Gertrude Crotty Davenport

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Gertrude Crotty Davenport (1866–1946), was an American biologist and instructor at the Brooklyn Institute of Arts and Sciences who studied embryology, development, and heredity. The wife of Charles Benedict Davenport, a prominent eugenicist, she co-authored several works with her husband and was influential in his interest in eugenics.[1][2]

Gertrude Anna Crotty was born 28 February 1866, near Denver, Colorado, to parents William and Millie (Armstrong) Crotty. She graduated from Kansas State University in 1889 and was graduate student of Radcliffe College from 1892 to 1894. She married Charles Davenport in Burlington, Kansas on June 23, 1894 and had two daughters; the eldest, Millia, became a noted theater scholar. With her husband she co-authored the text books Introduction to Zoology (Macmillan, 1900) and Elements of Zoology (Macmillan, 1911), and individually authored monographs including The Primitive Streak and Notochordal Canal in Chelonia and Variation in the Number of Stripes on the Sea-anemone, Sagartia luciae. She died on 8 March 1946, in Upper Nyack, New York. [3][4]


  1. ^ Largent, Mark A. (2011). Breeding Contempt: The History of Coerced Sterilization in the United States (Paperback ed.). Rutgers University Press. ISBN 978-0-8135-4998-9. 
  2. ^ Trent, James W. (2008). "Review: Breeding Contempt: The History of Coerced Sterilization in the United States. By Mark A. Largent". The Journal of American History. 95 (2): 533–534. JSTOR 25095679. 
  3. ^ "Davenport, Gertrude Crotty". Men and Women of America: A Biographical Dictionary of Contemporaries. New York: L.R. Hamersly & Company. 1909. pp. 452–453. 
  4. ^ Creese, Mary R. S. (2000). Ladies in the Laboratory? American and British Women in Science, 1800-1900: A Survey of Their Contributions to Research. Scarecrow Press. p. 101. ISBN 978-0-585-27684-7. 

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