Governor of Kansas

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Governor of
the State of Kansas
Standard of the Governor of Kansas.svg
Sam Brownback, CPAC 2015 headshot.jpg
Incumbent
Sam Brownback

since January 10, 2011
Residence Cedar Crest
Term length Four years, renewable once
Formation February 9, 1861
Salary $99,636 (2013)[1]
Website www.governor.ks.gov/

The Governor of the State of Kansas is the head of state for the State of Kansas, United States. Under the Kansas Constitution, the Governor is also the head of government, serving as the chief executive of the Kansas executive branch, of the government of Kansas. The Governor is the Commander-in-Chief of the Kansas National Guard when not called into Federal use. Despite being an executive branch official, the Governor also possesses legislative and judicial powers. The Governor's responsibilities include making yearly "State of the State" addresses to the Kansas Legislature, submitting the budget, ensuring that state laws are enforced, and that the peace is preserved.

History

The office was created in 1861 when Kansas was officially admitted to the United States as the 34th state. Prior to statehood in 1861, the office was preceded by a Presidential appointed Governor of Kansas Territory with similar powers.

The 46th and current Governor of Kansas is Sam Brownback. His term began on January 11, 2011. He succeeded Mark Parkinson, who began his term on April 28, 2009, when Kathleen Sebelius resigned upon the US Senate vote confirming her as Secretary of Health and Human Services.

Governors

Govenors of the Territory of Kansas

For the period before Alabama Territory was formed, see the list of Governors of Missouri Territory.

Kansas Territory was formed on May 30, 1854, from unorganized territory that had previously been, until August 10, 1821, Missouri Territory. In its seven years, it had six governors appointed by the President of the United States.

Governor Term in office Appointed by
1 AReeder.jpg Andrew Horatio Reeder July 7, 1854

August 16, 1855
Franklin Pierce
2 WShannon.jpg Wilson Shannon September 5, 1855

August 18, 1856
3 Gearysfmayor.jpeg John W. Geary September 9, 1856

March 20, 1857
4 Hon. Robert J. Walker, Miss - NARA - 528738.jpg Robert J. Walker May 27, 1857

December 15, 1857
James Buchanan
5 James W Denver by Whitehurst Studio c1856.jpg James W. Denver December 1857

November 1858
6 SamuelMedary.jpg Samuel Medary December 1858

December 1860

Governors of the State of Kansas

The eastern bulk of Kansas Territory was admitted to the Union as Kansas on January 29, 1861; the remainder become unorganized territory which would shortly be assigned to Colorado Territory. The Kansas Constitution provided that a governor and lieutenant governor be elected every two years.[2] An amendment in 1972 increased terms to four years,[3], and provided that the governor and lieutenant governor are elected on the same ticket. In the original constitution, should the office of governor be vacant, the powers would devolve upon the lieutenant governor, who nonetheless would remain in that office;[4] an amendment in 1972 changed that so that, in such an event, the lieutenant governor becomes governor, and relies on the legislature to provide for succession after that.[5]

# Governor Term in office Party Election Lt. Governor
1 CRobinson.jpg   Charles L. Robinson February 9, 1861

January 12, 1863
Republican 1860   Joseph Pomeroy Root
2 TCarney.jpg Thomas Carney January 12, 1863

January 9, 1865
Republican 1862 Thomas Andrew Osborn
3 Samuel J. Crawford.jpg Samuel J. Crawford January 9, 1865

November 4, 1868
Republican 1864 James McGrew
1866
[a][b]
Nehemiah Green
4 NehemiahGreen.gif Nehemiah Green November 4, 1868

January 11, 1869
Republican Vacant
5 James M. Harvey.gif James M. Harvey January 11, 1869

January 13, 1873
Republican 1868 Charles Vernon Eskridge
1870 Peter Percival Elder
6 ThosAOsborn.gif Thomas A. Osborn January 13, 1873

January 8, 1877
Republican 1872 Elias Sleeper Stover
1874 Melville J. Salter
7 GeoTAnthony.gif George T. Anthony January 8, 1877

January 13, 1879
Republican 1876
Lyman U. Humphrey
8 John St John 1880.jpg John P. St. John January 13, 1879

January 8, 1883
Republican 1878
1880 David Wesley Finney
9 GWGlick.jpg George W. Glick January 8, 1883

January 12, 1885
Democratic 1882
10 John alexander martin.jpeg John A. Martin January 12, 1885

January 14, 1889
Republican 1884 Alexander Pancoast Riddle
1886
11 LUHumphrey.jpg Lyman U. Humphrey January 14, 1889

January 8, 1893
Republican 1888 Andrew Jackson Felt
1890
12 LDLewelling.jpg Lorenzo D. Lewelling January 8, 1893

January 14, 1895
Populist 1892 Percy Daniels
13 ENMorrill.jpg Edmund N. Morrill January 14, 1895

