Governor of the Bank of England

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Governor of the
Bank of England
Bank of England.svg
Seal of the Bank of England
Mark Carney World Economic Forum 2013 (3).jpg
Mark Carney
120th Governor of the Bank of England
since 1 July 2013
Residence London, United Kingdom
Appointer Monarch on advice from the Prime Minister
Term length

8 years

Renewable once
Inaugural holder Sir John Houblon
Formation 1694
Website Governor of the Bank of England

The Governor of the Bank of England is the most senior position in the Bank of England. It is nominally a civil service post, but the appointment tends to be from within the Bank, with the incumbent grooming his or her successor. The Governor of the Bank of England is also Chairman of the Monetary Policy Committee, with a major role in guiding national economic and monetary policy, and is therefore one of the most important public officials in the United Kingdom.

According to the original charter of 27 July 1694 the Bank's affairs would be supervised by a Governor, a Deputy Governor and 24 directors.[1]

The 120th and current Governor is the Canadian Mark Carney, appointed in 2013. He is the first non-Briton to be appointed to the post, but made a commitment to the Prime Minister to take up British citizenship.[2]

Governors of the Bank of England (1694–present)

Name In office
Sir John Houblon (1694–1697)
Sir William Scawen (1697–1699)
Nathaniel Tench (1699–1701)
John Ward (1701–1703)
Abraham Houblon (1703–1705)
Sir James Bateman (1705–1707)
Francis Eyles (1707–1709)
Sir Gilbert Heathcote (1709–1711)
Nathaniel Gould (1711–1713)
John Rudge (1713–1715)
Sir Peter Delme (1715–1717)
Sir Gerard Conyers (1717–1719)
John Hanger (1719–1721)
Sir Thomas Scawen (1721–1723)
Sir Gilbert Heathcote (1723–1725)
William Thompson (1725–1727)
Humphry Morice (1727–1729)
Samuel Holden (1729–1731)
Sir Edward Bellamy (1731–1733)
Horatio Townshend (1733–1735)
Bryan Benson (1735–1737)
Thomas Cooke (1737–1740)
Delillers Carbonnel (1740–1741)
Stamp Brooksbank (1741–1743)
William Fawkener (1743–1745)
Charles Savage (1745–1747)
Benjamin Longuet (1747–1749)
William Hunt (1749–1752)
Alexander Sheafe (1752–1754)
Charles Palmer (1754–1756)
Matthews Beachcroft (1756–1758)
Merrick Burrell (1758–1760)
Bartholomew Burton (1760–1762)
Robert Marsh (1762–1764)
John Weyland (1764–1766)
Matthew Clarmont (1766–1769)
William Cooper (1769–1771)
Edward Payne (1771–1773)
James Sperling (1773–1775)
Samuel Beachcroft (1775–1777)
Peter Gaussen (1777–1779)
Daniel Booth (1779–1781)
William Ewer (1781–1783)
Richard Neave (1783–1785)
George Peters (1785–1787)
Edward Darell (1787–1789)
Mark Weyland (1789–1791)
Samuel Bosanquet (1791–1793)
Godfrey Thornton (1793–1795)
Daniel Giles (1795–1797)
Thomas Raikes (1797–1799)
Samuel Thornton (1799–1801)
Job Mathew Raikes (1801–1802)
Joseph Nutt (1802–1804)
Benjamin Winthrop (1804–1806)
Beeston Long (1806–1808)
John Whitmore (1808–1810)
John Pearse (1810–1812)
William Manning (1812–1814)
William Mellish (1814–1816)
Jeremiah Harman (1816–1818)
George Dorrien (1818–1820)
Charles Pole (1820–1822)
John Bowden (1822–1824)
Cornelius Buller (1824–1826)
John Baker Richards (1826–1828)
Samuel Drewe (1828–1830)
John Horsley Palmer (1830–1833)
Richard Mee Raikes (1833–1834)
James Pattison (1834–1837)
Timothy Abraham Curtis (1837–1839)
Sir John Rae Reid (1839–1841)
Sir John Henry Pelly (1841–1842)
William Cotton (1842–1845)
John Benjamin Heath (1845–1847)
William Robinson (April–August 1847)
James Morris (1847–1849)
Henry James Prescot (1849–1851)
Thomson Hankey (1851–1853)
John Gellibrand Hubbard (1853–1855)
Thomas Matthias Weguelin (1855–1857)
Sheffield Neave (1857–1859)
Bonamy Dobrée (1859–1861)
Alfred Latham (1861–1863)
Kirkman Daniel Hodgson (1863–1865)
Henry Lancelot Holland (1865–1867)
Thomas Newman Hunt (1867–1869)
Robert Wigram Crawford (1869–1871)
George Lyall (1871–1873)
Benjamin Buck Greene (1873–1875)
Henry Hucks Gibbs (1875–1877)
Edward Howley Palmer (1877–1879)
John William Birch (1879–1881)
Henry Riversdale Grenfell (1881–1883)
John Saunders Gilliat (1883–1885)
James Pattison Currie (1885–1887)
Mark Wilks Collet (1887–1889)
William Lidderdale (1889–1892)
David Powell (1892–1895)
Albert George Sandeman (1895–1897)
Hugh Colin Smith (1897–1899)
Samuel Steuart Gladstone (1899–1901)
Augustus Prevost (1901–1903)
Samuel Hope Morley (1903–1905)
Alexander Falconer Wallace (1905–1907)
William Middleton Campbell (1907–1909)
Reginald Eden Johnston (1909–1911)
Alfred Clayton Cole (1911–1913)
Lord Cunliffe (1913–1918)
Sir Brien Cokayne (1918–1920)
Sir Montagu Collet Norman (1920–1944)
Lord Catto (1944–1949)
Lord Cobbold (1949-1961)
Lord Cromer (1961–1966)
Sir Leslie O'Brien (1966–1973)
Gordon Richardson (1973–1983)
Robin Leigh-Pemberton (1983–1993)
Sir Edward George (1993–2003)
Sir Mervyn King (2003–2013)
Mark Carney (since July 2013)

See also


  1. ^ Richards, Richard. The Early History of Banking in England (Rle Banking and Finance). p. 152. 
  2. ^ "Carney: corruption, my reputation and British citizenship". Channel 4 News. November 13, 2013. Retrieved November 26, 2013. 

External links

  • List of Governors of the Bank of England
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