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The Gugadja, also written Kukatja, are an indigenous Australian people of Western Australia.


The Gugadja's traditional lands were, according to Norman Tindale,[a] roughly 11,900 square miles (31,000 km2), centering around Lake Gregory, and running east as far as Balgo. The northern frontier lay about Billiluna, and the waters at Ngaimangaima, a boundary marker between their northern neighbours the Dyaru, ansd the Ngardi to their east. They were present westerwards on the Canning Stock Route, from Koninara (Godfrey Tank) to Marawuru (Well 40). On their western borders were the Nangatara, with whom they had a hostile relationship.[2]

Ethnographic studies

Sylvie Poirier has written a monograph dedicated to the analysis of dreams (kapukurri) in Gugadja culture.[3] Many Gugadja now live in the Mulan community

Alternative names

  • Bedengo. ('rock hole people', suggesting their shiftlessness)
  • Bidong, Bidungo
  • Bunara, Boonara
  • Gogada
  • Gogadja, Gugudja
  • Gogoda, Gugadja
  • Ilbaridja
  • Julbaritja (fromjulbari (south).)
  • Julbre
  • Kokatja
  • Kukuruba.(of Ngalia tribe)
  • Manggai (southern toponym, a watering place)
  • Nambulatji
  • Panara. (grass seed harvesters)
  • Pardoo. (of western Gugadja bands)
  • Peedona, Peedong, Pidung, Pidunga
  • Wanaeka
  • Wangatjunga, Wangatunga, Wangkatunga, Wangkadjungga, Wankutjunga
  • Wangkatjunga.(southern Gugadja bands)
  • Wangu

Source: Tindale 1974, pp. 245–246


  1. ^ Tindale's estimates particularly for the peoples of the Western desert are not considered to be accurate.[1]


  1. ^ Tonkinson 1989, p. 101.
  2. ^ Tindale 1974, p. 245.
  3. ^ Poirier 2005.


  • "AIATSIS map of Indigenous Australia". AIATSIS.
  • McGregor, William B. (1999). "Kukatja Ethno-Physiology and Medicine: A Review Article". Anthropos. 4 (1/3): 224–228. JSTOR 40465706.
  • Peile, Anthony Rex (1996). "Kukatja Botanical Terms and Concepts". In McGregor, William B. Studies in Kimberley Languages in Honour of Howard Coate. München: Lincom Europa. pp. 71–115.
  • Peile, Anthony Rex (1997). Bindon, Peter, ed. Body and Soul. An Aboriginal View. Hesperian Press. ISBN 978-0-859-05233-7.
  • Poirier, Sylvie (2005). A World of Relationships: Itineraries, Dreams, and Events in the Australian Western Desert. University of Toronto Press. ISBN 978-0-802-08414-9.
  • "Tindale Tribal Boundaries" (PDF). Department of Aboriginal Affairs, Western Australia. September 2016.
  • Tindale, Norman Barnett (1974). "Kokatja (WA)". Aboriginal Tribes of Australia: Their Terrain, Environmental Controls, Distribution, Limits, and Proper Names. Australian National University. ISBN 978-0-708-10741-6.
  • Tonkinson, Robert (1989). "Local Organisation and Land Tenure in the Karlamilyi (Rudall River) Region" (PDF). In Western Desert Working Group. The significance of the Karlamilyi Region to the Martujarra people of the Western Desert. Perth: Department of Conservation and Land Management. pp. 99–259.
  • Valiquette, Hilaire (1993). A Basic Kukatja to English Dictionary [Kukatja/English]. Luurnpa Catholic School. ISBN 978-0-646-12453-7.
  • Worms, Ernest A. (January–June 1950). "Feuer und Feuerzeuge in Sage und Brauch der Nordwest-Australier". Anthropos. 45 (1/3): 145–164. JSTOR 40450834.
  • Worms, Ernest A. (May–August 1952). "Djamar and His Relation to Other Culture Heroes". Anthropos. 47 (1/3): 539–560. JSTOR 40449676.
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