German football league system

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
German football league system
Nation
 Germany
Map of Germany
States
 Baden-Württemberg
 Bavaria
 Berlin
 Brandenburg
 Bremen
 Hamburg
 Hesse
 Mecklenburg-Vorpommern
 Lower Saxony
 North Rhine-Westphalia
 Rhineland-Palatinate
 Saarland
 Saxony
 Saxony-Anhalt
 Schleswig-Holstein
 Thuringia
Current Champions (2016–17)
FC Bayern Munich

The German football league system, or league pyramid, refers to the hierarchically interconnected league system for association football in Germany that in the 2016–17 season consists of 2,235 divisions having 31,645 teams, in which all divisions are bound together by the principle of promotion and relegation. The top three professional levels contain one division each. Below this, the semi-professional and amateur levels have progressively more parallel divisions, which each cover progressively smaller geographic areas. Teams that finish at the top of their division at the end of each season can rise higher in the pyramid, while those that finish at the bottom find themselves sinking further down. In theory it is possible for even the lowest local amateur club to rise to the top of the system and become German football champions one day. The number of teams promoted and relegated between the divisions varies, and promotion to the upper levels of the pyramid is usually contingent on meeting additional criteria, especially concerning appropriate facilities and finances.

Structure

The German football league system is held under the jurisdiction of the nationwide German Football Association and its professional body German Football League, along with its five regional associations and their 21 state associations.

On top of the system sit the level 1 Bundesliga and the level two 2. Bundesliga, both organized by the professional German Football League. The two top flights then are followed by the level three 3. Liga, the lowest full professional division in Germany, held by the German Football Association itself.

The semi-professional level four Regionalliga is divided into 5 regional divisions, these typically organised by one or two of the five regional associations of the German Football association, these being the Northern German Football Association, the Northeastern German Football Association, the Western German Football Association, the Southwestern Regional Football Association and the Southern German Football Association. For Bavaria, the Bavarian Football Association, a member state association of the Southern German Football Association, runs their top division under their own jurisdiction.

Starting at level five, the various fully amateur divisions are usually governed by the 21 state associations. For the North East German Football Association and Southwestern Regional Football Association, both regional bodies still run the level five divisions under their jurisdiction and their state member associations' pyramids therefore start at level six.

Level Division
1 Bundesliga
18 teams
↓ 2 relegation spots + 1 relegation playoff spot
2 2. Bundesliga
18 teams
↑ 2 promotion spots + 1 promotion playoff spot
↓ 2 relegation spots + 1 relegation playoff spot
3 3. Liga
20 teams
↑ 2 promotion spots + 1 promotion playoff spot
↓ 3 relegation spots
4 Regionalliga Nord
18 teams
↑ 1 promotion playoff spot
↓ 2 to 4 relegation spots
Regionalliga Nordost
18 teams
↑ 1 promotion playoff spot
↓ 1 to 5 relegation spots
Regionalliga West
18 teams
↑ 1 promotion playoff spot
↓ 1 to 4 relegation spots
Regionalliga Südwest
19 teams
↑ 2 promotion playoff spots
↓ 3 to 6 relegation spots
Bavaria
state league system

↑ 1 promotion playoff spot
5

Hamburg
state league system

↑ 1 promotion playoff spot

Bremen
state league system

↑ 1 promotion playoff spot

Schleswig-Holstein
state league system

↑ 1 promotion playoff spot

Lower Saxony
state league system

↑ 1 promotion spot
+ 1 promotion playoff spot

2 divisions of
NOFV-Oberliga
33 teams
↑ 2 promotion spots
↓ 5 to 11 relegation spots
[1]

Lower Rhine
state league system

↑ 1 promotion spot

Middle Rhine
state league system

↑ 1 promotion spot

Westphalia
state league system

↑ 2 promotion spots

Oberliga Rheinland-Pfalz/Saar
19 teams
↑ 1 to 2 promotion spots
↓ 3 to 6 relegation spots
[2]

Oberliga Baden-Württemberg
18 teams
↑ 1 promotion spot
↓ 3 to 6 relegation spots
[3]

