H. D. Deve Gowda

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The Honorable
H. D. Deve Gowda
Deve Gowda BNC.jpg
H. D. Deve Gowda
11th Prime Minister of India
In office
1 June 1996 – 21 April 1997
President Shankar Dayal Sharma
Preceded by Atal Bihari Vajpayee
Succeeded by I. K. Gujral
Minister of Home Affairs
In office
1 June 1996 – 29 June 1996
Prime Minister Atal Bihari Vajpayee
Preceded by Murli Manohar Joshi
Succeeded by Indrajit Gupta
14th Chief Minister of Karnataka
In office
11 December 1994 – 31 May 1996
Governor Khurshed Alam Khan
Preceded by Veerappa Moily
Succeeded by Jayadevappa Halappa Patel
Personal details
Born (1933-05-18) 18 May 1933 (age 84)
Haradanahalli, Kingdom of Mysore, British India
(now in Karnataka, India)
Political party Janata Dal (Secular)
Other political
Indian National Congress (1953–1962)
Janata Party (1977–1988) Janata Dal (1988–1999)
Spouse(s) Chennamma (m. 1954)
Children 6; including H. D. Revanna,
H. D. Kumaraswamy
Residence Bangalore, Karnataka, India
Profession Agriculturist, Politician
Website hddevegowda.in

Haradanahalli Doddegowda Deve Gowda (born 18 May 1933)[1] is an Indian politician who has served as the 11th Prime Minister of India from 1 June 1996 to 21 April 1997.[2] Prior to which he was serving as the 14th Chief Minister of Karnataka from 1994 to 1996.

He is a member of the 16th Lok Sabha representing the Hassan constituency of Karnataka, is the National President of the Janata Dal (Secular) party.[3]

Early life and education


Gowda was born on 18 May 1933 in Haradanahalli, a village in Holenarasipura taluk, of the erstwhile Kingdom of Mysore (now in Hassan, Karnataka) into a Vokkaliga caste family, which is categorised as an Other Backward Class by the Indian government.[4][5][6] His father was Dodde Gowda was a paddy farmer and mother, Devamma.[7][8]


He earned a diploma in civil engineering from L. V. Polytechnic, Hassan, in the late 1950s.[9] He married Chennamma in 1954. They have six children together: four sons including politician H. D. Revanna and H. D. Kumaraswamy and two daughters.[10]

Political career

Joining of Congress

Gowda joined the Indian National Congress party in 1953 and remained a member until 1962. During that period, he was President of Anjaneya Cooperative Society of Holenarasipura and later became a member of the Taluk Development Board of Holenarasipura.

In 1962, Gowda was elected to the Karnataka Legislative Assembly from Holenarasipura constituency as an independent candidate. Later, he was elected from the same constituency to the Assembly for six consecutive terms from 1962 to 1989. He joined the Congress(O) during the Congress split and served as the Leader of Opposition in the Assembly from March 1972 to March 1976 and again from November 1976 to December 1977.[11] During the Emergency (1975–77), he was imprisoned in the Bangalore Central Jail.

In Janata Party

Gowda was twice the President of state unit of the Janata Party. He served as a minister in the Janata Party Government in Karnataka headed by Ramakrishna Hegde from 1983 to 1988. He became President of the state unit of Janata Dal in 1994 and was the driving force behind the victory of the party in the 1994 State Assembly elections. He was elected from the Ramanagara sworn in as the 14th Chief Minister of Karnataka in December.

In January 1995, Gowda toured Switzerland and attended the Forum of International Economists. His tour to Singapore brought in foreign investment to the State.[1]

As a Prime Minister

In the 1996 general elections, the Congress party headed by P. V. Narasimha Rao lost decisively but no other party won enough seats to form a government. When the United Front (a conglomeration of non-Congress and non-BJP regional parties) decided to form the Government at the Centre with the support of the Congress, Deve Gowda was unexpectedly chosen to head the government and became the 11th Prime Minister of India.[3] He took over as Prime Minister of India on 1 June 1996 and continued until 11 April 1997. Also, he was the Chairman of the Steering Committee of the United Front, the policy making apex body of all the constituents of the ruling front.[3]

Janata Dal (Secular)

Deve Gowda inaugurating a function.

The Janata Dal (Secular) traces its roots back to the Janata Party founded by Jayaprakash Narayan who united all the opposition parties under one banner for the 1977 national elections.

The Janata Dal was formed on the merger of the Janata Party with smaller opposition parties in 1988. Vishwanath Pratap Singh became the first Prime Minister of India from Janata Dal when he headed the National Front government in 1989. Later Deve Gowda and Inder Kumar Gujral too became prime ministers heading the United Front (UF) coalition governments in 1996 and 1997 respectively.

In 1999, when some senior leaders of the party decided to join hands with the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP)-led NDA, the party split into factions. Many leaders, including Madhu Dandawate, joined the Janata Dal (Secular) faction headed by Deve Gowda, who became the National president of this faction.