January 11, 1897
Republican 1894 James Armstrong Troutman
14 JWLeedy.gif John W. Leedy January 11, 1897

January 9, 1899
Populist 1896 Alexander Miller Harvey
15 WEStanley.jpg William E. Stanley January 9, 1899

January 12, 1903
Republican 1898 Harry E. Richter
1900
16 WJBailey.gif Willis J. Bailey January 12, 1903

January 9, 1905
Republican 1902 David John Hanna
17 EWHoch.gif Edward W. Hoch January 9, 1905

January 11, 1909
Republican 1904
1906 William James Fitzgerald
18 WRStubbs.gif Walter R. Stubbs January 11, 1909

January 13, 1913
Republican 1908
1910 Richard Joseph Hopkins
19 Portrait of George H. Hodges.jpg George H. Hodges January 13, 1913

January 11, 1915
Democratic 1912 Sheffield Ingalls
20 Arthur Capper.png Arthur Capper January 11, 1915

January 13, 1919
Republican 1914 William Yoast Morgan
1916
21 Henry Justin Allen.jpg Henry J. Allen January 13, 1919

January 8, 1923
Republican 1918 Charles Solomon Huffman
1920
22 JonathanMDavis.jpg Jonathan M. Davis January 8, 1923

January 12, 1925
Democratic 1922 Ben S. Paulen
23 BenPaulen.jpg Ben S. Paulen January 12, 1925

January 14, 1929
Republican 1924 De Lanson Alson Newton Chase
1926
24 ClydeMartinReed.jpg Clyde M. Reed January 14, 1929

January 12, 1931
Republican 1928 Jacob W. Graybill
25 Harry Hines Woodring, 53rd United States Secretary of War.jpg Harry H. Woodring January 12, 1931

January 9, 1933
Democratic 1930
26 LandonPortr.jpg Alfred M. Landon January 9, 1933

January 11, 1937
Republican 1932 Charles W. Thompson
1934
27 Blank.gif Walter A. Huxman January 11, 1937

January 9, 1939
Democratic 1936 William M. Lindsay
28 PayneRatner.jpg Payne Ratner January 9, 1939

January 11, 1943
Republican 1938 Carl E. Friend
1940
29 Andrew Frank Schoeppel.jpg Andrew F. Schoeppel January 11, 1943

January 13, 1947
Republican 1942 Jess C. Denious
1944
30 Frankcarlson(r-ks).jpg Frank Carlson January 13, 1947

November 28, 1950
Republican 1946 Frank L. Hagaman
1948
[c][b]
31 Blank.gif Frank L. Hagaman November 28, 1950

January 8, 1951
Republican Vacant
32 Blank.gif Edward F. Arn January 8, 1951

January 10, 1955
Republican 1950 Fred Hall
1952
33 Blank.gif Fred Hall January 10, 1955

January 3, 1957
Republican 1954
[d][b]
John McCuish
34 Blank.gif John McCuish January 3, 1957

January 14, 1957
Republican Vacant
35 Blank.gif George Docking January 14, 1957

January 9, 1961
Democratic 1956 Joseph W. Henkle, Sr.
1958
36 Blank.gif John Anderson Jr. January 9, 1961

January 11, 1965
Republican 1960 Harold H. Chase
1962
37 William Henry Avery.png William H. Avery January 11, 1965

January 9, 1967
Republican 1964 John Crutcher
38 Blank.gif Robert Docking January 9, 1967

January 13, 1975
Democratic 1966
1968 James H. DeCoursey, Jr.
1970 Reynolds Shultz
1972 Dave Owen
39 Blank.gif Robert F. Bennett January 13, 1975

January 8, 1979
Republican 1974 Shelby Smith
40 John Carlin.jpg John W. Carlin January 8, 1979

January 12, 1987
Democratic 1978 Paul V. Dugan
1982 Thomas R. Docking
41 Blank.gif Mike Hayden January 12, 1987

January 14, 1991
Republican 1986 Jack D. Walker
42 Blank.gif Joan Finney January 14, 1991

January 9, 1995
Democratic 1990 Jim Francisco
43 Bill Graves.jpg Bill Graves January 9, 1995

January 13, 2003
Republican 1994 Sheila Frahm
Gary Sherrer
1998
44 Kathleen Sebelius official portrait.jpg Kathleen Sebelius January 13, 2003

April 28, 2009
Democratic 2002
[e][b]
John E. Moore
2006 Mark Parkinson
45 Mark Parkinson.jpg Mark Parkinson April 28, 2009

January 10, 2011
Democratic Troy Findley
46 Sam Brownback, CPAC 2015 headshot.jpg Sam Brownback January 10, 2011

Present
Republican 2010 Jeff Colyer
2014
[f]

Notes

  1. ^ Resigned to take command of the 19th Kansas Infantry.
  2. ^ a b c d As lieutenant governor, filled unexpired term.
  3. ^ Resigned to take an elected seat in the United States Senate.
  4. ^ Resigned with 11 days left in his term, and the first act of his successor was to appoint him to the Kansas Supreme Court.
  5. ^ Resigned to become United States Secretary of Health and Human Services.
  6. ^ Governor Brownback's second term expires on January 14, 2019; he is term limited.

