Governor of Colorado

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Governor of the State of Colorado
Seal of the Executive Office of Colorado.svg
=
Incumbent
John Hickenlooper

since January 11, 2011
Style The Honorable
Residence Colorado Governor's Mansion
Term length Four years, can succeed self once
Inaugural holder John Long Routt
Formation August 1, 1876
Deputy Donna Lynne
Salary $90,000 (2013)[1]
Website www.colorado.gov/governor

The Governor of Colorado is the chief executive of the U.S. state of Colorado. The governor is the head of the executive branch of Colorado's state government and is charged with enforcing state laws. The governor has the power to either approve or veto bills passed by the Colorado General Assembly, to convene the legislature, and to grant pardons, except in cases of treason or impeachment.[2] The governor is also the commander-in-chief of the state's military forces.

Seven people served as governor of Colorado Territory over eight terms, appointed by the President of the United States. Since statehood, there have been 36 governors, serving 41 distinct terms. The longest-serving governors were Richard "Dick" Lamm and Roy Romer, who each served twelve years over three terms. The shortest term occurred on March 17, 1905, a day when the state had three governors: Alva Adams won the election, but soon after he took office, the legislature declared his opponent, James Peabody, governor, but on the condition that he immediately resign, so that his lieutenant governor, Jesse McDonald, could be governor. Thus, Peabody served only a few minutes as governor.

The current governor is John Hickenlooper, who took office on January 11, 2011.

Governors

Governor of the Territory of Jefferson

The self-proclaimed Provisional Government of the Territory of Jefferson was organized on November 7, 1859.[3] Jefferson Territory included all of present-day Colorado, but extended about 3 miles (5 km) farther east, 138 miles (222 km) farther north, and about 50 miles (80 km) farther west.[4] The territory was never recognized by the federal government in the tumultuous days before the American Civil War. The Jefferson Territory had only one governor, Robert Williamson Steele, a pro-union Democrat elected by popular vote. He proclaimed the territory dissolved on June 6, 1861, several months after the official formation of the Colorado Territory, but only days after the arrival of its first governor.[5]

Governors of the Territory of Colorado

The Territory of Colorado was organized on February 28, 1861, from parts of the territories of New Mexico, Utah, and Nebraska, and the unorganized territory that was previously the western portion of Kansas Territory.[6]

Governors of the Territory of Colorado
No. Portrait Governor Term in office Appointed by
1 William Gilpin (governor).jpg Gilpin, WilliamWilliam Gilpin March 25, 1861[7][a]

March 26, 1862[b]
Lincoln, AbrahamAbraham Lincoln
2 John Evans.gif Evans, JohnJohn Evans March 26, 1862[7]

October 17, 1865[c]
3 Alexander Cummings.gif Cummings, AlexanderAlexander Cummings October 17, 1865[11]

April 24, 1867
Johnson, AndrewAndrew Johnson
4 Alexander Hunt.gif Hunt, Alexander CameronAlexander Cameron Hunt April 24, 1867[11]

June 14, 1869
5 Edward M. McCook - Brady-Handy.jpg McCook, Edward M.Edward M. McCook June 14, 1869[12]

Sometime in 1873[d]
Grant, Ulysses S.Ulysses S. Grant
6 Samuel Elbert.gif Elbert, Samuel HittSamuel Hitt Elbert April 4, 1873[13]

Sometime in 1874[e]
7 Edward M. McCook - Brady-Handy.jpg McCook, Edward M.Edward M. McCook June 19, 1874[12]

March 29, 1875
8 John Routt.gif Routt, John LongJohn Long Routt March 29, 1875[14]

August 1, 1876

Governors of the State of Colorado

The State of Colorado was admitted to the Union on August 1, 1876.

To serve as governor, one must be at least 30 years old, be a citizen of the United States, and have been a resident of the state for at least two years prior to election. The state constitution of 1876 originally called for election of the governor every two years, with their term beginning on the second Tuesday of the January following the election.[15] An amendment passed in 1956, taking effect in 1959, increased terms to four years.[16] Originally, there was no term limit applied to the governor; a 1990 amendment allowed governors to succeed themselves only once.[17] There is however no limit on the total number of terms one may serve as long as one who has served the two term limit is out of office for four years.

