Guadalupe County, New Mexico

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Guadalupe County, New Mexico
Guadalupe Courthouse New.jpg
Guadalupe County Courthouse in Santa Rosa
Map of New Mexico highlighting Guadalupe County
Location in the U.S. state of New Mexico
Map of the United States highlighting New Mexico
New Mexico's location in the U.S.
Founded February 26, 1891
Seat Santa Rosa
Largest city Santa Rosa
Area
 • Total 3,032 sq mi (7,853 km2)
 • Land 3,030 sq mi (7,848 km2)
 • Water 1.1 sq mi (3 km2), 0.04%
Population
 • (2010) 4,687
 • Density 1.5/sq mi (1/km²)
Congressional district 2nd
Time zone Mountain: UTC-7/-6
The older section of Guadalupe County Courthouse, which was built in 1909, adjoins the newer section.

Guadalupe County is a county in the U.S. state of New Mexico. As of the 2010 census, the population was 4,687,[1] making it the fifth-least populous county in New Mexico. Its county seat is Santa Rosa.[2]

History

Guadalupe County was named after Nuestra Señora de Guadalupe (Our Lady of Guadalupe) or after the Mesita de Guadalupe (Guadalupe Plain). The county was created from the southern portion of San Miguel County February 26, 1891 by an act of the New Mexico Territorial Legislature. The original county seat was Puerto De Luna, but was moved north to Santa Rosa in 1903. That same year, after the popular Spanish–American War of 1898, the county's name was changed to Leonard Wood County after the Presidential physician, Major-General in the Rough Riders, and winner of the Medal of Honor. The name was later changed back to Guadalupe County.[3] The County contains whole, or parts of, several previous Spanish land grants to include the Aqua Negra, the Jose Perea, the Anton Chico, and the Preston Beck land grants.[4]

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 3,032 square miles (7,850 km2), of which 3,030 square miles (7,800 km2) is land and 1.1 square miles (2.8 km2) (0.04%) is water.[5]

Adjacent counties

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1910 10,927
1920 8,015 −26.6%
1930 7,027 −12.3%
1940 8,646 23.0%
1950 6,772 −21.7%
1960 5,610 −17.2%
1970 4,969 −11.4%
1980 4,496 −9.5%
1990 4,156 −7.6%
2000 4,680 12.6%
2010 4,687 0.1%
Est. 2016 4,376 [6] −6.6%
U.S. Decennial Census[7]
1790-1960[8] 1900-1990[9]
1990-2000[10] 2010-2013[1]

2000 census

As of the census[11] of 2000, there were 4,680 people, 1,655 households, and 1,145 families residing in the county. The population density was 2 people per square mile (1/km²). There were 2,160 housing units at an average density of 1 per square mile (0/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 54.06% White, 1.32% Black or African American, 1.13% Native American, 0.53% Asian, 0.04% Pacific Islander, 39.06% from other races, and 3.85% from two or more races. 81.22% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 1,655 households out of which 33.80% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 49.50% were married couples living together, 14.30% had a female householder with no husband present, and 30.80% were non-families. 27.90% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.50% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.51 and the average family size was 3.05.

In the county, the population was spread out with 24.40% under the age of 18, 9.20% from 18 to 24, 30.70% from 25 to 44, 21.90% from 45 to 64, and 13.80% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 121.50 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 126.30 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $24,783, and the median income for a family was $28,279. Males had a median income of $22,463 versus $18,500 for females. The per capita income for the county was $11,241. About 18.10% of families and 21.60% of the population were below the poverty line, including 24.10% of those under age 18 and 19.40% of those age 65 or over.

2010 census

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 4,687 people, 1,766 households, and 1,114 families residing in the county.[12] The population density was 1.5 inhabitants per square mile (0.58/km2). There were 2,393 housing units at an average density of 0.8 per square mile (0.31/km2).[13] The racial makeup of the county was 70.4% white, 1.9% American Indian, 1.7% black or African American, 1.3% Asian, 21.4% from other races, and 3.3% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 79.6% of the population.[12] In terms of ancestry, 8.3% were German, and 2.4% were American.[14]

Of the 1,766 households, 30.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 40.9% were married couples living together, 15.2% had a female householder with no husband present, 36.9% were non-families, and 32.4% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.33 and the average family size was 2.93. The median age was 40.1 years.[12]

The median income for a household in the county was $28,488 and the median income for a family was $37,535. Males had a median income of $36,494 versus $23,984 for females. The per capita income for the county was $13,710. About 21.7% of families and 28.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 46.7% of those under age 18 and 27.4% of those age 65 or over.[15]

Communities

City

Town

Census-designated places

Politics

Presidential Elections Results[16]
Year Republican Democratic Third Parties
2016 32.6% 595 53.1% 970 14.3% 262
2012 26.1% 557 69.7% 1,488 4.2% 90
2008 28.2% 620 70.9% 1,557 0.9% 19
2004 40.3% 914 59.1% 1,340 0.6% 13
2000 33.2% 548 65.2% 1,076 1.6% 27
1996 25.1% 436 69.6% 1,208 5.3% 92
1992 32.9% 691 58.3% 1,225 8.9% 186
1988 40.6% 861 58.7% 1,243 0.7% 15
1984 50.4% 990 48.1% 946 1.5% 30
1980 49.7% 1,065 45.7% 980 4.7% 100
1976 42.7% 1,047 56.2% 1,379 1.1% 27
1972 51.4% 1,297 47.6% 1,202 1.0% 26
1968 51.4% 1,176 44.9% 1,027 3.7% 84
1964 39.0% 1,058 60.8% 1,649 0.2% 6
1960 43.8% 1,242 56.1% 1,589 0.1% 3
1956 56.2% 1,529 43.7% 1,191 0.1% 3
1952 53.9% 1,575 46.1% 1,347
1948 50.2% 1,565 49.8% 1,550
1944 51.7% 1,649 48.3% 1,539
1940 46.5% 1,807 53.5% 2,082
1936 44.8% 1,775 55.1% 2,187 0.1% 4
1932 45.8% 1,621 53.9% 1,909 0.3% 12
1928 61.1% 1,718 38.9% 1,093
1924 51.8% 1,329 41.2% 1,056 7.0% 179
1920 56.3% 1,599 43.1% 1,224 0.6% 17
1916 46.9% 1,067 51.5% 1,172 1.6% 36
1912 39.2% 651 45.8% 761 15.1% 250

See also

References

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved September 29, 2013. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on May 31, 2011. Retrieved June 7, 2011. 
  3. ^ Bowden, J. J. "Guadalupe County". Office of the State Historian. Retrieved December 16, 2011. 
  4. ^ "Guadalupe Co. History". The New Mexico GenWeb Project. Retrieved December 16, 2011. 
  5. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Archived from the original on January 1, 2015. Retrieved January 2, 2015. 
  6. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017. 
  7. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on May 12, 2015. Retrieved January 2, 2015. 
  8. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved January 2, 2015. 
  9. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 2, 2015. 
  10. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 2, 2015. 
  11. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on September 11, 2013. Retrieved January 31, 2008. 
  12. ^ a b c "DP-1 Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2016-01-24. 
  13. ^ "Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - County". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2016-01-24. 
  14. ^ "DP02 SELECTED SOCIAL CHARACTERISTICS IN THE UNITED STATES – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2016-01-24. 
  15. ^ "DP03 SELECTED ECONOMIC CHARACTERISTICS – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2016-01-24. 
  16. ^ http://uselectionatlas.org/RESULTS

External links

Coordinates: 34°52′N 104°47′W / 34.86°N 104.78°W / 34.86; -104.78

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