Greencastle, Indiana

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Greencastle, Indiana
City
City of Greencastle
City hall
City hall
Location of Greencastle in Putnam County, Indiana.
Location of Greencastle in Putnam County, Indiana.
Coordinates: 39°38′32″N 86°51′22″W / 39.64222°N 86.85611°W / 39.64222; -86.85611Coordinates: 39°38′32″N 86°51′22″W / 39.64222°N 86.85611°W / 39.64222; -86.85611
Country United States
State Indiana
County Putnam
Township Greencastle
Government
 • Type Mayor–council
 • Mayor Bill Dory
 • Clerk-treasurer Lynda Dunbar
 • City council Greencastle Common Council
Area[1]
 • Total 5.29 sq mi (13.71 km2)
 • Land 5.24 sq mi (13.58 km2)
 • Water 0.05 sq mi (0.13 km2)
Elevation[2] 843 ft (257 m)
Population (2010)[3]
 • Total 10,326
 • Estimate (2016)[4] 10,508
 • Density 2,004.58/sq mi (773.97/km2)
Time zone EST (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
ZIP code 46135
Area code(s) 765
FIPS code 18-29358
GNIS feature ID 435428
Website http://www.cityofgreencastle.com

Greencastle is a city in Greencastle Township, Putnam County, Indiana, United States, and the county seat of Putnam County.[5] It was founded in 1821 by Ephraim Dukes on a land grant. He named the settlement for his hometown of Greencastle, Pennsylvania.[6] Greencastle was a village or town operating under authority of the Putnam County commissioners until March 9, 1849, when it became a town by special act of the local legislature. Greencastle, Indiana, officially became a city after an election held on July 8, 1861.[7] The first mayor of Greencastle was E. R. Kercheval, a member (during his lifetime) of the Freemason Temple Lodge #47. The city became the county seat of Putnam County.[5] The population was 10,326 at the 2010 census.[8] It is located near Interstate 70 approximately halfway between Terre Haute and Indianapolis in the west-central portion of the state. Greencastle is well known as being the location of DePauw University.

Education

Public Schools

Greencastle's public schools are operated by the Greencastle Community School Corporation.[9] The Greencastle School Corporation consists of one Central Office; one High School, Greencastle High School,[10] which hosts grades 9th through 12th; one Middle School, Greencastle Middle School,[11] which hosts grades 6th through 8th; one Intermediate School, Tzouanakis Intermediate School,[12] which hosts grades 3rd through 5th and two Primary Schools, Martha J. Ridpath Primary School (also known as Ridpath Primary) and Deer Meadow Primary School[13] which each host kindergarten through 2nd grade.

Private Schools

Peace Lutheran School[14] is a private school in Greencastle, Indiana, which according to their website is "an outreach of Peace Lutheran Church." It was founded in 1984 as a preschool. In 1995, kindergarten was added as a half-day program. The year 2002 marked the beginning of the Primary School with the addition of 5th grade. (In Indiana, Primary Schools are typically interpreted as 1st through 2nd, 3rd, or 4th grades.) As of 2011, the school hosts grades kindergarten through 6th grade.

Colleges and Universities

DePauw University is a private national liberal arts college.[15] It was founded as Indiana Asbury University in 1837 as an all men's school. In 1867, Laura Beswick, Mary Simmons, Alice Allen, and Bettie Locke Hamilton (then Bettie Locke), the chief founder of Kappa Alpha Theta, America's first college sorority, became the University's first four female co-eds.[16]

DePauw today has an enrollment of about 2400 students. Students hail from 42 states and 32 countries with a 20.4%[citation needed] multicultural enrollment. DePauw's liberal arts education gives students a chance to gain general knowledge outside of their direct area of study. DePauw consistently ranks among the top 50 liberal arts colleges in America in both U.S. News & World Report rankings and Kiplinger’s “best value” list. In a 2009 Center for College Affordability & Productivity ranking published in Forbes magazine, DePauw was ranked No. 42 under “America’s Best Colleges.”[17]

