Gopinath Mohanty

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Gopinath Mohanty
Gopinath Mohanty 01.jpg
Gopinath Mohanty at Home in Bhubaneswar in 80s
Born (1914-04-20)20 April 1914
Nagabali, Cuttack
Died 20 August 1991(1991-08-20) (aged 77)
San Jose, California
Nationality Indian
Education M.A.
Alma mater Ravenshaw College
Patna University
Occupation Administrator, professor
Awards Jnanpith Award
Padma Bhushan

Gopinath Mohanty (1914–1991), winner of the Jnanpith award, and the first winner of the National Sahitya Akademi Award in 1955 - for his novel, Amrutara Santana - was a prolific Odia writer of the mid-twentieth century. He is widely regarded as the greatest Odia writer since Fakir Mohan Senapati.

Gopinath Mohanty with wife Adaramani in 1960s

Career

He joined the Odisha Administrative Service in 1938 and retired in 1969. He was the University Grants Commission, UGC Distinguished Visiting Professor and Writer-in-Residence for two years at the English Department, Utkal University in the late 1970s.

In 1986, he joined San Jose State University in the United States as an Adjunct Professor of Social Sciences. He died at San Jose, California on 20 August 1991.

Novels

Gopinath’s first novel, Mana Gahirara Chasa, was published in 1940, which was followed by Dadi Budha (1944), Paraja (1945) and Amrutara Santana (1947). His literary output was prolific. He wrote twenty-four novels, ten collections of short stories, three plays, two biographies, two volumes of critical essays, and five books on the languages of the Kandha, Gadaba and Saora tribes of Odisha. He translated Tolstoy’s War and Peace (Yuddh O Shanti), in three volumes, 1985–86), and Rabindranath Tagore’s Jogajog, (1965), into Odia.

Paraja (1945) is a story based on the life of a tribal community. It is the tale of one’s attachment to land, the soil of one’s ancestors. Sitakant Mahapatra describes the novel as " the story of shattered dreams".[1][full citation needed]

Amrutara Santana (1947), the first novel to receive the Central Sahitya Akademi Award (1955), is centred round the life of the Kandhas, another tribe in the southern parts of Odisha.

Short stories

In the post-Independence era Odia fiction assumed a new direction. The trend which Fakir Mohan Senapati had started developed more after the 1950s. Gopinath Mohanty, Surendra Mohanty and Manoj Das are considered as the three jewels of this time. They are pioneers of a new trend, that of developing or projecting the "individual as protagonist" in Odia fiction. The feminist writer and critic Sarojini Sahoo believes that it was not Gopinath, but Surendra Mohanty whose "Ruti O Chandra" has to be considered as the first story with individualistic approach rather than the story "Dan" by Gopinth, which was formerly known as the first story with an "individualistic attitude".[2][full citation needed]

Translations

Five of Gopinath’s novels, Paraja, Danapani, Laya Bilaya, Amrutara Santana, and Dadi Budha, have been translated into English. The first three have been translated by Bikram K. Das, the fourth by Professor Bidhu Bhusan Das, Professor Prabhat Nalini Das and Professor Oopali Operajita; and the last, by Arun Kumar Mohanty. The English version of Paraja was published by Faber and Faber (UK) and Oxford University Press (India) in 1987. The Survivor, the English translation of Danapani, was published by Macmillan India Limited in 1995. "Amrutara Santana - The Dynasty of The Immortals," has been published by the Central Sahitya Akademi in 2016. The translation of Laya Bilaya which bears the title, High Tide, Ebb Tide, has been published by Lark Books. The Ancestor, the translation of Gopinath’s Dadi Budha, has been brought out by the Sahitya Akademi. Besides, a number of short stories of Gopinath have also been translated. It is extremely difficult to render in English the nuances of Gopinath Mohanty’s language. However, translators have attempted to convey the richness and complexity of the original texts to readers unfamiliar with Odia.

Awards

He received the Visuva Milan citation in 1950. He won the central Sahitya Akademi Award in 1955 for his novel, Amrutara Santana.[citation needed] The Jnanpith Award was conferred on him in 1973 for his epic-prose Mati Matala (The Fertile Soil).[3] He was awarded the Soviet Land Nehru Award in 1970, for his Odia Translation of Gorky's work, the D. Litt. Degree by Sambalpur University in 1976 and a Fellowship for Creative Writing in Odia by the U.G.C. in 1979. In 1981, the government of India conferred on him Padma Bhushan in recognition of his distinguished contribution to literature. He was an Emeritus Fellow of Government of India for creative writing.[citation needed]

See also

References

  1. ^ reaching the other share, Delhi; B.R. publication, 1992 P.33
  2. ^ Istahar-92, (26th Volume, 2nd Issue)
  3. ^ "Jnanpith Laureates Official listings". Jnanpith Website.

Further reading

  • George, K. M., ed. (1992). Modern Indian Literature, an Anthology: Surveys and poems. 1. Sahitya Akademi. p. 302. ISBN 978-8-17201-324-0.
Retrieved from "https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Gopinath_Mohanty&oldid=864444503"
This content was retrieved from Wikipedia : http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gopinath_Mohanty
This page is based on the copyrighted Wikipedia article "Gopinath Mohanty"; it is used under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License (CC-BY-SA). You may redistribute it, verbatim or modified, providing that you comply with the terms of the CC-BY-SA