Should the office of governor become vacant, the lieutenant governor becomes governor.[18] If both the offices governor and lieutenant governor are vacant, the line of succession moves down through the senior members of the state senate and state house of representatives of the same party as the governor.[19] The lieutenant governor was elected separately from the governor until a 1968 amendment to the constitution[20] made it so that they are elected on the same ticket.[21]

Governors of the State of Colorado
No. Portrait Governor Term in office Party Election Lt. Governor[f]
1 John Routt.gif   Routt, John LongJohn Long Routt August 1, 1876

January 14, 1879
Republican 1876   Head, LafayetteLafayette Head
2 Frederick Walker Pitkin.jpg Pitkin, Frederick WalkerFrederick Walker Pitkin January 14, 1879

January 9, 1883
Republican 1878 Tabor, Horace Austin WarnerHorace Austin Warner Tabor
1880
3 James Grant.gif Grant, James BentonJames Benton Grant January 9, 1883

January 13, 1885
Democratic 1882 Meyer, William H.William H. Meyer[g]
4 Benjamin Eaton.gif Eaton, Benjamin HarrisonBenjamin Harrison Eaton January 13, 1885

January 11, 1887
Republican 1884 Breene, Peter W.Peter W. Breene
5 Alvaadams.jpg Adams, AlvaAlva Adams January 11, 1887

January 8, 1889
Democratic 1886 Meldrum, Norman H.Norman H. Meldrum
6 Job Cooper.gif Cooper, Job AdamsJob Adams Cooper January 8, 1889

January 13, 1891
Republican 1888 Smith, William GroverWilliam Grover Smith
7 John Routt.gif Routt, John LongJohn Long Routt January 13, 1891

January 10, 1893
Republican 1890 Story, WilliamWilliam Story
8 Davis Hanson Waite.gif Waite, Davis HansonDavis Hanson Waite January 10, 1893

January 8, 1895
People's 1892 Nichols, David HopkinsonDavid Hopkinson Nichols
9 Albert Mcintire.gif McIntire, Albert WashingtonAlbert Washington McIntire January 8, 1895

January 12, 1897
Republican 1894 Brush, Jared L.Jared L. Brush[g]
10 Alvaadams.jpg Adams, AlvaAlva Adams January 12, 1897

January 10, 1899
Democratic 1896
11 Charles Spalding Thomas.jpg Thomas, Charles SpaldingCharles Spalding Thomas January 10, 1899

January 8, 1901
Democratic 1898 Carney, Francis PatrickFrancis Patrick Carney[h]
12 James Orman.gif Orman, James BradleyJames Bradley Orman January 8, 1901

January 13, 1903
Democratic 1900 Coates, David C.David C. Coates[i]
13 James Hamilton Peabody.jpg Peabody, James HamiltonJames Hamilton Peabody January 13, 1903

January 10, 1905
Republican 1902 Haggott, Warren A.Warren A. Haggott[j]
14 Alvaadams.jpg Adams, AlvaAlva Adams January 10, 1905

March 17, 1905
Democratic 1904
[k]
Cornforth, ArthurArthur Cornforth
15 James Hamilton Peabody.jpg Peabody, James HamiltonJames Hamilton Peabody March 17, 1905

March 17, 1905
Republican McDonald, Jesse FullerJesse Fuller McDonald
16 Jesse Mcdonald.gif McDonald, Jesse FullerJesse Fuller McDonald March 17, 1905

January 8, 1907
Republican Vacant
Parks, Fred W.Fred W. Parks
(took office July 5, 1905)
17 Henry Buchtel.gif Buchtel, Henry AugustusHenry Augustus Buchtel January 8, 1907

January 12, 1909
Republican 1906 Harper, ErastusErastus Harper
18 John Shafroth.gif Shafroth, John F.John F. Shafroth January 12, 1909

January 14, 1913
Democratic 1908 Fitzgarrald, Stephen R.Stephen R. Fitzgarrald
1910
19 Elias Ammons.gif Ammons, Elias M.Elias M. Ammons January 14, 1913

January 12, 1915
Democratic 1912
20 George Alfred Carlson in 1914.jpg Carlson, George AlfredGeorge Alfred Carlson January 12, 1915

January 9, 1917
Republican 1914 Lewis, Moses E.Moses E. Lewis
21 Julius Gunter.gif Gunter, Julius CaldeenJulius Caldeen Gunter January 9, 1917

January 14, 1919
Democratic 1916 Pulliam, James A.James A. Pulliam
22 Oliver Henry Shoup.jpg Shoup, Oliver HenryOliver Henry Shoup January 14, 1919

January 9, 1923
Republican 1918 Stepham, GeorgeGeorge Stepham
1920 Cooley, EarlEarl Cooley
23 William Sweet.gif Sweet, William ElleryWilliam Ellery Sweet January 9, 1923

January 13, 1925
Democratic 1922 Rockwell, Robert F.Robert F. Rockwell[g]
24 Morley, ClarenceClarence Morley January 13, 1925

January 11, 1927
Republican 1924 Lacy, Sterling ByrdSterling Byrd Lacy[l]
25 Adams, BillyBilly Adams January 11, 1927

