 in a row from 1978 to 1990. The team's first coach was Anatoli Tarasov, who would later become famous as the coach of the Soviet national team. Tarasov coached the Red Army Team, either alone or with co-coaches, for most of the time from 1946 to 1975. The team's greatest run came under Viktor Tikhonov, who was coach from 1977 to 1996—serving for most of that time as coach of the national team.

Viktor Tikhonov, who was the Head Coach of the team for 22 years in total

The Red Army Team was able to pull off such a long run of dominance because during the Soviet era, the entire CSKA organization was a functioning division of the Soviet Armed Forces via the Ministry of Defence. Taking full advantage of the fact that all able-bodied Soviet males had to serve in the military, it was literally able to draft the best young hockey players in the Soviet Union onto the team. There was a substantial overlap between the rosters of the Red Army Team and the Soviet national team, which was one factor behind the Soviets' near-absolute dominance of international hockey from the 1950s through the early 1990s. By the late 1980s, however, the long run of Red Army dominance caused a significant dropoff in attendance throughout the league.[1]

One of the most feared lines in hockey history was the KLM Line of the 1980s. The name came from the last names of the three players, Vladimir Krutov, Igor Larionov, and Sergei Makarov. Together with defensemen Viacheslav Fetisov and Alexei Kasatonov, they were known as the Green Unit because they wore green jerseys in practice. The five-man unit formed a dominant force in European hockey throughout the decade. All five players were later permitted to go to the NHL in 1989, with mixed results. Krutov had the shortest NHL career, lasting only one season in Vancouver; Makarov (who won the Calder Memorial Trophy in 1990) and Kasatonov were out of the NHL by 1997; Fetisov and Larionov won the Stanley Cup twice together with Detroit before Fetisov retired in 1998; Larionov would win a third Cup with Detroit in 2002, before retiring from New Jersey in 2004.

Not surprisingly, discipline was quite strict, especially under Tikhonov. His players practiced for as many as 11 months a year, and were confined to training camp (an Army barracks) most of that time even if they were married. However, it became less restrictive after the collapse of the Soviet Union.[1]

At the IIHF Centennial All-Star Team, out of 6 players selected 4 players once played at CSKA Moscow.

CSKA and the NHL

CSKA played 36 games against NHL teams from 1975 to 1991 and finished with a record of 26 wins, 8 losses, and 2 ties. 34 of these games were played in Super Series, including the tour of North America in 1975/1976. The Super Series also introduced eventual Hockey Hall of Fame goaltender Vladislav Tretiak of the CSKA squad to North American ice hockey fans. On New Year's Eve 1975, CSKA played the Montreal Canadiens, widely regarded as the league's finest team (and that year's eventual Stanley Cup winners). The game ended with a 3–3 draw, but was widely hailed as one of the greatest games ever played.

Another memorable game was played on 11 January 1976 against the Philadelphia Flyers, who at the time were the defending Stanley Cup Champions and were known as the "Broad Street Bullies" for their highly physical play. The game was notable for an incident where, after a body check delivered by Philadelphia's Ed Van Impe, the CSKA's top player, Valeri Kharlamov (like Tretiak eventually a Hall of Famer), was left prone on the ice for a minute. CSKA coach Konstantin Loktev pulled his team off the ice in protest that no penalty was called. They were told by NHL president Clarence Campbell to return to the ice and finish the game, which was being broadcast to an international audience, or the Soviet Hockey Federation would not get paid the fee that they were entitled to. They eventually complied and lost the game 4–1.

CSKA Moscow alumni have made a large impact on the NHL; perhaps the largest impact came with the Detroit Red Wings of the mid-1990s. Sergei Fedorov, Vladimir Konstantinov, and Vyacheslav Kozlov had established themselves as key members of the Wings when they were joined by Fetisov and Larionov, forming the Russian Five. These five players would play an integral role in the Wings' consecutive Stanley Cup championships in 1997 and 1998. Dmitri Mironov joined the 1998 squad, following Konstantinov's career-ending injury on 13 June 1997; since Konstantinov was kept on the roster despite his injury, the 1998 squad marks the largest contingent of CSKA veterans (six) to win the Stanley Cup.

