Gullmarn

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  (Redirected from Gullmarsfjorden)
Gullmarn
  • Gullmarsfjorden
  • Gullmaren
Gullbritt på fjorden.jpg
Car ferry on Gullmarn fjord
Gullmarn is located in Västra Götaland
Gullmarn
Gullmarn
Location of Gullmarn in Västra Götaland
Location Västra Götaland County, Sweden
Coordinates 58°15′N 11°26′E / 58.250°N 11.433°E / 58.250; 11.433Coordinates: 58°15′N 11°26′E / 58.250°N 11.433°E / 58.250; 11.433
Type Fjord
Primary inflows Saltkälle fjord, Fjärrlev fjord
River sources Örekilsälven
Primary outflows Skagerrak
Average depth 45 m (148 ft)[1]
Max. depth 125 m (410 ft)[1]
Frozen shallow parts Jan-Feb
Islands
  • Skaftö
  • Lindholmen
  • Stora Bornö
  • Lilla Bornö
Settlements Lysekil

Gullmarn, also known as Gullmarsfjorden or Gullmaren, is a threshold fjord in the middle of the Bohuslän Archipelago on the west coast of Sweden. It is the largest of the Bohuslän fjords[2] with a length of 25 km (16 mi) and a width ranging from 1–3 km (0.62–1.86 mi).[1] At its mouth, the depth is 45 m (148 ft), plunging to 125 m (410 ft) at its greatest depth near Alsbäck.[2] The name "Gullmarn" means "God's sea" and comes from Old Norse.[3] At its northern end the fjord branches into the Färlev and Saltkälle fjords.

Its shoreline has steep rock walls marked by many valleys containing streams and rivers. Deeply cut ravines are typical[2] and steep cliffs alternate with sandy beaches and meadows.[1]

The fjord was designated as Sweden's first marine conservation area in 1983.[2] The nature reserve covers 16,499 ha (164.99 km2) and parts of several municipalities. Because of the varying depths of the fjord the marine wildlife is abundant and diverse. There are many unique marine animals that are not found in the more shallow areas of the fjord.[2] The shallow waters also provide habitat for a broad range of bird species. Three scientific research stations have been established in the conservation area.[1]

See also

References

  1. ^ a b c d e "Gullmarn" (in Swedish). Gothenburg, Sweden: Länsstyrelsen Västra Götalands län. Retrieved 8 January 2016. 
  2. ^ a b c d e "Gullmarn" (in Swedish). Uddevalla, Sweden: Uddevalla Natur- och kulturguide. 29 April 2015. Retrieved 8 January 2016. 
  3. ^ Hellquist, Elof (1922). "Svensk etymologisk ordbok" (in Swedish). p. 210. Retrieved 8 January 2016. 

External links


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