Givi Javakhishvili

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Givi Javakhishvili (Georgian: გივი ჯავახიშვილი) (18 December 1912 – 10 November 1985) was a Georgian Politician who served as Prime Minister of Georgia from 1953 to 1975.

Early life and education

Givi Javakhishvili when he was a baby, in 1912.

Givi Javakhishvili was born on December 18, 1912 in Tbilisi in the family of prominent doctor Dimitri Javakhishvili and Anna Magalashvili. In 1934 he graduated Transcaucasian Industrial Institute (now Georgian Technical University) with qualification of Engineer-Geologist.

Political career

From 1934 to 1952 worked on different positions in local Government and Communist Party structures. From 1952 he served as Deputy Mayor of the Georgian Capital Tbilisi and same year was promoted to Mayor of Tbilisi, from 1953 he was Deputy Chairman of the Council of Ministers of Georgian SSR,[1] 1953-1975- Chairman of the Council of Ministers of Georgian SSR (Prime Minister), Member of the Parliament of the USSR and Georgian SSR, elected several times, member of the Bureau of Central Committee. From 1953-1975 he was a Chairman of the Commission of the Protection of Georgian Language.

Political life and contributions

In 1958 he was a head of Georgian delegation to World Fair EXPO in Brussels, Belgium and in 1967 in Montreal, Quebec, Canada. In 1961 Givi Javakhishvili was heading the delegation of Georgian SSR in Moscow at Congress of the CPSU where he gave the famous speech demanding the removal of Joseph Stalin from Kremlin Mausoleum of Moscow.

By his direct initiative many high-profile buildings were built in Georgian capital Tbilisi, such as State Philharmonic Hall and the Palace of Sport. He inaugurated an opening of Tbilisi Metro in 1966 which had become the fourth underground rail system in the Soviet Union. During his 22 years (the longest period in the Georgian history) chairing Georgian Government Givi Javakhishvili was a member of several official delegations of the USSR and Georgian SSR to European Countries, United States, Canada and Turkey. He also hosted high-profile foreign guests in Tbilisi, such as Indian Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru, Queen of Denmark Margrethe II, French President Georges Pompidou, Shah of Iran Mohammad Rezā Shāh Pahlavi, Cuban leader Fidel Castro and many other prominent figures of the 20th Century.

He died on November 10, 1985 in Tbilisi.

Awards

References

  1. ^ THE 'DOCTORS' CASE’,AND, THE DEATH OF STALIN Archived 2008-08-20 at the Wayback Machine. Bill Bland, for the Communist League (UK), London, October 1991. On 29 October 1953, a forty-one-year-old engineer and geologist, Mr. Givi D. Djavakhishvili, was elected Prime Minister of the Georgian Republic". (D. M. Lang: op. cit.; p. 264). (in english)
  2. ^ a b c d Givi Javakhishvili[permanent dead link] (in russian)

External links

  • Givi Javakhishvili Big Soviet Encyclopedia, vol 8, page 183, third edition, Moscow 1972 (in Russian)
  • ჯავახიშვილი გივი დიმიტრის-ძე (Javakhishvili Givi Dimitris-dze) (in Georgian)


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