Ivy Tech Community College (also Ivy Tech) is the nation's largest statewide community college with single accreditation. A 33,300 square foot, $8.6 million Ivy Tech campus was completed in 2009 in Greencastle. The Ivy Tech branch in Greencastle is also assisted financially by The Putnam County Community Foundation.[18]

Other Educational Facilities

Putnam County Public Library in Greencastle; Formerly Carnegie Public Library

Greencastle is the home of the Putnam County Public Library, a public library which serves patrons from Putnam County and surrounding counties.[19] Services include books, books on CD, ebooks, movies, music, newspapers, magazines, computer and Internet access, Wi-fi, inter-library loan, programming for all ages, author series, book discussion groups and multiple public meeting rooms. The PCPL Local History and Genealogy Department is dedicated to collecting, preserving, and providing public access to Putnam County's historical records. [20] As of 2017 the library began an adult literacy program, the Putnam Adult Literacy Services (PALS). In conjunction with the PALS program, the PALS Pups program allows children to read to the certified "good citizen" dogs. The Putnam County Public Library is a Carnegie Library and was built in 1903. In 1996, a large addition made the library what it is today.

Greencastle also once had a municipal Carnegie library, which is now known as The William Weston Clarke Emison Museum of Art (otherwise known as The Emison Museum of Art or The Emison Art Center). The library became a museum in 1986, and was renamed to honor the financial contributions of James W. Emison, a longtime member of DePauw University's Board of Trustees and benefactor of the University, and other Emison family members.[21] The building was constructed in 1908. The Emison Art Center was originally the Depauw University (then, Indiana Asbury University)campus library.

The Putnam County Museum houses a "permanent collection of nearly 2,000 Putnam County related artifacts offers the county residents and visitors a historical overview of the county, including its significance during the Civil War and a glimpse into everyday life of Putnam residents in the past. The Museum also showcases the Putnam County contemporary artists in revolving exhibits, featuring at least one new artist every month."[22]

Events

Annual Greencastle Music Fest

The Greencastle Music Fest was originally created in 2010 by restauranteur Gail Smith to celebrate the 20th anniversary of Almost Home Restaurant on the square in Greencastle, IN. The event was an instant success and has grown in size every year.[2]

Downtown Greencastle Farmers' Market

The Farmers' Market in Greencastle is a weekly celebration of quality local food and community of the square. The market is open from 8:00 AM until noon on Staturday's from May through October. [3]

First Friday Greencastle

On the first Friday of every month downtown Greencastle blocks off part of the courthouse square with an evening of music, arts, shopping, and food. First Friday's start in April and end in October.[4]

Monon Bell Game

The Monon Bell football game is the annual contest between the DePauw University Tigers and the Wabash College Little Giants. The rivalry between DePauw and Wabash began in 1890 and more than 100 games have been played. The Monon Bell game was voted Indiana's best football rivalry by ESPN fans. During the week of the game, both schools have numerous events and shared fuctions including concerts, debates, and a blood drive.[5]

Music on the Square

Music on the Square, a community music space hosted by the DePauw School of Music, fosters courageous music making. Gathering as a community of music lovers, M2 programming sparks curiosity, expands creativity, and cultivates collaboration through one-on-one lessons, adult-learner classes, and radical, breathtaking performances.[6]

Putnam County 4-H Fair

The Putnam County 4-H Fair takes place in Greencastle, IN during the last full week of July. The Friday before the start of the Fair the Putnam County 4-H Fair Parade takes place in downtown Greencastle.[7]

The Richard E. Peeler Art Center

Designed by the internationally-acclaimed architect, Carlos Jimenez, professor at Rice University's School of Architecture, the Richard E. Peeler Art Center opened it's doors in August 2002 and was later dedicated during a ceremony October 11, 2002. The Peeler Art Center features three spacious, state-of-the-art galleries.

The galleries host approximately twelve exhibitions annually featuring the work of students and faculty as well as regionally and internationally acclaimed artists. Included among the Peeler Art Center's 80,000 square feet are a large exhibition space; a 90-seat auditorium with state-of-the-art acoustics, designed for public events, films, and recitals; classroom and studio space for pottery, sculpture, painting, and photography; and offices for the art department faculty. The building is the first in DePauw's 165-year history to be dedicated to the teaching, creation, and display of art.

