Gondwana Kingdom

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Gondwana Kingdom was the ruling kingdom in Gondwana region of India.The Gondwana region includes core region of eastern part of the Vidarbha of Maharashtra, the parts of Madhya Pradesh immediately to the north of it, and parts of the west of Chhattisgarh. The wider region extends beyond these, also including parts of northern Telangana, western Odisha and southern Uttar Pradesh.

The Gondwana Kingdom was ruled by Rajgonds.The Rajgonds are the ruling class among the Gond tribe . The Gond Tribal is the dominating Community in Gondwana region. The name Gondwana named after Gondi people.

Gondwana means “Country inhabited by Gonds”.

In early period Gondwana kingdom was consist of majorly four kingdoms The Northern Gondwana was Garha Katanga or Garha Mandla Kingdom of Jabalpur and Southern part was Chanda Kingdom of Chandrapur. The western past was Kherla Kingdom of Betul and in 16th century Devgarh Kingdom of Chhindwara was emerges as strong kingdom.

The Gonds were first mentioned in 14th-century Muslim chronicles. From the 14th to the 18th century the area was held by powerful Gond dynasties, which during Mughal times remained independent or served as tributary chiefs. When in the 18th century the Gonds were conquered by the Marathas, the greater part of Gondwana was incorporated into the dominions of the Bhonsle rajas of Nagpur or the nizams of Hyderabad. Many Gonds took refuge in relatively inaccessible highlands and became tribal raiders. Between 1818 and 1853 the greater part of the region passed to the British, although in some minor states the Gond rajas continued to rule until Indian independence in 1947.

History

Garha Katanga or Garha Mandla Kingdom

The Garha Kingdom was founded by Yadavrai in 358 BC. The greatest ruler was Sangram Shah, the 48th ruler of Garha Kingdom who conquered 52 forts called Garh to strengthen and spread the Gond Empire. The Chouragrh Fort in Narsinghpur was built in honour of conquering 52 forts. Sangram Shah is best known as a patron of arts and literature and for his great knowledge of Sanskrit. "Rasratnamala" was written by Sangram Shah.

His son Dalpat Shah was married to Rani Durgawati who was Chandel princes. Rani Durgawati is the known for the bravery and sacrifice for her country. She battled against Mughal Empire of Akbar lead by Asaf khan.

Hridayshah was the music lover. He was 54th ruler of Garha Kingdom. He gave his contributions for music .Hriday koutuk and Hriday prakash was written by him. He moved his capital from Chouragarh to Ramnagar of Mandla district.

Shankar shah and Raghunath Shah was the freedom fighter who revolted against the British Raj in 1857.

Devgarh-Nagpur Kingdom

References

External links

  • James Princep F.R.S., ed. (August 1837). The journal of the Asiatic Society of Bengal. vol. 6 part 2. Calcutta :Bishop's College Press,1832-1936. pp. 621–647.
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