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Glorification may have several meanings in the Christian religion. From the Catholic canonization to the similar sainthood of the Eastern Orthodox Church to the salvation in Christianity in Protestant beliefs, the glorification of the human condition can be a long and arduous process.


For the process by which the Roman Catholic Church grants official recognition to someone as a saint, see canonization.

Eastern Orthodox Church

Tsar Alexis of Russia (reigned 1645-1676) praying before the relics of Metropolitan Philip of Moscow (in office 1566-1568)
The incorrupt Relics of St. John (Maximovitch) at the time of his glorification in San Francisco in 1994

The Orthodox Church in America uses the term "glorification" to refer to the official recognition of a person as a saint of the Church.[1][2]

The Russian Orthodox Church uses both канонизация "canonization"[3] and прославление[4] "glorification."[5]

Oriental Orthodox Church

The Oriental Orthodox Churches also hold a doctrinal tradition similar to the Eastern Orthodox Churches whereby martyrs are not in need of any formal glorification. With time, the greatness of their sanctity which is venerated by the faithful is recognized by the Church. In the words of Armenian Patriarch H. H. Karekin II, "The Armenian Church doesn't sanctify. It recognizes the sanctity of saints or of those people that is already common among people or has been shown with evidence".[6] This is in conformity with the tradition of other Churches in the Oriental Orthodox family such as Coptic Orthodox Church, Syriac Orthodox Church, Ethiopian Orthodox Church and Indian Orthodox Church. The instances of glorification of the 21 Coptic martyrs[7][8] in 2015 or the victims of Armenian genocide[9] of 1915 simply serve as official recognition given by the hierarchs to the steadfast faith of those who laid down their lives in defense of their Christian identity.


The Anglican churches practice canonization of saints, somewhat similar to the Catholic concept. There are two events that occur during glorification, these are "the receiving of perfection by the elect before entering into the kingdom of heaven," and "the receiving of the resurrection bodies by the elect".

Glorification is the third stage of Christian development. The first being justification, then sanctification, and finally glorification. (Rom. 8:28-30) Glorification is the completion, the consummation, the perfection, and the full realization of salvation.

Glorification as a term is modified by its target, i.e. who is being glorified: God or the Christian? The third stage of Christian development is to glorify God through one's life, to decrease so that He may increase so that as others encounter a living breathing Christian who is walking in Glorification, they encounter Christ and perceive His Glory and His presence. This is attainable while living,[citation needed] just as justification and sanctification are attainable while living.

Receiving of perfection

Glorification is the Protestant alternative to Purgatory, as it is "the means by which the elect receive perfection before entering into the kingdom of Heaven." According to the theologies of most major Protestant groups, Purgatory is a doctrine of the Catholic Church, a holding place for those whose lives were dominated by venial sins but not guilty of mortal sins. On the other hand, to Protestants, glorification is a continuous, flowing process, whereby believers in Jesus the Christ, who have either died or who are raptured alive (called up into heaven), receive glorified, perfect bodies and souls, sinless and Christlike. Those still living on earth have no effect on the outcome of those believers who have died or are raptured, nor do they have an effect on those who die without Christ.

While purgatory deals with the means by which the elect become perfect, Glorification deals with believers in Jesus being given perfection. The majority of Protestant denominations believe in this concept of glorification or something analogous to it, although some have alternative names for it.[citation needed]

Receiving of the resurrection bodies

After the final judgement, all the righteous dead shall arise and their bodies will be perfected and will become a glorified body. Only then can they enter heaven. To paraphrase C. S. Lewis's Weight of Glory: "If we were to see them in their glorified forms we would be tempted to bow down and worship them."


  1. ^ "What does "Glorification" Mean?" by Fr. Alexy Young
  2. ^ "The Glorification of Saints in the Orthodox Church" by Fr. Joseph Frawley
  3. ^ "Почему был канонизирован Николай Второй?" by Protodeacon Andrey Kuraev at (17 July 2009)
  4. ^ "Прославление святых – это не дело узкого круга специалистов, это дело всей Церкви" by Julija Birjukova at (9 Dec. 2013)
  5. ^ "On the Glorification of Saints" by Protopresbyter Michael Pomazansky
  6. ^
  7. ^
  8. ^
  9. ^

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