The Building is named for Richard E. Peeler, a 1949 graduate of DePauw. Peeler returned to his alma mater in 1958 to teach ceramics, sculpture, and photography. He retired in 1972, and with his wife and partner, Marj, worked as a full-time potter in Putnam County until his death in 1998.[8]

Points of Interest

Big Walnut Sports Park

This 80 acre park is owned and operated jointly by the City of Greencastle and by a not-for-profit corporation. The park features ball diamons, soccer fields, a loop trail, disc golf, and picnic areas.[9]

Completely Nuts & Candy Company

Completely Nuts and Candy Company opened its doors in Greencastle on November 4, 2014. They sell fresh homemade creams, truffles, and caramels. [10]

Conspire: Contemporary Craft

Conspire: Contemporary Craft is a retail boutique on square in downtown Greencastle specializing in high quality modern handmade products.[11]

DePauw University Nature Park

In September of 2003, DePauw University announced the acquisition of over 520 acres west of campus to develop a nature park. The property lies along Big Walnut Creek providing the opportunity for hiking, rock climbing, canoeing, and a host of outdoor educational activities.

The park features 8.7 miles of trails, a welcome center, a field station, an amphitheater, and the Janet Prindle Institute for Ethics.[12]

Eitel's and Co. Florist

Eitel's and Co. Florist is an established, full-service florist, and has been successfully serving Greencastle and surrounding Putnam County since 1908.[13]

The Game Warehouse

The Game Warehouse, in Greencastle, IN, is the area's leading game store serving Putnam, Vigo, and Hendricks Counties since 2014.[14]

Jacee Park

Jacee Park is a 22 acre City of Greencastle park that features a fishing pond, picnic areas, and a shelter house.[15]

Myers' Market, Deli & Butcher

Located in the former Pure Oil Station in Greencastle, IN, Myers' Market sells locally sourced and homemade products. Locally owned and locally produced, Myers' Market opened its doors in 2013.[16]

People Pathways

People Pathways is a network of trails and signed routes around Greencastle that also links to neighboring communities. [17]

Putnam County Playhouse

Started in 1962, this summer stock, all volunteer organization, produces four plays each summer. Productions range from drama to comedy to musicals. Special programs are offered each summer for children and teens.[18]

Robe Ann Park

A twenty-five acre City of Greencastle park featuring an Olympic size swimming pool with water slide and diving board, the Emerald Palace playground, picnic areas, lighted ball diamond, and lighted tennis courts.[19]

Wasser Brewing Company

Wasser Brewing Company is a craft brewery and brewpub in Greencastle, IN. Wasser has a comfortable dining room and bar with over 100 seats as well as outdoor seating. They focus on beer that abides by traditional styles and free style beers that are artistic innovations.[20]

Windy Hill Country Club

Nine hole, private, country club with clubhouse, pro shop, banquet facilities, and swimming pool. Open to the public on a limited schedule.[21]

Geography

Greencastle is located at 39°38′32″N 86°51′22″W / 39.64222°N 86.85611°W / 39.64222; -86.85611 (39.642297, −86.855988).[23]

According to the 2010 census, Greencastle has a total area of 5.291 square miles (13.70 km2), of which 5.24 square miles (13.57 km2) (or 99.04%) is land and 0.051 square miles (0.13 km2) (or 0.96%) is water.[24]

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1850 1,382
1860 2,096 51.7%
1870 3,227 54.0%
1880 3,644 12.9%
1890 4,390 20.5%
1900 3,661 −16.6%
1910 3,790 3.5%
1920 3,780 −0.3%
1930 4,613 22.0%
1940 4,872 5.6%
1950 6,888 41.4%
1960 8,506 23.5%
1970 8,852 4.1%
1980 8,403 −5.1%
1990 8,984 6.9%
2000 9,880 10.0%
2010 10,326 4.5%
Est. 2016 10,508 [4] 1.8%
U.S. Decennial Census[25]
German V-1 mounted atop a limestone Victory Vee, located on the Putnam County Courthouse Square. The V-1, commonly known as a “buzz bomb,” was a flying bomb and precursor to the modern cruise missile.

