Gorakhpur

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Gorakhpur
Gorakhnath Math, Taramandal, Geeta Press
Gorakhpur is located in India
Gorakhpur
Gorakhpur
Gorakhpur is located in Uttar Pradesh
Gorakhpur
Gorakhpur
Coordinates: 26°45′32″N 83°22′11″E / 26.7588°N 83.3697°E / 26.7588; 83.3697Coordinates: 26°45′32″N 83°22′11″E / 26.7588°N 83.3697°E / 26.7588; 83.3697
Country India
State Uttar Pradesh
District Gorakhpur
Government
 • Gorakhpur (Lok Sabha Constituency) Yogi Adityanath (BJP)
Area
 • Metropolitan 141 km2 (54 sq mi)
Elevation 84 m (276 ft)
Population (2011)
 • Total 673,446[1]
Languages
 • Official Hindi
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
PIN 2730xx
Telephone code +91-551
Vehicle registration UP 53
Sex ratio 1000/944 /
Avg. annual temperature 26 °C (79 °F)
Avg. summer temperature 40 °C (104 °F)
Avg. winter temperature 18 °C (64 °F)
Website gorakhpur.nic.in

Gorakhpur is a city located along the banks of Rapti river in the north-eastern part of the Indian state of Uttar Pradesh, with a population of 673,446. It is located near the Nepal border, 273 kilometres east of the state capital Lucknow. It is the administrative headquarters of Gorakhpur district and Gorakhpur division. The city is home to the Gorakhnath Math, a Gorakshanath temple

Etymology

The name "Gorakhpur" comes from the Sanskrit Gorakshapuram, which means abode of Gorakshanath, a renowned ascetic who was a prominent saint of the Nath Sampradaya.[2][3]

Geography

Gorakhpur is one of the most flood-prone districts in Eastern Uttar Pradesh. Data over the past 100 years show a considerable increase in the intensity and frequency of floods, with extreme events occurring every three to four years. Roughly 20% of the population is affected by floods, which are an annual occurrence in some areas, causing huge loss of life, health and livelihoods for the poor inhabitants, as well as damage to public and private property.[4]

Research from the Climate and Development Knowledge shows that measures are in place to mitigate disaster risk in the form of the Gorakhpur DEaste Management Plan. However, this plan focuses on how agencies can co-ordinate following floods and lacks a systematic approach to identifying weather-related hazards and vulnerability.[5]

Climate

The Köppen Climate Classification subtype for this climate is "Cfa" (Humid Subtropical Climate).[6]

Climate data for Gorakhpur
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 23.2
(73.8)
26.5
(79.7)
32.7
(90.9)
37.9
(100.2)
39.5
(103.1)
37.2
(99)
33.2
(91.8)
32.7
(90.9)
33.1
(91.6)
32.6
(90.7)
29.3
(84.7)
24.6
(76.3)
31.9
(89.4)
Average low °C (°F) 9.5
(49.1)
12.0
(53.6)
16.9
(62.4)
22.3
(72.1)
25.2
(77.4)
26.2
(79.2)
25.7
(78.3)
25.5
(77.9)
24.7
(76.5)
21.2
(70.2)
15.0
(59)
10.6
(51.1)
19.6
(67.3)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 21.7
(0.854)
11.4
(0.449)
10.2
(0.402)
13.7
(0.539)
27.4
(1.079)
163.6
(6.441)
322.3
(12.689)
349.5
(13.76)
213.9
(8.421)
83.8
(3.299)
4.5
(0.177)
6.1
(0.24)
1,228.1
(48.35)
Source: IMD

Transport

Railways

Gorakhpur Junction railway station

Gorakhpur is well connected through rail network and Gorakhpur railway station is one of the important stations in the area, as it serves as the headquarters of North Eastern zone

The station offers Class A railway station facilities. On 6 October 2013, Gorakhpur has the world's Longest Railway platform, after inauguration of the remodelled Gorakhpur Yard, with a stretch of around 1.35 kilometres (0.84 mi).[7][8][9][10]

Gorakhpur is the headquarters of North Eastern Railways.[11]

Air

An air force station in Gorakhpur was established in 1963 as Gorakhpur Airport.[12] Air India and SpiceJet flights connect Gorakhpur to Delhi and Kolkata.[13]

Education

Gorakhpur has 2 universities named Deen Dayal Upadhyay Gorakhpur University and Madan Mohan Malaviya University of Technology, a medical college named Baba Raghav Das Medical College and a sports college named Veer Bahadur Singh Sports College, Gorakhpur.

Notable residents

Geographic location

See also

References

  1. ^ "Gorakpur population". 
  2. ^ "History - Origin of Name". gorakhpur.nic.in. Retrieved 10 January 2017. 
  3. ^ Mallinson, James (2011) 'Nāth Saṃpradāya.' In: Brill Encyclopedia of Hinduism Vol. 3. Brill, pp. 407-428.
  4. ^ Integrating climate change concerns into disaster management planning: The case of Gorakhpur, India by Shiraz A. Wajih and Shashikant Chopde, the Climate and Environment Knowledge Network, 2014
  5. ^ Integrating climate change concerns into disaster management planning: The case of Gorakhpur, India
  6. ^ Climate Summary for Gorakhpur (from Weatherbase.com)
  7. ^ http://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/city/lucknow/Gorakhpur-gets-worlds-largest-railway-platform/articleshow/23616764.cms
  8. ^ http://www.mynews.in/News/gorakhpur_railway_station_to_have_longest_platform_in_asia_N33503.html
  9. ^ http://articles.timesofindia.indiatimes.com/2013-06-02/varanasi/39690667_1_gorakhpur-railway-station-final-stage-cabway
  10. ^ "Gorakhpur gets world's longest railway platform". अमर उजाला (Amar Ujala). 13 February 2012. Retrieved 7 October 2013. 
  11. ^ North Eastern Railway. Ner.indianrailways.gov.in. Retrieved on 2011-10-21.
  12. ^ No. 105 Helicopter Unit. Indian Air Force
  13. ^ "Gorakhpur Airport, Flights to / from Gorakhpur | Information on Gorakhpur Airport (GOP) Gorakhpur". 
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