January 10, 1933
Democratic 1926 Corlett, George MiltonGeorge Milton Corlett[g]
1928
1930 Johnson, Edwin C.Edwin C. Johnson
26 Edwin Johnson.jpg Johnson, Edwin C.Edwin C. Johnson January 10, 1933

January 1, 1937
Democratic 1932 Talbot, Ray HerbertRay Herbert Talbot
1934
[m]
27 Talbot, Ray HerbertRay Herbert Talbot January 1, 1937

January 12, 1937
Democratic Vacant
28 Ammons, TellerTeller Ammons January 12, 1937

January 10, 1939
Democratic 1936 Hayes, Frank J.Frank J. Hayes
29 Gov Ralph L Carr 1940.jpg Carr, Ralph LawrenceRalph Lawrence Carr January 10, 1939

January 12, 1943
Republican 1938 Vivian, John CharlesJohn Charles Vivian
1940
30 Vivian, John CharlesJohn Charles Vivian January 12, 1943

January 14, 1947
Republican 1942 Higby, William EugeneWilliam Eugene Higby
1944
31 Knous, William LeeWilliam Lee Knous January 14, 1947

April 15, 1950
Democratic 1946 Pearson, Homer L.Homer L. Pearson
1948
[n]
Johnson, Walter WalfordWalter Walford Johnson
32 Johnson, Walter WalfordWalter Walford Johnson April 15, 1950

January 9, 1951
Democratic Murphy, Charles P.Charles P. Murphy[g]
33 Daniel I.J. Thornton Colorado.jpg Thornton, Daniel I.J.Daniel I.J. Thornton January 9, 1951

January 11, 1955
Republican 1950 Allott, Gordon L.Gordon L. Allott
1952
34 Edwin Johnson.jpg Johnson, Edwin C.Edwin C. Johnson January 11, 1955

January 8, 1957
Democratic 1954 McNichols, Stephen L.R.Stephen L.R. McNichols
35 Stephen McNichols 1962.jpg McNichols, Stephen L.R.Stephen L.R. McNichols January 8, 1957

January 8, 1963
Democratic 1956 Hays, Frank L.Frank L. Hays[g]
1958
[o]
Knous, Robert LeeRobert Lee Knous
36 John A. Love.jpg Love, John ArthurJohn Arthur Love January 8, 1963

July 16, 1973
Republican 1962
1966 Hogan, Mark AnthonyMark Anthony Hogan[l]
1970
[p]
Vanderhoof, John DavidJohn David Vanderhoof
37 John D. Vanderhoof Colorado Governor.jpg Vanderhoof, John DavidJohn David Vanderhoof July 16, 1973

January 14, 1975
Republican Strickland, Ted L.Ted L. Strickland
38 Richard Lamm.jpg Lamm, RichardRichard Lamm January 14, 1975

January 13, 1987
Democratic 1974 Brown, George L.George L. Brown
1978 Dick, Nancy E.Nancy E. Dick
1982
39 Roy Romer Colorado.jpg Romer, RoyRoy Romer January 13, 1987

January 12, 1999
Democratic 1986 Callihan, MikeMike Callihan
(resigned May 10, 1994)
1990
Vacant
Cassidy, Samuel H.Samuel H. Cassidy
(took office May 11, 1994)
1994 Schoettler, GailGail Schoettler
40 Bill Owens 2002 (cropped).jpg Owens, BillBill Owens January 12, 1999

January 9, 2007
Republican 1998 Rogers, JoeJoe Rogers
2002 Norton, Jane E.Jane E. Norton
41 Bill Ritter official photo.jpg Ritter, BillBill Ritter January 9, 2007

January 11, 2011
Democratic 2006 O'Brien, BarbaraBarbara O'Brien
42 HickenlooperCropped.JPG Hickenlooper, JohnJohn Hickenlooper January 11, 2011

Present
Democratic 2010 Garcia, Joseph A.Joseph A. Garcia
(resigned May 12, 2016)
2014
[q]
Lynne, DonnaDonna Lynne