2010 census

As of the census[3] of 2010, there were 10,326 people, 3,368 households, and 1,989 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,970.6 inhabitants per square mile (760.9/km2). There were 3,742 housing units at an average density of 714.1 per square mile (275.7/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 92.4% White, 2.7% African American, 0.3% Native American, 1.9% Asian, 0.9% from other races, and 1.8% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.5% of the population.

There were 3,368 households of which 30.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 42.0% were married couples living together, 12.9% had a female householder with no husband present, 4.2% had a male householder with no wife present, and 40.9% were non-families. 35.9% of all households were made up of individuals and 15.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.27 and the average family size was 2.93.

The median age in the city was 27.4 years. 19% of residents were under the age of 18; 28.5% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 19.7% were from 25 to 44; 18.6% were from 45 to 64; and 14.2% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 46.7% male and 53.3% female.

2000 census

As of the census[26] of 2000, there were 9,880 people, 3,353 households, and 2,038 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,864.6 people per square mile (719.8/km²). There were 3,532 housing units at an average density of 666.6/sq mi (257.3/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 93.91% White, 2.67% African American, 0.25% Native American, 1.36% Asian, 0.08% Pacific Islander, 0.68% from other races, and 1.05% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.43% of the population.

There were 3,353 households out of which 30.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 46.1% were married couples living together, 11.9% had a female householder with no husband present, and 39.2% were non-families. 34.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.28 and the average family size was 2.93.

In the city, the population was spread out with 20.2% under the age of 18, 27.3% from 18 to 24, 22.2% from 25 to 44, 15.9% from 45 to 64, and 14.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 27 years. For every 100 females, there were 88.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 82.2 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $29,798, and the median income for a family was $41,250. Males had a median income of $30,940 versus $20,889 for females. The per capita income for the city was $15,351. About 7.6% of families and 9.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 9.8% of those under age 18 and 11.3% of those age 65 or over.

Notable people

Historical Events and Places In Greencastle

Events

  • John Herbert Dillinger, Jr. (June 22, 1903 – July 22, 1934) was an American gangster and bank-robber in the Depression-era United States. He was charged, but never convicted, with the murder of an East Chicago police officer whom he shot in the knee while fleeing the scene of his heist. John Dillinger's largest haul (i.e. bank robbery) was at the Central National Bank in Greencastle, Indiana, one of two banks he robbed in Indiana.[29] In Our Past, Their Present: Historical Essays on Putnam County Indiana, John J. Baughman writes, "On Monday, October 23, 1933, four armed men entered the Central National Bank of Greencastle and escaped with $74,782.09. The Dillinger robbery became one of the major events of Greencastle history."[30]
  • Since the Indiana Association of Communities and Towns (IACT) began awarding the "Green Communities of the Year" in 2008, only Greencastle has garnered the honor in back-to-back-to-back years.[citation needed]
  • In March 2011, Greencastle was one of two Indiana cities selected as a “Stellar Community” by the state of Indiana[citation needed].[31]

Places

Greencastle and the surrounding Putnam County communities are home to 20[32] historical sites according to the National Register of Historical Places.

In Greencastle:

Surrounding communities:

Greencastle also has three historic neighborhoods – Old Greencastle, the Eastern Enlargement and the Northwood Neighborhood that were added to the National Register of Historical Places in 2011.[33][34][35]

Climate

Humid continental climate is a climatic region typified by large seasonal temperature differences, with warm to hot (and often humid) summers and cold (sometimes severely cold) winters. The Köppen Climate Classification subtype for this climate is "Dfa"(Hot Summer Continental Climate).[36]

Climate data for Greencastle, Indiana
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 2
(36)
4
(40)
11
(51)
17
(63)
23
(74)
28
(83)
30
(86)
29
(85)
26
(79)
19
(67)
11
(52)
4
(39)
17
(63)
Average low °C (°F) −7
(19)
−6
(21)
−1
(31)
6
(42)
11
(51)
16
(61)
18
(64)
17
(62)
13
(55)
7
(44)
1
(33)
−5
(23)
6
(42)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 69
(2.7)
58
(2.3)
97
(3.8)
97
(3.8)
119
(4.7)
122
(4.8)
107
(4.2)
94
(3.7)
94
(3.7)
80
(3)
86
(3.4)
80
(3)
1,095
(43.1)
Source: Weatherbase [37]

