Gwilym Lloyd George, 1st Viscount Tenby

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The Right Honourable
The Viscount Tenby
TD PC
Gwilym Lloyd George 1922.jpg
Home Secretary
In office
19 October 1954 – 14 January 1957
Prime Minister Winston Churchill
Anthony Eden
Preceded by Sir David Maxwell Fyfe
Succeeded by Rab Butler
Minister of Fuel and Power
In office
3 June 1942 – 26 July 1945
Prime Minister Winston Churchill
Preceded by Office established
Succeeded by Manny Shinwell
Personal details
Born (1894-12-04)4 December 1894
Criccieth
Died 14 February 1967(1967-02-14) (aged 72)
Nationality Welsh
Political party Liberal
Liberal and Conservative
Spouse(s) Edna Gwenfrom Jones
(d. 1971)
Alma mater Jesus College, Cambridge

Major Gwilym Lloyd-George, 1st Viscount Tenby, TD, PC (4 December 1894 – 14 February 1967) was a British politician and cabinet minister. A younger son of Prime Minister David Lloyd George, he served as Home Secretary from 1954 to 1957.

Background, education and military service

Born at Criccieth in north Wales, Lloyd George was the second son of Liberal Prime Minister David Lloyd George and his first wife, Margaret, daughter of Richard Owen. His sister Megan was also active in politics, but the two moved in opposite political directions – Gwilym to the right, towards the Conservatives, and Megan to the left, eventually joining the Labour Party.

Educated at Eastbourne College and Jesus College, Cambridge, Lloyd George was commissioned into the Royal Welch Fusiliers in 1914. In 1915 he became Aide-de-Camp to Major-General Ivor Phillips, commander of the 38th (Welsh) Division. He transferred to the Anti-Aircraft branch of the Royal Garrison Artillery in 1916 and rose to the rank of Major, being known for most of his political career as Major Lloyd George. He was also mentioned in dispatches.

Political career

Lloyd George was Liberal Member of Parliament (MP) for Pembrokeshire from 1922 to 1924 and again from 1929 to 1950 (though by the late 1940s he was in effect an Independent Liberal in alliance with the Conservatives). It was after the death of his father in 1945 that Gwilym began hyphenating his surname as Lloyd-George.

From 1951-57 he was Liberal and Conservative MP (see National Liberal) for Newcastle upon Tyne North. He was Parliamentary Secretary to the Board of Trade in 1931 and again from 1939 to 1941, and Parliamentary Secretary to the Ministry of Food 1941–1942.

He was Minister of Fuel and Power 1942–1945, Minister of Food 1951–1954, and Home Secretary and Minister for Welsh Affairs from 1954 until his retirement in 1957, when he was raised to the peerage as Viscount Tenby, of Bulford in the County of Pembroke. In 1955, during his time as Home Secretary, he had refused to commute the death sentence imposed on Ruth Ellis; she was the last woman to be executed in the UK.

Family

Lord Tenby married Edna Gwenfron, daughter of David Jones, in 1921. They had two children: David Lloyd George, 2nd Viscount Tenby (1922–1983), and William Lloyd George, 3rd Viscount Tenby (b. 1927). He died in February 1967, aged 72, and was succeeded by his eldest son, David. Lady Tenby died in 1971.

Further reading

  • Sweeting, Andrew. entry in Dictionary of Liberal Biography Brack et al. (eds.) Politico's Publishing, 1998
  • J. Graham Jones, A breach in the family: the defection from the Liberal Party of Megan and Gwilym Lloyd George
  • Morgan, K.O., ‘George, Gwilym Lloyd-, first Viscount Tenby (1894–1967)’, Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, rev. first published 2004; online edn, Jan 2011.

References

External links

  • Hansard 1803–2005: contributions in Parliament by the Viscount Tenby
Parliament of the United Kingdom
Preceded by
Evan Jones
Member of Parliament for Pembrokeshire
1922–1924
Succeeded by
Charles Price
Preceded by
Charles Price
Member of Parliament for Pembrokeshire
1929–1950
Succeeded by
Desmond Donnelly
Preceded by
Sir Cuthbert Headlam
Member of Parliament for Newcastle upon Tyne North
1951–1957
Succeeded by
William Elliott
Political offices
Preceded by
Robert Boothby
Parliamentary Secretary to the Ministry of Food
1940–1942
Succeeded by
William Mabane
New title
Split off from Board of Trade
Minister of Fuel and Power
1942–1945
Succeeded by
Emanuel Shinwell
Preceded by
Maurice Webb
Minister of Food
1951–1954
Succeeded by
Derick Heathcoat-Amory
as Minister of Agriculture, Fisheries and Food
Preceded by
Sir David Maxwell Fyfe
Home Secretary
1954–1957
Succeeded by
Rab Butler
Peerage of the United Kingdom
New creation Viscount Tenby
1957–1967
Succeeded by
David Lloyd George
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