Gloppen

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Gloppen kommune
Municipality
Views of Gloppen
Views of Gloppen
Coat of arms of Gloppen kommune
Coat of arms
Official logo of Gloppen kommune
Sogn og Fjordane within
Norway
Gloppen within Sogn og Fjordane
Gloppen within Sogn og Fjordane
Coordinates: 61°44′38″N 06°10′14″E / 61.74389°N 6.17056°E / 61.74389; 6.17056Coordinates: 61°44′38″N 06°10′14″E / 61.74389°N 6.17056°E / 61.74389; 6.17056
Country Norway
County Sogn og Fjordane
District Nordfjord
Administrative centre Sandane
Government
 • Mayor (2015) Leidulf Gloppestad (Sp)
Area
 • Total 1,030.51 km2 (397.88 sq mi)
 • Land 963.52 km2 (372.02 sq mi)
 • Water 66.99 km2 (25.86 sq mi)
Area rank #105 in Norway
Population (2017)
 • Total 5,783
 • Rank #180 in Norway
 • Density 6.0/km2 (16/sq mi)
 • Change (10 years) 1.0%
Demonym(s) Gloppar[1]
Time zone CET (UTC+01:00)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+02:00)
ISO 3166 code NO-1445
Official language form Nynorsk
Website www.gloppen.kommune.no
Data from Statistics Norway

Gloppen is a municipality in the county of Sogn og Fjordane, Norway. It is located in the traditional district of Nordfjord. Gloppen is generally subdivided into three areas: Hyen in the west, Gloppen in the center, and Breim in the east.

Each of the areas have their own main service centres. Sandane, the administrative centre of the municipality, is the largest with about 2,500 inhabitants. Sandane, Vereide, and Sørstranda are centered on the Gloppefjorden in Gloppen in the central part of the municipality. The villages of Byrkjelo, Re, Kandal, and Egge are centered on the lake Breimsvatnet in the Breim area in the east. The villages of Straume, Eimhjellen, and Solheim are located around the Hyefjorden in Hyen in the west. The whole municipality sits on the southern side of the large Nordfjorden.

The European route E39 highway runs through the municipality before crossing the Nordfjorden on a car ferry. The Sandane Airport, Anda is located along the E39 highway, just north of Vereide.

The 1,031-square-kilometre (398 sq mi) municipality is the 105th largest by area out of the 422 municipalities in Norway. Gloppen is the 180th most populous municipality in Norway with a population of 5,783. The municipality's population density is 6 inhabitants per square kilometre (16/sq mi) and its population has increased by 1% over the last decade.[2]

General information

Map of Gloppen

Gloppen was established as a municipality on 1 January 1838 (see formannskapsdistrikt). The original municipality was identical to the Gloppen parish (prestegjeld) including the sub-parishes (sokn) of Gimmestad, Breim, and Vereide. On 1 January 1886, the sub-parish of Breim (population: 1,823) was separated from Gloppen to form its own municipality. This left Gloppen with 2,970 residents.[3]

During the 1960s, there were many municipal mergers across Norway due to the work of the Schei Committee. On 1 January 1964, the municipality of Breim (population: 1,731) was merged back into the municipality of Gloppen. After the merger, the population of Gloppen was 5,702. On 1 January 1965, the Hoplandsgrenda area (population: 42) of Gloppen municipality (on the northern shore of the Nordfjorden) was transferred to neighboring Stryn Municipality. On 1 January 1992, the Lote area of Gloppen (also on the north side of the Nordfjorden) was transferred to Eid Municipality. This left all of Gloppen located south of the Nordfjorden.[3]

Name

The name (Old Norse Gloppi) was originally the name of a fjord (now Gloppefjorden). The name is probably derived from the word gloppa which means "narrow opening".[4]

Coat-of-arms

The municipal coat-of-arms was granted on 19 December 1986. It shows a silver-colored fjord horse on a blue background. This was chosen since these horses are bred in the area.[5]

Churches

The Church of Norway has four parishes (sokn) within the municipality of Gloppen. It is part of the Nordfjord deanery in the Diocese of Bjørgvin.

