Grade I listed buildings in Coventry

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Coventry Cathedral ruins
The Cathedral Church of St Michael was almost completely destroyed in the Coventry Blitz of 1940; its ruins are now a Grade I listed building.

There are 19 Grade I listed buildings in the City of Coventry. In the United Kingdom, a listed building is a building or structure of special historical or architectural importance. These buildings are legally protected from demolition, as well as from any extensions or alterations that would adversely affect the building's character or destroy historic features. Listed buildings in England and Wales are divided into three categories—Grade II buildings are buildings of special interest; Grade II* buildings are Grade II buildings of particular interest; and Grade I buildings, which are those of "exceptional" interest. Only around four per cent of listed buildings are given Grade I status.[1]

Coventry is an ancient city and a metropolitan borough in the West Midlands of England. The city's history dates back to at least the 11th century (CE), and by the 14th century, it was a thriving centre of commerce. Like many of Coventry's Grade I listed buildings, the city's walls were erected towards the end of the end of the 14th and the beginning of the 15th centuries. Of the 20 buildings on this list, 14 are in the city centre, and 11 date back to the 14th century. The oldest is St. Mary's Priory and cathedral, now a ruin, which was founded in 1043. Several other buildings in this list date from the 12th century. The youngest Grade I listed building in the city is the new cathedral, built in the 1950s to replace the city's second cathedral which was built in the 14th-century and elevated to cathedral status in 1918. Like much of the city centre, the city's second cathedral was almost completely destroyed in the Coventry Blitz in November 1940, and the new cathedral was built next to the ruin, which was preserved.[2]

A 20th building, Coombe Abbey, in Coombe Country Park (SP 40351 79757) is owned by Coventry City Council but falls just outside the city boundary and into the Borough of Rugby in Warwickshire and thus is not included in this list.[1][3]

List of buildings

See also

Notes

  1. ^ St Mary's Hall was formerly a Scheduled Ancient Monument.
  2. ^ a b c Cook Street Gate, Swanswell Gate, the ruins of St Mary's Priory, and the remains of Caludon Castle are also Scheduled Ancient Monuments and subject to other legislation, which takes precedence over listed building procedures.[1]
  1. ^ The date given is the date used by Historic England as significant for the initial building or that of an important part in the structure's description.
  2. ^ Sometimes known as OSGB36, the grid reference is based on the British national grid reference system used by the Ordnance Survey.
  3. ^ The "List Entry Number" is a unique number assigned to each listed building and scheduled monument by Historic England.

References

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v "Statutory List of Buildings of Special Architectural or Historic Interest". Coventry City Council. Retrieved 24 August 2012. 
  2. ^ Soden, Ian (2005). Coventry: The Hidden History. Tempus Publishing Ltd. pp. 7–8. ISBN 9780752433455. 
  3. ^ Historic England. "Combe Abbey and Bridge Over Moat Attached to South (1233485)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 24 August 2012. 
  4. ^ Historic England. "Medieval basement below numbers 38 and 39 (1116387)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 24 August 2012. 
  5. ^ Historic England. "St Mary's Hall (1116402)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 24 August 2012. 
  6. ^ "Step inside Coventry's Guildhall". BBC Coventry and Warwickshire. BBC. 19 October 2009. Retrieved 16 October 2012. 
  7. ^ Historic England. "Ruined Cathedral Church of St Michael (1076651)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 24 August 2012. 
  8. ^ Historic England. "Church of All Saints (1342900)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 24 August 2012. 
  9. ^ Historic England. "Church of St Bartholomew (1076629)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 24 August 2012. 
  10. ^ Historic England. "City Gate (1076640)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 24 August 2012. 
  11. ^ Historic England. "Remain of Caludon Castle (1076645)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 24 August 2012. 
  12. ^ Historic England. "Church of St John the Baptist (1342889)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 24 August 2012. 
  13. ^ "A Colourful History.." sponstreetcoventry.co.uk. Spon Street Coventry. Archived from the original on 5 February 2012. Retrieved 26 June 2012. 
  14. ^ Historic England. "Ford's Hospital (1342891)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 24 August 2012. 
  15. ^ Historic England. "Whitefriars Museum (1076648)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 24 August 2012. 
  16. ^ Historic England. "The Old Grammar School (St John's Hospital) (1320431)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 24 August 2012. 
  17. ^ Historic England. "City Wall to the north of Swanswell Gate (1076649)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 24 August 2012. 
  18. ^ Historic England. "Number 22 (Cellerage Only) (1076612)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 24 August 2012. 
  19. ^ Historic England. "Bablake School (1076616)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 24 August 2012. 
  20. ^ Historic England. "The Charterhouse, Coventry (1076621)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 24 August 2012. 
  21. ^ Historic England. "Priory ruins (1076588)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 24 August 2012. 
  22. ^ Historic England. "Cathedral of St Michael (1342941)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 24 August 2012. 
  23. ^ Historic England. "Holy Trinity Church (1342893)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 24 August 2012. 
  24. ^ Historic England. "Church of St Mary Magdalene (1076583)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 24 August 2012. 
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