He was defeated in the 1999 general elections but staged a comeback by winning the Kanakapura By-elections in 2002.

The 2004 elections in Karnataka witnessed the revival of his party’s fortunes with the Janata Dal (Secular) winning 58 seats and becoming a part of the ruling coalition in the state. Later, the party joined with the BJP and formed an alternate government in 2006. His son H. D. Kumaraswamy headed the BJP-JD(S) coalition government in the state for 20 months.[12][13] In the 2008 state elections, the party performed poorly and won just 28 seats but has remained a significant force in the South Karnataka.

Deve Gowda is criticized to have favored his family and transformed JDS party into 'Father-Son' party.[14] In 2004, when JDS and congress coalition government came to power in Karnataka state, Siddaramaiah was front runner for CM position. But Deve Gowda supported congress candidate N. Dharam Singh, instead of his party leader Siddaramaiah.[15] This was to relegate Siddaramaiah within the JDS party. Later in 2006, Deve Gowda's son H. D. Kumaraswamy split the coalition and joined hands with BJP to form the government, in which H. D. Kumaraswamy was the CM.[16] This political coup was masterminded by Deve Gowda [17] to undermine Siddaramaiah who had served Janata parivar for almost four decades.

Deve Gowda expelled Siddaramaiah and CM Ibrahim JDS party, because Siddaramaiah led AHINDA[18][19][20] movement; representing minority, backward and dalit people in the Karnataka state.[21] Later, both Siddaramaiah and CM Ibrahim joined congress party,[22] which won 2013 vidhana sabha election. Siddaramaiah was elected as the Chief Minister of Karnataka state in 2013.[23]

In 2008, JDS did not transfer the power to BJP with B. S. Yeddyurappa as CM in accord to the initial negotiation.[24][25][26] This led to major setback for JDS in 2008 vidhana sabha election, JDS received only 28 seats[27] compared to 58 seats[28] in the 2004 vidhana sabha election. Since B. S. Yeddyurappa is from Lingayath community, largest in the Karnataka state, many leaders in JDS from Lingayath community such as M.P. Prakash quit the party.[29] B. S. Yeddyurappa was elected as the Chief Minister of Karnataka state in 2008.[30] Deve Gowda abused B. S. Yeddyurappa, who was then chief minister of Karnataka.[31][32] This event was termed as "new low in Indian politics".[33] Gowda later apologied for hurling abuse at the chief minister of Karnataka.[34]

Both B. S. Yeddyurappa and Siddaramaiah betrayed by Deve Gowda eventually became Chief Minister of Karnataka state. JDS party led by Deve Gowda has not made impact in Karnataka politics since 2008.[35][36][37][38][39]

Positions held

  • 1962–89 : Member, Karnataka Legislative Assembly (seven terms)
  • 1972–76 : Leader of Opposition, Karnataka Legislative Assembly
  • 1983–88 : Minister for Public Works and Irrigation, Government of Karnataka
  • 1991 : Elected to 10th Lok Sabha
  • 1991–94 : Member, Committee on Commerce
    • Member, Joint Parliamentary Committee on Fertilizers
    • Member, Consultative Committee, Ministry of Agriculture
  • 1994 : President, Janata Dal, Karnataka.
  • 1994–96 : Chief Minister of Karnataka
  • Jun. 1996 – Apr. 1997 : Prime Minister of India and also in charge of Ministries/Departments of Petroleum and Chemicals, Personnel, Public Grievances and Pensions, Atomic Energy, Home Affairs, Agriculture, Food Processing Industries, Urban Affairs and Employment and Non-Conventional Energy Sources
  • 1996–98 : Member, Rajya Sabha
  • Nov. 1996-Apr. 1997 : Leader of the House, Rajya Sabha
  • 1998  : Re-elected to 12th Lok Sabha (2nd term).
  • 2002 : Re-elected to 13th Lok Sabha in a by-election (3rd term)
  • 2004 : Re-elected to 14th Lok Sabha (4th term)
  • 2006–2008 : Member, Committee on Railways
  • 2009 : Re-elected to 15th Lok Sabha (5th term)
  • 31 Aug 2009 : Member, Committee on Defence
  • 2014 : Re-elected to 16th Lok Sabha (6th term)
  • 1 Sep 2014 - : Member, Standing Committee on Defence

Source= [40]