Super Series game log: 26–2–8 (home: 2–0–0; road: 24–2–8)

Post-Soviet history

During the late '80s and early '90s CSKA positions significantly weakened. After a conflict with Tikhonov, CSKA major stars including Fetisov, Larionov, Krutov and Kasatonov left the team to make their careers in the NHL. During the 90s they were followed by younger talents like Bure, Fedorov and Samsonov.

CSKA Moscow played a series of exhibitions games, and an all-star game with the American Hockey Association as part of the 1992–93 season.[2]

As For a time in the late 1990s and early 2000s, it was briefly unofficially known as "the Russian Penguins" after the Pittsburgh Penguins bought an interest in the team.[1] The Russian Penguins played 13 games in the International Hockey League as part of the 1993–94 IHL season.

In 1996 after a conflict with management of the club, Tikhonov created his own separate team called HC CSKA that spent two seasons in the Russian Superleague and eventually reunited with the original CSKA in 2002.

CSKA celebrating 2019 Gagarin cup victory

Although CSKA has remained one of the strongest teams in Russia since the dissolution of the Soviet Union, it did not win a title in the KHL or its predecessors until 2015, when the club finished first in the regular season and became Russian champion for the first time in a long time, but failed to win the Gagarin Cup. From 2008 to 2016, the team did not advance past the conference semifinals of the Gagarin Cup playoffs; they missed the playoffs altogether in 2011. In the 2015–16 season, the team advanced all the way to the Gagarin Cup final; however, they lost that series to Metallurg Magnitogorsk in seven games.

In the 2018–19 season, CSKA won its first Gagarin Cup, after beating Avangard Omsk in four games.



Domestic competitions

1st, gold medalist(s) Soviet League Championship (32): 1947–48, 1948–49, 1949–50, 1954–55, 1955–56, 1957–58, 1958–59, 1959–60, 1960–61, 1962–63, 1963–64, 1964–65, 1965–66, 1967–68, 1969–70, 1970–71, 1971–72, 1972–73, 1974–75, 1976–77, 1977–78, 1978–79, 1979–80, 1980–81, 1981–82, 1982–83, 1983–84, 1984–85, 1985–86, 1986–87, 1987–88, 1988–89

1st, gold medalist(s) USSR Cup (12): 1954, 1955, 1956, 1961, 1966, 1967, 1968, 1969, 1973, 1977, 1979, 1988

1st, gold medalist(s) Vysshaya Liga Championship (1): 1996–97

Kontinental Hockey League

1st, gold medalist(s) Gagarin Cup (1): 2018–19

1st, gold medalist(s) Continental Cup (4): 2014–15, 2015–16, 2016–17, 2018–19

1st, gold medalist(s) Opening Cup (1): 2015–16


1st, gold medalist(s) Intercontinental Cup (1): 1971–72

1st, gold medalist(s) IIHF European Cup (20): 1969, 1970, 1971, 1972, 1973, 1974, 1976, 1978, 1979, 1980, 1981, 1982, 1983, 1984, 1985, 1986, 1987, 1988, 1989, 1990

1st, gold medalist(s) Spengler Cup (1): 1991

1st, gold medalist(s) Pajulahti Cup (1): 2005


1st, gold medalist(s) Hockeyades (Vallée de Joux) (2): 2017, 2018

1st, gold medalist(s) Moscow Mayor Cup (4): 2010, 2011, 2013, 2017

Season-by-season KHL record

Note: GP = Games played; W = Wins; L = Losses; OTW = Overtime/Shootout Wins; OTL = Overtime/Shootout Losses; Pts = Points; GF = Goals for; GA = Goals against