Hesse
state league system

↑ 1 promotion spot

6

Mecklenburg-Vorpommern
state league system

↑ 1 promotion spot

Brandenburg
state league system

↑ 1 promotion spot

Berlin
state league system

↑ 1 promotion spot

Saxony-Anhalt
state league system

↑ 1 promotion spot

Thuringia
state league system

↑ 1 promotion spot

Saxony
state league system

↑ 1 to 2 promotion spots

Rhineland
state league system

↑ 1 promotion spot to
Oberliga Rheinland-Pfalz/Saar

Saarland
state league system

↑ 1 promotion spot to
Oberliga Rheinland-Pfalz/Saar

Southwest
state league system

↑ 1 promotion spot to
Oberliga Rheinland-Pfalz/Saar

Baden
state league system

↑ 1 promotion spot
+ 1 promotion playoff spot to
Oberliga Baden-Württemberg

South Baden
state league system

↑ 1 promotion spot
+ 1 promotion playoff spot to
Oberliga Baden-Württemberg

Württemberg
state league system

↑ 1 promotion spot
+ 1 promotion playoff spot to
Oberliga Baden-Württemberg

Federal association league system

After each season, the winners of the Bundesliga are crowned German football champions. The bottom two Bundesliga teams are relegated to 2. Bundesliga, whereas the best two teams of the second level promote to the top flight. Additionally, the third-last ranked team of Bundesliga and the third-best ranked team of 2. Bundesliga play a promotion/relegation playoff for the final spot in the next Bundesliga edition. The bottom two 2. Bundesliga teams are relegated to 3. Liga, whereas the best two teams of the third level promote to the second flight. Additionally, the third-last ranked team of 2. Bundesliga and the third-best ranked team of 3. Liga play a promotion/relegation playoff for the final spot in the next 2. Bundesliga edition. The bottom three teams of 3. Liga are relegated to Regionalliga.

Regional association league systems

Whereas the professional first three levels of the German football league system each are single division only and are organised by nationwide governing bodies, the semi-professional level four Regionalliga comprises five independent divisions, each run by different regional and/or state associations. Three regional bodies, being the Northern German Football Association, the North East German Football Association and the Western German Football Association, each run a division under their sole jurisdiction, these being the corresponding Regionalliga Nord, the Regionalliga Nordost and the Regionalliga West. The two regional bodies Southwestern Regional Football Association and Southern German Football Association share the jurisdiction on the Regionalliga Südwest. Finally, the Bavarian Football Association, although being just a subordinate state association to the superior Southern German Football Association, runs the Regionalliga Bayern, by far the largest single state football association in Germany.

As an exception to the regular promotion rules within the German league system, the champions of each Regionalliga division are not granted automatic promotion. Instead the five division winners along with the runner-up of the Regionalliga Südwest enter a promotion playoff for three promotion spots to the 3. Liga. The Regionalliga Südwest is granted a second spot in the promotion playoffs for having the most team competing in the following levels of the league pyramid down to the lowest levels, the Kreisliga, as it supersedes the league pyramids of the Southwestern Regional Football Association and of most of the league pyramid of the Southern German Football Association.

Northern Germany

The Northern German Football Association league system is the regional association league system in the states of Bremen, Hamburg, Lower Saxony and Schleswig-Holstein and starts at level four of the German league system with the Regionalliga Nord on top. The champions enter a promotion playoff along with the winners of the four other Regionalliga divisions and the Regionalliga Südwest runner-up for three promotions to the 3. Liga.

Below the regional association's league system, the four state association league systems of the Bremen Football Association, the Hamburg Football Association, the Lower Saxony Football Association and the Schleswig-Holstein Football Association work as feeders to the Regionalliga.

Northeastern Germany

The Northeastern German Football Association league system is the regional association league system in the states of Berlin, Brandenburg, Mecklenburg-Vorpommern, Saxony, Saxony-Anhalt and Thuringia and starts at level four of the German league system with the Regionalliga Nordost on top. The champions enter a promotion playoff along with the winners of the four other Regionalliga divisions and the Regionalliga Südwest runner-up for three promotions to the 3. Liga.

Below the regional association's league system, the six state association league systems of the Berlin Football Association, the Brandenburg State Football Association, the Mecklenburg-Vorpommern State Football Association, the Saxony Football Association, the Saxony-Anhalt Football Association and the Thuringian Football Association work as feeders to the Oberliga.

Western Germany

The Western German Football Association league system is the regional association league system in the state of North Rhine-Westphalia and starts at level four of the German league system with the Regionalliga West on top. The champions enter a promotion playoff along with the winners of the four other Regionalliga divisions and the Regionalliga Südwest runner-up for three promotions to the 3. Liga.

Below the regional association's league system, the three state association league systems of the Lower Rhine Football Association, the Middle Rhine Football Association and the Westphalian Football and Athletics Association work as feeders to the Regionalliga.

Southwestern Germany

The Southwestern Regional Football Association league system is the regional association league system in the states of Rhineland-Palatinate and Saarland and starts at level four of the German league system with the Regionalliga Südwest on top, which is held under joint jurisdiction along with the Southern German Football Association. The champions and the runner-up enter a promotion playoff along with the winners of the four other Regionalliga divisions for three promotions to the 3. Liga. By rule, the champions and the runner-up will not face each other in the promotion playoffs.

Below the regional association's league system, the three state associations league systems of the Rhineland Football Association, the Saarland Football Association and the Southwest German Football Association work as feeders to the Oberliga.