Other high offices held

This is a table of congressional seats, other federal offices, and other governorships held by governors. All representatives and senators mentioned represented Kansas except where noted. * denotes those offices which the governor resigned to take.

Governor Gubernatorial term U.S. Congress Other offices held
House Senate
Wilson Shannon 1855–1856 (territorial) U.S. Representative from Ohio, Governor of Ohio, Ambassador to Mexico
John W. Geary 1856–1857 (territorial) Governor of Pennsylvania
Robert J. Walker 1857 (territorial) U.S. Senator from Mississippi, U.S. Secretary of the Treasury
James W. Denver 1857–1858 (territorial) Secretary of State of California, U.S. Representative from California
Samuel Medary 1858–1860 (territorial) Governor of Minnesota Territory
Frederick Perry Stanton 1857 (acting territorial) U.S. Representative from Tennessee
James M. Harvey 1869–1873 S
Thomas A. Osborn 1873-1877 United States Minister to Chile, United States Minister to Brazil
Edmund Needham Morrill 1895–1897 H
Willis Joshua Bailey 1903–1905 H
Arthur Capper 1915–1919 S
Henry Justin Allen 1919–1923 S
Clyde M. Reed 1929–1931 S
Harry H. Woodring 1931–1933 U.S. Secretary of War
Walter A. Huxman 1937–1939 Tenth Circuit Court Judge
Andrew F. Schoeppel 1943–1947 S
Frank Carlson 1947–1950 H S*
William H. Avery 1965–1967 H
Kathleen Sebelius 2003–2009 Secretary of Health and Human Services*
Sam Brownback 2011–present H S

Living former U.S. governors of Kansas

As of January 2017, there are five former U.S. governors of Kansas who are currently living at this time, the oldest U.S. governor of Kansas being John W. Carlin (served 1979-1987, born 1940). The most recent U.S. governor of Kansas to die was John Anderson Jr. (served 1961-1965, born 1917), on September 15, 2014.[6] The most recently serving U.S. governor of Kansas to die was Joan Finney, who served from January 14, 1991 until she left office on January 9, 1995 and died on July 28, 2001 at the age of 76.

Governor Gubernatorial term Date of birth (and age)
John W. Carlin 1979–1987 (1940-08-03) August 3, 1940 (age 77)
Mike Hayden 1987–1991 (1944-03-16) March 16, 1944 (age 73)
Bill Graves 1995–2003 (1953-01-09) January 9, 1953 (age 64)
Kathleen Sebelius 2003–2009 (1948-05-15) May 15, 1948 (age 69)
Mark Parkinson 2009–2011 (1957-06-24) June 24, 1957 (age 60)

Gubernatorial term of office and lack of requirements for running

Flag of the Governor prior to 1961. It is unclear when the Governor's flag was first created

There is no lifetime limit on the number of times he or she may be elected, but a governor who has been elected to two consecutive terms must be out of office for at least one election cycle before being eligible once again for re-election. Elections occur at the same time as the Congressional midterm elections, and each term begins on the second Monday of January following the election. The lieutenant governor is subject to the same limitations and runs on a combined ticket with the governor.[7] Furthermore, there is neither an age requirement nor a residency requirement to run for the office; as of 2017 three Kansan teenagers were doing so.[8]

If the governor becomes incapacitated, the lieutenant governor assumes the duties of the governor. However, if both offices become vacant, the line of succession is determined by the legislature. Under present law, the President of the Senate would be next in line to assume the governorship, followed by the Speaker of the House.

Residence

Since 1962, the Governor of Kansas has resided in the governor's mansion, known as Cedar Crest. It was designed by the architect firm Wight and Wight. It was added to the National Register of Historic Places in 1982.

References

  1. ^ "CSG Releases 2013 Governor Salaries". The Council of State Governments. June 25, 2013. Retrieved November 23, 2014. 
  2. ^ 1861 Const. art. I, § 1
  3. ^ KS Const. art. 1, § 1
  4. ^ 1861 Const. art I, § 11
  5. ^ KS Const. art I, § 11
  6. ^ http://www.kansas.com/news/politics-government/article2139682.html
  7. ^ Constitution of the State of Kansas Archived November 20, 2008, at the Wayback Machine.
  8. ^ Woodall, Hunter (2017-09-28). "As third teen joins Kansas governor race, consider this: No rule says a dog can't run". The Kansas City Star. Retrieved 2017-09-28. 

External links

  • Office of the Governor
  • Governors' publications at Kansas Government Information (KGI) Online Library
  • Governors' speeches transcribed by the State Library of Kansas
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