Season GP W OTW L OTL Pts GF GA Finish Top Scorer Playoffs
2008–09 56 27 7 11 11 106 176 141 1st, Tarasov Sergei Shirokov (40 points: 17 G, 23 A; 56 GP) Lost in Quarterfinals, 0–3 (Dynamo Moscow)
2009–10 56 22 8 21 5 87 148 135 4th, Bobrov Denis Parshin (43 points: 21 G, 22 A; 56 GP) Lost in Conference Quarterfinals, 0–3 (HC MVD)
2010–11 54 13 7 28 6 59 136 159 5th, Bobrov Jan Marek (40 points: 16 G, 24 A; 51 GP) Did not qualify
2011–12 54 19 3 25 7 70 119 129 4th, Bobrov Sergei Shirokov (47 points: 18 G, 29 A; 53 GP) Lost in Conference Quarterfinals, 1–4 (SKA Saint Petersburg)
2012–13 52 23 13 15 1 96 151 109 1st, Tarasov Alexander Radulov (68 points: 22 G, 46 A; 48 GP) Lost in Conference Semifinals, 1–4 (Dynamo Moscow)
2013–14 54 25 7 20 2 91 130 118 5th, Bobrov Nikolai Prokhorkin (37 points: 19 G, 18 A; 52 GP) Lost in Conference Quarterfinals, 0–4 (SKA Saint Petersburg)
2014–15 60 39 10 9 2 139 207 98 1st, Tarasov Alexander Radulov (71 points: 24 G, 47 A; 46 GP) Lost in Conference Finals, 3–4 (SKA Saint Petersburg)
2015–16 60 38 5 3 14 127 163 87 1st, Tarasov Alexander Radulov (65 points: 23 G, 42 A; 53 GP) Lost in Gagarin Cup Finals, 3–4 (Metallurg Magnitogorsk)
2016–17 60 41 3 8 8 137 183 110 1st, Tarasov Kirill Petrov (37 points: 20 G, 17 A; 53 GP) Lost in Conference Semifinals, 2–4 (Lokomotiv Yaroslavl)
2017–18 56 35 9 11 1 124 175 89 1st, Tarasov Maxim Shalunov (40 points: 20 G, 20 A; 46 GP)
Sergei Shumakov (40 points: 17 G, 23 A; 47 GP)
Kirill Kaprizov (40 points: 15 G, 25 A; 46 GP)
Lost in Gagarin Cup Finals, 1–4 (Ak Bars Kazan)
2018–19 62 43 10 9 0 106 191 75 1st, Tarasov Mikhail Grigorenko (52 points: 17 G, 35 A; 55 GP) Gagarin Cup Champions, 4–0 (Avangard Omsk)

Head coaches


Current roster

Updated 16 July 2019.[3][4]

# Nat Player Pos S/G Age Acquired Birthplace
11 Russia Sergei Andronov (C) RW L 30 2014 Penza, Russian SFSR
88 Russia Artem Blazhiyevsky D L 25 2015 Moscow, Russia
4 Russia Artem Chmykhov D L 22 2016 Kostroma , Russia
6 Sweden Klas Dahlbeck D L 28 2018 Katrineholm, Sweden
46 Russia Kirill Goloshchapov D L 19 2018 Ufa, Russia
25 Russia Mikhail Grigorenko C L 25 2017 Khabarovsk, Russia
5 Russia Marsel Ibragimov D R 22 2017 Kazan, Russia
31 Sweden Lars Johansson G L 32 2017 Avesta, Sweden
21 Russia Sergey Kalinin C L 28 2018 Omsk, Soviet Union
97 Russia Kirill Kaprizov LW L 22 2017 Novokuznetsk, Russia
15 Russia Pavel Karnaukhov LW L 22 2016 Minsk, Belarus
55 Russia Bogdan Kiselevich D L 29 2019 Cherepovets, Russian SFSR
Russia Sergei Lapin LW L 23 2019 Angarsk, Russia
47 Russia Nikita Makeyev D R 21 2017 Moscow, Russia
98 Russia Maxim Mamin C L 25 2018 Moscow, Russia
53 Russia Alexey Marchenko D R 28 2017 Moscow, Russian SFSR
38 Russia Mikhail Naumenkov D L 26 2014 Moscow, Russia
89 Russia Nikita Nesterov (A) D L 26 2017 Chelyabinsk, Russia
71 Russia Konstantin Okulov C/RW L 24 2017 Novosibirsk, Russia
Russia Vladimir Peshekhonov F L 26 2019 Moscow, Russia
22 Russia Alexander Popov C/RW R 39 2016 Angarsk, Russian SFSR
37 Canada Mat Robinson (A) D R 33 2017 Calgary, Alberta, Canada
26 Russia Alexander Romanov D L 20 2018 Moscow, Russia
55 Russia Nikita Rtishchev RW L 19 2018 Elektrostal, Russia
Czech Republic Jiri Sekac LW L 27 2019 Kladno, Czechoslovakia
78 Russia Maxim Shalunov C L 26 2017 Chelyabinsk, Russia
9 Russia Anton Slepyshev RW R 25 2018 Penza, Russia
90 Russia Ilya Sorokin G L 24 2014 Mezhdurechensk, Russia
87 Russia Andrei Svetlakov C L 23 2015 Moscow, Russia
7 Russia Ivan Telegin W L 27 2014 Novokuznetsk, Russia
10 Russia Sergey Tolchinsky LW R 24 2018 Moscow, Russia
19 Canada Linden Vey C R 28 2018 Wakaw, Saskatchewan, Canada

