Great hanging parrot

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Great hanging parrot
Loriculus stigmatus, female.jpg
Female Sulawesi hanging parrot at Warembungan, North Sulawesi
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves
Order: Psittaciformes
Family: Psittacidae
Genus: Loriculus
Species: L. stigmatus
Binomial name
Loriculus stigmatus
(Müller, 1843)
Synonyms
  • Loriculus quadricolor

The great hanging parrot (Loriculus stigmatus), also called Celebes hanging parrot, Sulawesi hanging parrot and maroon-rumped hanging parrot, is a species of parrot in the family Psittaculidae. It is endemic to Sulawesi and nearby smaller islands in Indonesia, where it occurs in forest, secondary growth and tall mangrove.

Nominate subspecies L. s. stigmatus in Sulawesi

Description and taxonomy

With a total length of approximately 15 cm, it is a small parrot, but the largest species of hanging parrot. It has traditionally been considered monotypic, but recent work has re-validated the subspecies croconotus from Muna and Buton Island, and quadricolor from the Togian Islands, leaving the nominate for the population on Sulawesi itself.[2] The plumage of the nominate is overall green with an indistinct yellowish tinge to the mantle, and a red chin, leading edge of the wing, rump and crown (the red crown is missing in females). Compared to this, L. s. croconotus has slightly paler wings and tail, and a relatively distinct yellowish tinge to the mantle, while L. s. quadricolor has a clear orange-yellow patch on the mantle, a smaller red chin-spot, and a slightly brighter red rump.[2]

Breeding

Sulawesi Hanging parrots nest in tree cavities. There are usually three eggs in a clutch. The female incubates the eggs for 20 days and the chicks leave the nest about 33 days from hatching.[3]

References

  1. ^ BirdLife International (2012). "Loriculus stigmatus". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.2. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 26 November 2013. 
  2. ^ a b Collar, N. J. (2007). Taxonomic notes on some insular Loriculus hanging-parrots. Bull. B.O.C. 127(2): 97-107.
  3. ^ Alderton, David (2003). The Ultimate Encyclopedia of Caged and Aviary Birds. London, England: Hermes House. p. 215. ISBN 1-84309-164-X. 


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