List of Governors-General of French Indochina

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French Indochina, 1930.
Emblem of the Government-General of French Indochina

This is a list of European (as well as Japanese and Chinese) colonial administrators responsible for the territory of French Indochina, an area equivalent to modern-day Vietnam, Laos and Cambodia.


(Dates in italics indicate de facto continuation of office)

Tenure Portrait Incumbent Notes
French Indochina
French Indochina formed (Cambodia, Annam, Tonkin, and Cochinchina, and from 3 October 1893, Laos)
16 November 1887 to April 1888 Constans, Ernest.jpg Jean Antoine Ernest Constans, Governor-General
April 1888 to 31 May 1889 Étienne Antoine Guillaume Richaud, Governor-General
31 May 1889 to April 1891 Jules Georges Piquet, Governor-General
April 1891 to June 1891 Bideau, acting Governor-General
June 1891 to 31 December 1894 Jean-Marie de Lanessan.jpg Jean Marie Antoine de Lanessan, Governor-General
March 1894 to October 1894 Léon Jean Laurent Chavassieux, acting Governor-General Acting for Lanessan
December 1894 to February 1895 François Pierre Rodier, acting Governor-General
February 1895 to 10 December 1896 Paul Armand Rosseau, Governor-General
December 1896 to 13 February 1897 Augustin Julien Fourès, acting Governor-General
13 February 1897 to October 1902 Paul Doumer 1931.jpg Joseph Athanase Paul Doumer, Governor-General
October 1902 to February 1908 Jean Baptiste Paul Beau, Governor-General
18 February 1907 to September 1907 Louis Alphonse Bonhoure, acting Governor-General
September 1908 to January 1910 Antony Wladislas Klobukowski, Governor-General
January 1910 to February 1911 Albert Jean George Marie Louis Picquié, acting Governor-General
February 1911 to November 1911 Paul Louis Luce, Governor-General
November 1911 to January 1914 Sarraut 1914.jpg Albert Sarraut, Governor-General 1st time
January 1914 to 7 April 1915 Joost van Vollenhoven.gif Joost van Vollenhoven, acting Governor-General
April 1915 to May 1916 Ernest Roume, Governor-General
May 1916 to January 1917 Jean Eugène Charles, acting Governor-General
January 1917 to May 1919 Sarraut 1914.jpg Albert Sarraut, Governor-General 2nd time
May 1919 to February 1920 Maurice Antoine François Montguillot, acting Governor-General 1st time
February 1920 to April 1922 Maurice Long.jpg Maurice Long, Governor-General
April 1922 to August 1922 François Marius Baudouin, acting Governor-General
August 1922 to April 1925 Martial Merlin.jpg Martial Henri Merlin, Governor-General
April 1925 to November 1925 Maurice Antoine François Montguillot, acting Governor-General 2nd time
18 November 1925 to January 1928 Alexandre Varenne.jpg Alexandre Varenne, Governor-General
January 1928 to August 1928 Maurice Antoine François Montguillot, acting Governor-General 3rd time
22 August 1928 to 15 January 1934 Pierre Marie Antoine Pasquier, Governor-General
15 January 1934 to September 1936 Eugène Jean Louis René Robin, Governor-General
September 1936 to 23 August 1939 Jules Brévié.jpg Jules Brévié, Governor-General
23 August 1939 to 25 June 1940 Georges Catroux 1940.jpg Georges Catroux, acting Governor-General
25 June 1940 to 9 March 1945 Jean Decoux 1919.jpg Jean Decoux, Governor-General Continued to serve following the Japanese invasion; deposed in the Japanese coup d'état
Japanese Military Occupation
9 March 1945 to 28 August 1945 Yuitsu Tsuchihashi.jpg Yuitsu Tsuchihashi, Governor-General
9 March 1945 to 15 August 1945 Takeshi Tsukamoto, acting Governor-General Acting for Tsuchihashi
Allied Military Administration
Above 16th parallel
9 September 1945 to 6 March 1946 Lu Han.jpg Lu Han, Military Governor (Republic of China)
Below 16th parallel
6 September 1945 to 28 January 1946 Gracey Douglas David.jpg Douglas Gracey, Military Governor (United Kingdom)
French Indochina
23 September 1945 to 5 October 1945 Jean Marie Arsène Cédile, acting High Commissioner
5 October 1945 to 31 October 1945 Leclerc-casque.jpg Philippe Leclerc de Hauteclocque, acting High Commissioner
31 October 1945 to 1 April 1947 News. Commandant Thierry d'Argenlieu BAnQ P48S1P07042.jpg Georges Thierry d'Argenlieu, High Commissioner
1 April 1947 to 20 October 1948 Émile Bollaert 1932.jpg Émile Bollaert, High Commissioner
20 October 1948 to 17 December 1950 Léon Pignon, High Commissioner
17 December 1950 to 11 January 1952 Jean de Lattre de Tassigny (1946).jpg Jean de Lattre de Tassigny, High Commissioner Died in office
11 January 1952 to 1 April 1952 Raoul Salan (1961).jpg Raoul Salan, acting High Commissioner
1 April 1952 to 27 April 1953 Jean Letourneau, High Commissioner
27 April 1953 to 17 August 1953 Jean Letourneau, Commissioner-General
17 August 1953 to 10 April 1954 Maurice Dejean, Commissioner-General Served at the time of the Battle of Dien Bien Phu
10 April 1954 to 2 June 1955 Paul Ély, Commissioner-General
June 1955 to 21 July 1956 Henri Hoppenot, Commissioner-General

See also


  • Public Domain This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainChisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "article name needed". Encyclopædia Britannica (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. 
  • Olivier Wieviorka (2008). Normandy: the landings to the liberation of Paris. Harvard University Press. ISBN 978-0-674-02838-8.

External links

  • Alexandre Varenne in Indochina
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