Retired numbers

CSKA have retired four numbers in their history:

CSKA Moscow retired numbers
No Player Position Career Last match date for CSKA
2 Viacheslav Fetisov D 1978–89, 2009 11 December 2009
17 Valeri Kharlamov LW 1967–81 9 July 1981
20 Vladislav Tretiak G 1968–84 22 December 1984
24 Sergei Makarov RW 1978–89 17 March 1989




IIHF Hall-of-Famers



Triple Gold Club


First round draft picks

  • 2009: Mikhail Pashnin (1st overall)
  • 2010: none
  • 2011: Alexander Timirev (3rd overall), Mikhail Grigorenko (8th overall)
  • 2012: Nikita Zadorov (4th overall), Vladislav Boiko (6th overall), Andrei Filonenko (18th overall), Sergei Tolchinsky (28th overall)
  • 2013: Maxim Tretiak (12th overall), Ivan Nikolishin (29th overall)

List of CSKA players selected in the NHL Amateur Draft

List of CSKA players selected in the NHL Entry Draft

Stanley Cup Winners



Note: Only counts if the players or builders have played in the CSKA before the NHL.

Olympic Champions



Canada Cup Winners



NHL Awards

Hart Trophy (NHL MVP)

Lady Byng Memorial Trophy

Calder Memorial Trophy

Ted Lindsay Award

Frank J. Selke Trophy

NHL Plus-Minus Award

Maurice "Rocket" Richard Trophy

Note: Only counts if the players or builders played in the CSKA before the NHL.

All-Star game

NHL All-Star Game


Note: Only counts if the players or builders has played in the CSKA before NHL.

KHL All-Star Game



Franchise scoring leaders

These are the top-ten-point-scorers in franchise history. Figures are updated after each completed Soviet/CIS/IHL/RUS 2/RSL/KHL regular season.

Note: Pos = Position; GP = Games Played; G = Goals; A = Assists; Pts = Points; P/G = Points per game

Awards and trophies

Soviet / Russian MVP

Scoring Champion

Goal Scoring Champion

Soviet / Russian League First Team

Best Line

Best Rookie

See also


  1. ^ a b c Merron, Jeff (14 February 2002). "Russians regroup on other side of the red line". ESPN.com. Retrieved 31 August 2009.
  2. ^ Augustin, Mike (30 January 1993). "American Hockey Association Suspends Operations". Saint Paul Pioneer Press. Saint Paul, Minnesota. pp. 3C.
  3. ^ "Team Roster / CSKA" (in Russian). cska-hockey.ru. Retrieved 25 January 2019.
  4. ^ "CSKA Moscow roster". www.khl.ru. Retrieved 25 January 2019.

External links

  • (in Russian) HC CSKA team website
  • Official Youtube channel
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