Gorakhpur district

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Gorakhpur district
Location of Gorakhpur district in Uttar Pradesh
Location of Gorakhpur district in Uttar Pradesh
Country India
State Uttar Pradesh
Division Gorakhpur
Headquarters Gorakhpur
Tehsils 7
 • Lok Sabha constituencies Gorakhpur, Bansgaon
 • Total 3,483.8 km2 (1,345.1 sq mi)
 • Total 4,440,895
 • Density 1,300/km2 (3,300/sq mi)
 • Literacy 70.83%.
 • Sex ratio 950
Time zone UTC+05:30 (IST)
Major highways NH 28, NH 233B, NH 29
Website http://gorakhpur.nic.in/

Gorakhpur is a district of Uttar Pradesh in India. It is one of the major and largest districts of Uttar Pradesh. Gorakhpur is the administrative headquarters of the district.


The district was ceded by the Nawab of Awadh to the British East India Company in 1801. It was the location of the Chauri Chaura incident in 1922. It was earlier expanded to north till Nepal border but northern part was carved out to form a new Maharajganj district in 1989.[citation needed]


Gorakhpur district lies between latitude 26°46'N and longitude 83°2'E. The district covers an area of 3,483.8 square kilometres (1,345.1 sq mi). It is bounded by Maharajganj district to the north, Kushinagar and Deoria districts in the east, Ambedkar Nagar, Azamgarh, and Mau districts to the south, and Sant Kabir Nagar district to the west. The district is part of Gorakhpur division.[2]


In 2006 the Ministry of Panchayati Raj named Gorakhpur one of the country's 250 most backward districts (out of a total of 640). It is one of the 34 districts in Uttar Pradesh currently receiving funds from the Backward Regions Grant Fund Programme (BRGF).[3]


Religion in Gorakhpur[citation needed]
Religion Percent

According to the 2011 census, Gorakhpur district has a population of 4,440,895,[citation needed] roughly equal to the nation of Croatia[4] or the US state of Kentucky.[5] This gives it a ranking of 40th in India (out of a total of 640). The district has a population density of 1,337 inhabitants per square kilometre (3,460/sq mi). Its population growth rate over the decade 2001–2011 was 17.81%. Gorakhpur has a sex ratio of 944 females for every 1000 males, and a literacy rate of 70.83%.[citation needed]

Historical population
Year Pop. ±% p.a.
1901 954,789 —    
1911 1,040,392 +0.86%
1921 1,061,375 +0.20%
1931 1,185,436 +1.11%
1941 1,311,976 +1.02%
1951 1,473,156 +1.17%
1961 1,673,134 +1.28%
1971 1,980,329 +1.70%
1981 2,460,611 +2.20%
1991 3,066,002 +2.22%
2001 3,769,456 +2.09%
2011 4,440,895 +1.65%


Vernaculars spoken in Gorakhpur include the Hindi language with almost 4,000,000 speakers, and Bhojpuri, written in the Devanagari scripts.[7]


See also


  1. ^ "Gorakhpur". Retrieved 26 October 2018.
  2. ^ "Gorakhpur". Retrieved 5 August 2010.
  3. ^ Ministry of Panchayati Raj (8 September 2009). "A Note on the Backward Regions Grant Fund Programme" (PDF). National Institute of Rural Development. Archived from the original (PDF) on 5 April 2012. Retrieved 27 September 2011.
  4. ^ US Directorate of Intelligence. "Country Comparison:Population". Retrieved 1 October 2011. Croatia 4,440,895 July 2011 est.
  5. ^ "2010 Resident Population Data". U. S. Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 21 July 2011. Retrieved 30 September 2011. Kentucky 4,440,895
  6. ^ Decadal Variation In Population Since 1901
  7. ^ M. Paul Lewis, ed. (2009). "Bhojpuri: A language of India". Ethnologue: Languages of the World (16th ed.). Dallas, Texas: SIL International. Retrieved 30 September 2011.

External links

  • Official website
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