Gertrude of Hackeborn

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Gertrude of Hackeborn (1232–1292) was the abbess of the Benedictine convent of Helfta, near Eisleben in modern Germany.

Life

Gertrude was born in 1232 near Halberstadt, Saxony-Anhalt. She was a member of the Thuringian Hackeborn dynasty and elder sister of St. Mechtilde. At a young age, she entered the Benedictine convent of Roderdorf, which followed Cistercian traditions.[1] She was elected abbess in 1251 at the age of nineteen. She founded the convent of Hederleben in 1253 with the help of her two brothers, Albert and Louis, but it suffered from a lack of water, so she received the castle of Helpeda (Helfta) and its surrounding land from them and moved her community there in 1258.[2]

During her time as abbess, Benedictine practice, Cistercian austerity, and Dominican and Beguine spirituality came together to make the convent of Helfta famous across the Holy Roman Empire for its practices of asceticism and mysticism.[3] Gertrude required her nuns to be educated in the liberal arts, but most importantly in the Bible. Abbess Gertrude bought or had the nuns copy "all the good books she could get".[1] She is described as a cultured woman of remarkable character, uniting love, gentleness, and piety with practical wisdom, and good sense.[4] Under the leadership of the Abbess Gertrude, the monastery at Helfta was highly regarded for its spiritual and intellectual vitality.[5] Despite the protection of some powerful families, it was pillaged at least twice during Gertrude's time.[6]

In 1270, she tended the sick and gave shelter to Beguine Mechthild of Magdeburg.[1]

Gertrude of Hackeborn is not to be confused with St. Gertrude the Great. The abbess never wrote anything, nor did she receive any revelations from God or become canonized. Gertrude the Great was born more than twenty years after her and lived as an ordinary nun in the Helfa convent.[2]

References

  1. ^ a b c Schaus, Margaret. "Gertrude of Hackeborn", Women and Gender in Medieval Europe", Taylor & Francis, 2006 ISBN 9780415969444
  2. ^ a b Ott, Michael. "Gertrude of Hackeborn." The Catholic Encyclopedia. Vol. 6. New York: Robert Appleton Company, 1909. 7 May 2013
  3. ^ Jewell, Helen M., Women In Late Medieval and Reformation Europe 1200-1550, Palgrave Macmillan, 2006 ISBN 9781137232489
  4. ^ Bevan, Frances. Matelda and the Cloister of Hellfde, James Nisbet & Co., London, 1896
  5. ^ Catholic News Agency, 11 November 2012
  6. ^ Lindemann PhD., Kate. "Helfta Monastery", Women Philosophers
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