Churches in Gloppen
Parish (Sokn) Church Name Location of the Church Year Built
Breim Breim Church Re 1886
Gimmestad Gimmestad Church Sørstranda 1910
Old Gimmestad Church Sørstranda 1690
Hyen Hyen Church Straume 1876
Vereide Sandane Church Sandane 1997
Vereide Church Vereide 12th century

Government

Myklebustdalen valley east of Byrkjelo
Karnilshaugen from Gloppefjorden

All municipalities in Norway, including Gloppen, are responsible for primary education (through 10th grade), outpatient health services, senior citizen services, unemployment and other social services, zoning, economic development, and municipal roads. The municipality is governed by a municipal council of elected representatives, which in turn elect a mayor.

Municipal council

The municipal council (Kommunestyre) of Gloppen is made up of 27 representatives that are elected to four year terms. Currently, the party breakdown is as follows:[6]

Gloppen Kommunestyre 2015–2019
Party Name Name in Norwegian Number of
representatives
  Labour Party Arbeiderpartiet 2
  Conservative Party Høgre 2
  Christian Democratic Party Kristelig Folkeparti 7
  Green Party Miljøpartiet Dei Grøne 1
  Centre Party Senterpartiet 11
  Socialist Left Party Sosialistisk Venstreparti 1
  Liberal Party Venstre 1
  Local Lists Lokale lister 2
Total number of members: 27

Mayor

The mayor (ordførar) of a municipality in Norway is a representative of the majority party of the municipal council who is elected to lead the council. Leidulf Gloppestad of the Centre Party (Senterpartiet) was elected mayor for the 2015–2019 term.

Geography

The municipality is located southern shores of the Nordfjorden. To the north is the municipality of Eid, to the east is Stryn, to the south is Naustdal and Jølster, and to the west is Flora and Bremanger. There are two fjords that branch off the main fjord into Gloppen: Hyefjorden and Gloppefjorden.

Gloppen has a natural landscape with virtually unspoiled nature ranging from sea level up to high-alpine mountains of some 1,800 metres (5,900 ft) height. Snønipa is the highest mountain in the municipality and is located at the Myklebustbreen glacier. The lakes Breimsvatn and Emhjellevatnet are, respectively, the first and second largest lakes in Gloppen. There are also some large glaciers such as Ålfotbreen, Gjegnalundsbreen, and Myklebustbreen. The river Gloppeelva runs from the lake Breimsvatnet to the Gloppefjorden.

Economy

The dominant trades and industries in Gloppen are agriculture and farming. The municipal centre Sandane is also home to a college of secondary education and a branch of Sogn og Fjordane University College which specialized in music therapy (this school closed in 2005). The Firda Upper Secondary School is located in Sandane.

Attractions

Karnilshaugen

Gloppen is the site of Karnils tumulus burial mound (Norwegian: Karnilshaugen) from the Old Norse word haugr meaning mound or barrow. Karnilshaugen or Tinghaugen på Hauge is located on the Hauge farm west of Sandane. Karnilshaugen is probably one of the ten largest mounds in Nordfjord. The burial mound was built on top of Tinghaug, the site of a Thing (assembly). Tinghaug was a place of public gathering, for cultural events and religious actions.[7][8]

References

  1. ^ "Navn på steder og personer: Innbyggjarnamn" (in Norwegian). Språkrådet. Retrieved 2015-12-01. 
  2. ^ Statistisk sentralbyrå (2017). "Table: 06913: Population 1 January and population changes during the calendar year (M)" (in Norwegian). Retrieved 2017-10-22. 
  3. ^ a b Jukvam, Dag (1999). "Historisk oversikt over endringer i kommune- og fylkesinndelingen" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Statistics Norway. 
  4. ^ Rygh, Oluf (1919). Norske gaardnavne: Nordre Bergenhus amt (in Norwegian) (12 ed.). Kristiania, Norge: W. C. Fabritius & sønners bogtrikkeri. p. 455. 
  5. ^ "Civic heraldry of Norway - Norske Kommunevåpen". Heraldry of the World. Retrieved 2017-10-22. 
  6. ^ "Table: 04813: Members of the local councils, by party/electoral list at the Municipal Council election (M)" (in Norwegian). Statistics Norway. 2015. 
  7. ^ Informasjonstavle i Karnilstunet, ved Karnilshaugen (Satt opp av «Stiftelsen Karnilstunet». 2001)
  8. ^ Karnilshaugen på gården Hauge i Sandane, Gloppen, Norge (Solverv)

Other sources

External links

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