See also


  1. ^ a b "Shri H. D. Deve Gowda". pmindia.gov.in. Retrieved 4 August 2012. 
  2. ^ "Britannica article". Retrieved 2014-10-16. 
  3. ^ a b c "JDS Leader: H. D. Deve Gowda Profile". janata.in. Archived from the original on 25 September 2010. Retrieved 11 June 2017. 
  4. ^ "The office of Prime Minister: A largely north Indian upper-caste, Hindu affair". 
  5. ^ http://www.ndtv.com/india-news/caste-based-politics-has-to-end-in-karnataka-deve-gowda-491714
  6. ^ http://www.rediff.com/news/2008/apr/21spec.htm
  7. ^ "Asiaweek article". Retrieved 2007-09-30. 
  8. ^ "New Indian Express article". Retrieved 2014-03-28. 
  9. ^ "Deve Gowda goes down memory lane". The Hindu. 2 February 2009. Retrieved 11 June 2017. 
  10. ^ Baweja, Harinder (31 January 1997). "The taste of power". India Today. Retrieved 11 June 2017. 
  11. ^ "Janata Dal (Secular)". Janatadalsecular.org.in. Retrieved 2012-08-04. 
  12. ^ "Janata Dal Secular". Janata.in. Retrieved 2012-08-04. 
  13. ^ "Janata Dal (Secular)". Janatadalsecular.org.in. Retrieved 2012-08-04. 
  14. ^ "'Can anyone better my son HDK?'". Deccan Chronicle. Retrieved 2013-05-12. 
  15. ^ "A coalition of rivals". Retrieved 2013-05-12. 
  16. ^ "H.D. Kumaraswamy becomes Karnataka CM, may face problems from coalition partner BJP : STATES - India Today". India Today - Breaking News from India, World, Business and Politics. Retrieved 2013-05-12. 
  17. ^ "Siddaramaiah demands expulsion of Gowda". Oneindia News. Retrieved 2013-05-12. 
  18. ^ "Siddaramaiah under pressure to revive AHINDA". The Hindu. 2006-06-23. Retrieved 2017-10-13. 
  19. ^ "AHINDA leaders divided over Siddaramaiah's likely pact with BJP". The Hindu. 2009-01-07. Retrieved 2017-10-13. 
  20. ^ "'Ahinda movement will be strengthened to prevent Dalits from joining Hindutva fold'". The Times of India. 2017-07-24. Retrieved 2017-10-13. 
  21. ^ "JD(S) to expel Siddaramaiah, Ibrahim". The Hindu. Retrieved 2013-05-12. 
  22. ^ "Siddaramaiah joins Congress". Hindustan Times. Retrieved 2013-05-12. 
  23. ^ "Siddaramaiah to be sworn-in as Karnataka Chief Minister on Monday". NDTV.com. Retrieved 2013-05-12. 
  24. ^ "BJP's assessment of JD(S) was wrong: Venkaiah Naidu". CNN-IBN. Retrieved 2013-05-12. 
  25. ^ "JDS did not betray BJP, says Kumaraswamy". India - DNA. Retrieved 2013-05-12. 
  26. ^ "BJP says its Betrayal withdraws Support to JDS in Karnataka". Daijiworld. Retrieved 2013-05-12. 
  27. ^ "Karnataka Assembly Election Results 2008". Elections in India. Retrieved 2013-05-12. 
  28. ^ "Karnataka Assembly Election Results 2004". Elections in India. Retrieved 2013-05-12. 
  29. ^ "Prakash-led rebel group quits JD-S in Karnataka". Monsters and Critics. Retrieved 2013-05-12. 
  30. ^ "Yeddyurappa sworn-in as Karnataka Chief Minister". Oneindia News. Retrieved 2013-05-12. 
  31. ^ "Former PM Deve Gowda abuses Karnataka CM". DNA India. 2010-01-10. Retrieved 2017-10-13. 
  32. ^ "'Former PM Gowda calls CM Yeddyurappa a bloody bastard'". The Times of India. 2010-01-11. Retrieved 2017-10-13. 
  33. ^ "'New low in politics, Gowda abuses Yeddyurappa'". NDTV. 2010-01-10. Retrieved 2017-10-13. 
  34. ^ "'Deve Gowda abuses Yeddyurappa, then says sorry'". Rediff.com. 2010-01-10. Retrieved 2017-10-13. 
  35. ^ "JD(S), SDPI will have no impact in DK: Ramanath Rai". Coastaldigest.com - The Trusted News Portal of India, Coastal Karnataka Latest news from Mangalore, Udupi, Bhatkal cities. Retrieved 2013-05-12. 
  36. ^ "Congress Party Sweeps BJP in Karnataka Elections". The Diplomat. Retrieved 2013-05-12. 
  37. ^ "Seven years later, Congress secures thumping victory in Karnataka : Assembly Elections 2013, News - India Today". Retrieved 2013-05-12. 
  38. ^ "Karnataka election results 2013: Have political fortunes really changed? - The Times of India". Retrieved 2013-05-12. 
  39. ^ "Siddaramaiah sworn in as Karnataka Chief Minister". Retrieved 2013-05-13. 
  40. ^

External links

  • Official website
  • Prime Minister H. D. Deve Gowda Prime Ministers Office, Archived
Political offices
Preceded by
Atal Bihari Vajpayee
Prime Minister of India
Succeeded by
Inder Kumar Gujral
Party political offices
Preceded by
Leader of the Janata Dal (Secular) Party in the 16th Lok Sabha
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