See also

Notes

  1. ^ The territory was formed on February 28, 1861, but no governor was appointed until March 25, 1861. Gilpin himself did not arrive in the territory until May 27, 1861.[8]
  2. ^ Removed from office for improper financial drafts from the federal treasury.[9]
  3. ^ Resigned at the request of President Johnson following the Sand Creek Massacre. The resignation was requested on July 18, 1865.[10]
  4. ^ Removed from office by petition.[12]
  5. ^ Records show Elbert served "less than a year", but his successor was appointed on June 19, 1874, which was 14 months after Elbert took office.[13]
  6. ^ Lieutenant governors represented the same party as their governor unless noted.
  7. ^ a b c d e f Represented the Republican Party.
  8. ^ Represented the Populist Party.
  9. ^ The Colorado State Archives labels Coates a Democrat;[22] however, a contemporary New York Times article describes him as a Populist elected on a fusion ticket, and that he had renounced all other parties and become a Socialist.[23]
  10. ^ The Colorado State Archives says Haggott served from 1902 to 1903; however, multiple sources say he served with Peabody[24] well into 1904,[25] so it is assumed the Archives are in error.
  11. ^ The 1904 election was rife with fraud and controversy. Alva Adams won election, but soon after he took office the Republican legislature declared James Peabody to be the actual winner, on the condition that Peabody immediately resign. Since Peabody had been governor for a few moments before resigning, it was his lieutenant governor, Jesse McDonald, that succeeded to the governorship. In all, Colorado had three governors on March 17, 1905.
  12. ^ a b Represented the Democratic Party.
  13. ^ Johnson resigned to take an elected seat in the United States Senate; as lieutenant governor, Talbot succeeded him.
  14. ^ Knous resigned to take a seat on the United States District Court for the District of Colorado; as lieutenant governor, Johnson succeeded him.
  15. ^ Terms were lengthened from two to four years beginning with this term.
  16. ^ Love resigned to be Director of the Office of Energy Policy; as lieutenant governor, Vanderhoof succeeded him.
  17. ^ Governor Hickenlooper's second term expires on January 8, 2019; he will be term limited.

References

General
  • "Governors of Colorado". National Governors Association. Retrieved August 29, 2016. 
  • "Biographies of the Governors of Colorado". Colorado State Archives. Retrieved January 18, 2008. 
  • "The Territorial Governors Collection". Colorado State Archives. Retrieved January 18, 2008. 
  • The University of Colorado Studies, volume IV. University of Colorado. 1907. 
Constitutions
  • "Constitution of the State of Colorado, as amended, annotated". Michie's Legal Resources. 1876. Retrieved October 22, 2008. 
  • "Constitution of the State of Colorado" (PDF). Colorado State Archives. 1876. Retrieved October 22, 2008. 
Specific
  1. ^ "CSG Releases 2013 Governor Salaries". The Council of State Governments. June 25, 2013. Retrieved November 23, 2014. 
  2. ^ CO Const. art IV
  3. ^ University of Colorado Studies, p. 71
  4. ^ University of Colorado Studies, p. 68
  5. ^ University of Colorado Studies, pp. 75–76
  6. ^ Thirty-sixth United States Congress (February 28, 1861). "An Act to provide a temporary Government for the Territory of Colorado" (PDF). State of Colorado, Department of Personnel and Administration, Colorado State Archives. Retrieved November 29, 2007. 
  7. ^ a b Houston Jr., Robert B. (2005). Two Colorado Odysseys: Chief Ouray Porter Nelson. p. 3. ISBN 0-595-35860-8. 
  8. ^ McGinnis, Ralph Y.; Calvin N. Smith (1994). Abraham Lincoln and the Western Territories. Rowman & Littlefield. p. 58. ISBN 0-8304-1247-6. 
  9. ^ "William Gilpin". Colorado Governor's Index. Colorado State Archives. Retrieved October 23, 2008. 
  10. ^ "Correspondence from W. H. Seward to Gov. John Evans, re: Request by President for Resignation – 7/18/1865". Colorado State Archives. Retrieved September 1, 2007. 
  11. ^ a b "Alexander Cummings". Colorado Governor's Index. Colorado State Archives. Retrieved September 1, 2007. 
  12. ^ a b c "Edward Moody McCook". Colorado Governor's Index. Colorado State Archives. Retrieved September 1, 2007. 
  13. ^ a b "Samuel Hitt Elbert". Colorado Governor's Index. Colorado State Archives. Retrieved September 1, 2007. 
  14. ^ "John L. Routt". Colorado Governor's Index. Colorado State Archives. Retrieved September 1, 2007. 
  15. ^ CO Const. art IV, original section 1
  16. ^ "Ballot History". Colorado Legislature. Retrieved December 4, 2008. 
  17. ^ "Ballot History". Colorado Legislature. Retrieved December 4, 2008. 
  18. ^ CO Const. art IV, sec 13
  19. ^ CO Const. art IV, sec 13, paragraph 7
  20. ^ "Ballot History". Colorado Legislature. Retrieved December 4, 2008. 
  21. ^ CO Const. art IV, sec 1
  22. ^ "Lieutenant Governors of Colorado". Colorado State Archives. Retrieved October 25, 2009. 
  23. ^ "General Notes". The New York Times. July 13, 1902. Retrieved October 25, 2009. 
  24. ^ Goodspeed, Weston Arthur (1904). The Province and the States: Missouri, Kansas, Colorado. p. 481. Retrieved October 25, 2009. 
  25. ^ "Shots Fired from Windows". The New York Times. June 6, 1904. Retrieved October 25, 2009. 

External links

  • Office of the Governor of Colorado
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