Glomfjord

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Glomfjord
Village
View of the village
View of the village
Glomfjord is located in Nordland
Glomfjord
Glomfjord
Location in Nordland
Glomfjord is located in Norway
Glomfjord
Glomfjord
Glomfjord (Norway)
Coordinates: 66°49′00″N 13°56′38″E / 66.8166°N 13.9440°E / 66.8166; 13.9440Coordinates: 66°49′00″N 13°56′38″E / 66.8166°N 13.9440°E / 66.8166; 13.9440
Country Norway
Region Northern Norway
County Nordland
District Salten
Municipality Meløy
Area
 • Total 1.14 km2 (0.44 sq mi)
Elevation 111 m (364 ft)
Population
(2018)[1]
 • Total 1,077
 • Density 945/km2 (2,450/sq mi)
Time zone UTC+01:00 (CET)
 • Summer (DST) UTC+02:00 (CEST)
Post Code
8160 Glomfjord

Glomfjord is a village in the municipality of Meløy in Nordland county, Norway. The industrial community is located along Norwegian County Road 17 at the head of the Glomfjorden, just north of the Arctic Circle. The 1.14-square-kilometre (280-acre) village has a population (2018) of 1,077 and a population density of 945 inhabitants per square kilometre (2,450/sq mi).[1]

Heavy industry

The village is based around the Glomfjord hydroelectric power plant, which was the target of the 1942 commando raid entitled Operation Musketoon. Norsk Hydro, Norway's greatest industry, established fertilizer production here in 1912. The facilities were bought by the state in 1918, but leased to Hydro in 1947 (now the fertilizer division is known as Yara International). Today a conglomerate of industries are found in Glomfjord Industry Park. The Forså and Sundsfjord hydroelectric power stations were also built to supply power to industry in Glomfjord in 1963.[3][4]

Climate

Although located north of the Arctic Circle and not far from Norway's second largest glacier Svartisen, the climate is well suited for living due to the Gulf Stream, albeit rather wet. Average annual rainfall in Glomfjord is about 2,069 millimetres (81.5 in), with mean annual temperature 5 °C (41 °F).[5] The temperature is seldom below −10 °C (14 °F) during winter time. During summer time the sun does not set. The midnight sun also makes the plants grow faster.

Climate data for Glomfjord, Nordland (1961-1990)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 1.3
(34.3)
1.5
(34.7)
3.1
(37.6)
5.8
(42.4)
10.9
(51.6)
14.3
(57.7)
16.1
(61.0)
15.6
(60.1)
11.9
(53.4)
8.2
(46.8)
4.1
(39.4)
2.1
(35.8)
7.9
(46.2)
Daily mean °C (°F) −1.3
(29.7)
−1.1
(30.0)
0.3
(32.5)
2.9
(37.2)
7.5
(45.5)
10.7
(51.3)
12.5
(54.5)
12.2
(54.0)
8.9
(48.0)
5.8
(42.4)
1.7
(35.1)
−0.4
(31.3)
5.0
(41.0)
Average low °C (°F) −3.9
(25.0)
−3.6
(25.5)
−2.4
(27.7)
0.2
(32.4)
4.5
(40.1)
7.7
(45.9)
9.9
(49.8)
9.6
(49.3)
6.4
(43.5)
3.5
(38.3)
−0.6
(30.9)
−2.8
(27.0)
2.4
(36.3)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 194
(7.6)
163
(6.4)
148
(5.8)
117
(4.6)
90
(3.5)
99
(3.9)
143
(5.6)
153
(6.0)
237
(9.3)
283
(11.1)
212
(8.3)
230
(9.1)
2,069
(81.2)
Average precipitation days (≥ 1 mm) 15.8 15.0 13.7 13.4 11.9 14.7 16.6 16.0 18.7 18.7 16.4 17.3 188.2
Source: eKlima[6]

Tourism

Glomfjord has a hotel, a bistro, a WaterLand (with two slides and two pools), and some beautiful mountains for skiing and snowboarding in the winter. There are tours with fishing, climbing, and other relaxing activities in the mountains during summer. Svartisen and the lake Storglomvatnet are tourist destinations that are near Glomfjord as well.

References

  1. ^ a b c Statistisk sentralbyrå (1 January 2018). "Urban settlements. Population and area, by municipality".
  2. ^ "Glomfjord, Meløy (Nordland)". yr.no. Retrieved 2019-02-02.
  3. ^ Store norske leksikon: Forså kraftverk.
  4. ^ Store norske leksikon: Sundsfjord kraftverk.
  5. ^ met.no climate statistics Archived 2007-05-18 at the Wayback Machine
  6. ^ "eKlima". Norwegian Meteorological Institute. Retrieved 23 December 2017.
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