References

  1. ^ "2016 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved Jul 28, 2017. 
  2. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. October 25, 2007. Retrieved 2017-03-20. 
  3. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-12-11. 
  4. ^ a b "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017. 
  5. ^ a b "Putnam County, IN". National association of counties. 2005. Archived from the original on 2009-09-22. Retrieved 2009-10-10. 
  6. ^ Putnam County Indiana Government Web Pages
  7. ^ Weik's History of Putnam County Indiana, by Jesse W. Weik, A.M.; B.F. Bowen & Company, Publishers Indianapolis Indiana, pg. 235
  8. ^ "Greencastle city, Indiana". American factfinder. U.S. census bureau. Retrieved 2009-10-10. 
  9. ^ Greencastle Community School Corporation
  10. ^ Greencastle High School: Home Archived 2006-10-14 at the Wayback Machine.
  11. ^ Greencastle Community School Corporation Archived 2006-12-08 at the Wayback Machine.
  12. ^ Greencastle Community School Corporation Archived 2006-10-14 at the Wayback Machine.
  13. ^ [1] Archived October 7, 2007, at the Wayback Machine.
  14. ^ Peace Lutheran School
  15. ^ DePauw University
  16. ^ Bettie Locke Archived 2007-06-08 at the Wayback Machine.
  17. ^ "#42 DePauw University". Forbes.com. 2009-08-05. Retrieved 2012-02-10. 
  18. ^ Ivy Tech Community College – Greencastle Indiana Endowment:: Putnam County Community Foundation
  19. ^ Putnam County Public Library
  20. ^ pcpl21.org/services/local-history
  21. ^ Major Renovation of Emison Art Center Will Create a 'Teaching Museum' at DePauw
  22. ^ "Home". Putnamcountymuseum.org. Retrieved 2012-02-10. 
  23. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  24. ^ "G001 - Geographic Identifiers - 2010 Census Summary File 1". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2015-07-28. 
  25. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Archived from the original on May 12, 2015. Retrieved June 4, 2015. 
  26. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2013-09-11. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  27. ^ "Pearl Bryan: A Murder Story". Putnam County Public Library. Archived from the original on 31 October 2013. Retrieved 30 March 2014. 
  28. ^ "Colonel Lilly Biography" (PDF). IN.gov. 2008. Retrieved 2018-03-11. 
  29. ^ Greencastle Banner-Graphic: Local News: Sunday is anniversary of Dillinger jail break (October 10, 2008)
  30. ^ Baughman, John J. "Our Past, Their Present: Historical Essays on Putnam County Indiana", Chapter 14 pgs 381–385.
  31. ^ "Greencastle Named a 'Stellar Community' in Inaugural Competition; Funds Will Support Community Development Projects - DePauw University". Depauw.edu. Retrieved 2012-02-10. 
  32. ^ "National Register of Historical Places - INDIANA (IN), Putnam County". Nationalregisterofhistoricplaces.com. Retrieved 2012-02-10. 
  33. ^ Bernsee, Eric (2011-04-29). "Greencastle Banner-Graphic: Local News: State approves three new Greencastle historic districts (04/29/11)". Bannergraphic.com. Retrieved 2012-02-10. 
  34. ^ "National Register of Historic Places Listings". Weekly List of Actions Taken on Properties: 6/20/11 through 6/24/11. National Park Service. 2011-07-01. 
  35. ^ "National Register of Historic Places Listings". Weekly List of Actions Taken on Properties: 8/22/11 through 8/26/11. National Park Service. 2011-09-02. 
  36. ^ Climate Summary for Greencastle, Indiana
  37. ^ "Weatherbase.com". Weatherbase. 2013.  Retrieved on August 11, 2013.

External links

  • City of Greencastle, Indiana website
  • Greencastle Putnam County Development Center
  • Greencastle Chamber of Commerce
  • Putnam County Public Library
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