Southern Germany

The Southern German Football Association league system is the regional association league system in the states of Baden-Württemberg, Bavaria and Hessen and starts at level four of the German league system with the Regionalliga Südwest, which is held under joint jurisdiction along with the Regional Football Association South West respectively with the Regionalliga Bayern. The champions and the runner-up of the Regionalliga Südwest and the champions of the Regionalliga Bayern enter a promotion playoff along with the winners of the three other Regionalliga divisions for three promotions to the 3. Liga.

Below the regional association's league system, the five state association league systems of the Baden Football Association, the Bavarian Football Association, the Hessian Football Association, the South Baden Football Association and the Württembergian Football Association work as feeders to the Regionalliga.

State association league systems

Mostly in line with the geographical borders of the 16 German states, amateur football is organised by 21 state football associations. Therefore, 13 states, these being Bavaria, Berlin, Brandenburg, Bremen, Hamburg, Hesse, Lower Saxony, Mecklenburg-Vorpommern, Saarland, Saxony, Saxony-Anhalt, Schleswig-Holstein and Thuringia have a state football association with a jurisdiction covering the whole area of the corresponding political entity. Three states are subdivided into more than one state football association. The state of North Rhine-Westphalia is subdivided into three state associations, these being Middle Rhine, Lower Rhine and Westphalia. The state of Baden-Württemberg is also subdivided into three state associations, these being Baden, South Baden and Württemberg. Finally, the state of Rhineland-Palatinate is subdivided into two state associations, these being Rhineland and Southwest.[4]

Starting on levels four to six of the German football league system, each of these 21 state associations runs a league pyramid under its own jurisdiction. The state association of Bavaria starts its pyramid at level four. The top divisions of the state associations of Bremen, Hamburg, Hesse, Middle Rhine, Lower Rhine, Lower Saxony, Schleswig-Holstein and Westphalia sit at level five of the pyramid. The pyramids of the remaining associations of Baden, Berlin, Brandenburg, Mecklenburg-Vorpommern, Rhineland, Saarland, Saxony, Saxony-Anhalt, South Baden, Southwest, Thuringia and Württemberg start at level six of the German football league system.

All state associations have full jurisdiction over their league pyramids, though the configuration varies in between states. A traditional state league pyramid had a Verbandsliga (Association League) as its top flight, followed by several divisions of Landesliga (State League). Due to many structural reforms in the last decades, both on federal level and on state levels, this structure has become more indeterminate. Currently, eight of the 21 state associations (Bremen, Hamburg, Hesse, Middle Rhine, Lower Rhine, Lower Saxony, Schleswig-Holstein and Westphalia) have an Oberliga (English: Premier League) as their top amateur state division, some followed by a Verbandsliga, some directly by a Landesliga. Starting in 2012, the state association of Bavaria organized its own Regionalliga (Regional League), a league formerly only organized by the superior regional associations.[5]

With the exception of Berlin and Hamburg, all other state associations usually supervise several county and/or district associations. The county associations usually cover the area of a government district, whereas the district associations have jurisdiction for the territory of an urban district. The associations of Bavaria, Bremen, Lower Saxony and the Southwest are initially subdivided into several county associations, the latter are then subdivided into district associations. The associations of South Baden and Württemberg have several county associations following in the league system, but no district associations. The remaining associations (Baden, Brandenburg, Hesse, Lower Rhine, Mecklenburg-Vorpommern, Middle Rhine, Rhineland, Saarland, Saxony, Saxony-Anhalt, Schleswig-Holstein, Thuringia and Westphalia) are directly subdivided into district associations. The county associations usually run a single division, the Bezirksliga (County League) under their jurisdiction, then followed by the district associations' top flights Kreisliga (District League). State associations that are directly subdivided into district associations, typically run the Bezirksliga themselves. In Hesse, the Bezirksliga is called the Gruppenliga (Group League).

Northern Germany

Schleswig-Holstein

Schleswig-Holstein Football Association

The Schleswig-Holstein Football Association league system is the state association league system in the state of Schleswig-Holstein and starts at level five of the German league system with the Oberliga Schleswig-Holstein on top. The current (2016–17 season) champions are Eutin 08. The champions enter a promotion playoff along with the Bremen-Liga champions, the Oberliga Hamburg champions and the Niedersachsenliga runner-up for two promotions to the Regionalliga Nord.

Below the state association league system 12 district associations work as feeders to the Verbandsliga. In the 2017–18 season, the full system comprises 61 divisions having 861 teams.[6] Additionally, four teams play above the state association league system: Holstein Kiel (2. Bundesliga), Eutin 08, SC Weiche Flensburg 08 and VfB Lübeck (all Regionalliga Nord).

Level

Division

1 promotion playoff spot to Regionalliga Nord

5

Oberliga Schleswig-Holstein16 teams

6

2 divisions of Landesliga32 teams

7

4 divisions of Verbandsliga64 teams

↓ relegation to Kiel, Herzogtum Lauenburg, Lübeck, Neumünster, Nordfriesland, Ostholstein, Plön, