Glasgow (UK Parliament constituency)

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Glasgow
Former Burgh constituency
for the House of Commons
Subdivisions of Scotland City of Glasgow
18321885
Number of members Two (1832–1868)
Three (1868–1885)
Replaced by Blackfriars & Hutchesontown
Bridgeton
Camlachie
College
Central
St Rollox
Tradeston
Created from Clyde Burghs

Glasgow was a burgh constituency of the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom from 1832 to 1885. It returned two Member of Parliament (MPs) until 1868, and then three from 1868 to 1885. Elections were held using the bloc vote system.

History

Until 1832, Glasgow had been one of the parliamentary burghs in the Clyde Burghs constituency (also known as "Glasgow Burghs"), which was abolished by the Representation of the People (Scotland) Act 1832. The Act created the new Glasgow constituency with two seats, which was increased to three by the Representation of the People (Scotland) Act 1868.

Under the Redistribution of Seats Act 1885, the constituency was finally divided into seven new single-seat constituencies, with effect from the 1885 general election:

Boundaries

The boundaries of the constituency, as set out in the Representation of the People (Scotland) Act 1832, were-

"From the Point, on the West of the Town, at which the River Kelvin joins the River Clyde, up the River Kelvin to a Point which is distant One hundred and fifty Yards (measured along the River Kelvin) above the Point at which the same is met by the Park Wall which comes down thereto from Woodside Road; thence in a straight Line to a Point on the Great Canal which is distant One hundred Yards (measured along the Great Canal) below Derry Bridge; thence along the Great Canal and the Cut of Junction to the Bridge over the Cut of Junction on the Stirling Road; thence, Eastward, along the Low Garngad Road to a Point which is distant One hundred and fifty Yards (measured along the Low Garngad Road) to the East of the Bridge over the Grimston Burn; thence in a straight Line to a Point on the Road to Edinburgh by Airdrie which is distant One hundred Yards (measured along the said Road to Edinburgh) to the East of the Point at which the same is joined by the Road to Edinburgh through the Village of Westmuir; thence in a straight Line to the Point at which the River Clyde is joined by Harvie's Dyke; thence down the River Clyde to the Point at which the same is joined by the Polmadie Burn; thence up the Polmadie Burn to the Point at which the same is joined by the Little Govan Burn; thence up the Little Govan Burn to the Point at which the same is divided into Two Branches in coming down from Govan Hill; thence in a straight Line to the Eastern Extremity of the Butterbiggins Road; thence along the Butterbiggins Road, and in a Line in continuation of the Direction thereof, to the Kinninghouse Burn; thence in a straight Line to the Sheils Bridge over the Paisley and Androssan Canal; thence in a straight Line to the Point at which the River Clyde is joined by the Plantation Burn; thence down the River Clyde to the Point first described."[1]

Members of Parliament

Election 1st Member 1st Party 2nd Member 2nd Party 3rd Member 3rd Party
1832 James Ewing Whig[2] James Oswald Whig[2] Only two seats
until 1868
1835 Colin Dunlop Whig[2]
Feb 1836 by-election William Bentinck Whig[2]
May 1837 by-election John Dennistoun Whig[2]
Jun 1839 by-election James Oswald Whig[2]
1847 John MacGregor Whig[3][4] Alexander Hastie Whig[4]
Mar 1857 by-election Walter Buchanan Whig[5][6][7]
1857 Robert Dalglish Radical[8][9][10]
1859 Liberal Liberal
1865 William Graham Liberal
1868 George Anderson Liberal
1874 Sir Charles Cameron Liberal Alexander Whitelaw Conservative
Jul 1879 by-election Charles Tennant Liberal
1880 Robert Tweedie Middleton Liberal
Mar 1885 by-election Thomas Russell Liberal
1885 Constituency abolished by Redistribution of Seats Act

Election results

Elections in the 1880s

By-election, 12 Mar 1885: Glasgow[9][11]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Thomas Russell Unopposed
Liberal hold
General Election 1880: Glasgow[9][11]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal George Anderson 24,016 25.6 +1.8
Liberal Charles Cameron 23,658 25.2 +0.6
Liberal Robert Tweedie Middleton 23,360 24.9 +8.9
Conservative William Pearce 11,622 12.4 −6.4
Conservative James Bain 11,071 11.8 −4.9
Majority 11,738 12.5 +7.5
Turnout 35,025 (est) 60.5 (est) +6.3
Registered electors 57,920
Liberal hold Swing
Liberal hold Swing
Liberal gain from Conservative Swing

Elections in the 1870s

By-election, 16 Jul 1879: Glasgow[9][11]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Charles Tennant Unopposed
Liberal gain from Conservative
  • Caused by Whitelaw's death.
General Election 1874: Glasgow[9][11]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Charles Cameron 18,455 24.6 N/A
Liberal George Anderson 17,902 23.8 −3.6
Conservative Alexander Whitelaw 14,134 18.8 +10.4
Conservative James Hunter 12,533 16.7 +8.3
Liberal Alexander Crum 7,453 9.9 N/A
Liberal Francis Ernest Kerr[12] 4,444 5.9 N/A
Liberal Joseph Cheney Bolton 169 0.2 N/A
Turnout 29,474 (est) 54.2 (est) −6.1
Registered electors 54,374
Majority 3,768 5.0 −5.2
Liberal hold Swing N/A
Liberal hold Swing −6.0
Majority 6,681 8.9 N/A
Conservative gain from Liberal Swing N/A
  • Anderson and Cameron stood to speak "for the interests of temperance, working men, religious freedom and reform". The Whig sect of the local party nominated Bolton and Crum, and Kerr represented "the Irish interest" and Roman Catholicism.[13]

Bolton withdrew before the election.[14]

Elections in the 1860s

General Election 1868: Glasgow[15][11]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Robert Dalglish 18,287 28.1 −11.3
Liberal William Graham 18,062 27.8 −4.6
Liberal George Anderson 17,803 27.4 −0.8
Conservative George Campbell 10,820 16.7 N/A
Majority 6,983 10.7 +6.4
Turnout 28,871 (est) 60.3 (est) −1.3
Registered electors 47,854
Liberal hold Swing N/A
Liberal hold Swing N/A
Liberal win (new seat)

Seat increased to three members

General Election 1865: Glasgow[11]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Robert Dalglish 8,171 39.4 N/A
Liberal William Graham 6,713 32.4 N/A
Liberal John Ramsay[16] 5,832 28.2 N/A
Majority 881 4.3 N/A
Turnout 10,358 (est) 61.6 (est) N/A
Registered electors 16,819
Liberal hold Swing N/A
Liberal hold Swing N/A

Elections in the 1850s

General Election 1859: Glasgow[11]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Robert Dalglish Unopposed
Liberal Walter Buchanan Unopposed
Registered electors 18,611
Liberal hold
Liberal hold
General Election 1857: Glasgow[11]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Whig Walter Buchanan 7,060 37.4 −0.1
Radical Robert Dalglish 6,765 35.9 N/A
Whig Alexander Hastie 5,044 26.7 −11.6
Turnout 9,435 (est) 52.1 (est) +25.1
Registered electors 18,118
Majority 295 1.6 −15.8
Whig hold Swing N/A
Majority 1,721 9.1 N/A
Radical gain from Whig Swing N/A
By-election, 6 March 1857: Glasgow[11]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Whig Walter Buchanan 5,792 66.3 +28.8
Radical James Merry 2,943 33.7 N/A
Majority 2,849 32.6 +15.2
Turnout 8,735 48.2 +21.2
Registered electors 18,118
Whig hold Swing N/A
General Election 1852: Glasgow[11]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Whig Alexander Hastie 3,209 38.3
Whig John MacGregor 3,140 37.5
Peelite Peter Blackburn[17] 1,681 20.1 N/A
Whig William Elliot-Murray-Kynynmound 354 4.2 N/A
Majority 1,459 17.4
Turnout 4,192 (est) 27.0 (est)
Registered electors 15,502
Whig hold Swing
Whig hold Swing

References

  1. ^ Representation of the People (Scotland) Act 1832, Schedule (M).
  2. ^ a b c d e f Smith, Henry Stooks (1842). The Register of Parliamentary Contested Elections (Second ed.). Simpkin, Marshall & Company. pp. 202–203. Retrieved 2 September 2018 – via Google Books.
  3. ^ Bumsted, J. M. (2003). "MacGREGOR, John". Dictionary of Canadian Biography, vol. 8. University of Toronto/Université Laval. Retrieved 2 September 2018.
  4. ^ a b "Election Intelligence". Dundee, Perth and Cupar Advertiser. 6 July 1852. p. 2. Retrieved 2 September 2018 – via British Newspaper Archive. (Subscription required (help)).
  5. ^ McCaffrey, John F. (1998). Scotland in the Nineteenth Century. Basingstoke: Macmillan Press. p. 67. doi:10.1007/978-1-349-26828-3. ISBN 978-1-349-26828-3. Retrieved 2 September 2018 – via Google Books.
  6. ^ "Glasgow Election". Ulster Gazette. 7 March 1857. p. 3. Retrieved 2 September 2018 – via British Newspaper Archive. (Subscription required (help)).
  7. ^ "Latest Intelligence". Worcester Journal. 7 March 1857. p. 5. Retrieved 2 September 2018 – via British Newspaper Archive. (Subscription required (help)).
  8. ^ "Robert Dalglish". The Gazetteer for Scotland. 2016. Retrieved 2 September 2018.
  9. ^ a b c d e Devine, Thomas Martin (1996). Glasgow: 1830 to 1912. Glasgow: Manchester University Press. pp. 198, 205. Retrieved 2 September 2018 – via Google Books.
  10. ^ Howe, Anthony; Morgan, Simon, eds. (2015). The Letters of Richard Cobden. Volume IV ~ 1860-1865. Oxford: Oxford University Press. p. 219. ISBN 978-0-19-921198-2. LCCN 2014953104. Retrieved 2 September 2018 – via Google Books.
  11. ^ a b c d e f g h i j Craig, F. W. S., ed. (1977). British Parliamentary Election Results 1832-1885 (e-book)|format= requires |url= (help) (1st ed.). London: Macmillan Press. pp. 545–546. ISBN 978-1-349-02349-3.
  12. ^ "Glasgow Election". The Inverness Courier. 5 February 1874. p. 3. Retrieved 30 December 2017 – via British Newspaper Archive. (Subscription required (help)).
  13. ^ Devine, Thomas Martin; Jackson, Gordon; Hamish Fraser, W; Maver, Irene, eds. (1995). Glasgow: 1830 to 1912. Glasgow: Manchester University Press. ISBN 9780719036927. Retrieved 30 December 2017.
  14. ^ "Advertisements & Notices". Glasgow Herald. 4 February 1874. p. 1. Retrieved 30 December 2017 – via British Newspaper Archive. (Subscription required (help)).
  15. ^ Debrett's House of Commons and Judicial Bench, 1870
  16. ^ "The General Election". The Examiner. 15 July 1865. pp. 7–11. Retrieved 13 February 2018 – via British Newspaper Archive. (Subscription required (help)).
  17. ^ "Glasgow Election". Glasgow Gazette. 3 July 1852. p. 2. Retrieved 2 September 2018 – via British Newspaper Archive. (Subscription required (help)).
  • Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "G" (part 1)
  • Craig, F. W. S. (1989) [1974]. British parliamentary election results 1885–1918 (2nd ed.). Chichester: Parliamentary Research Services. pp. 546–547. ISBN 0-900178-27-2.
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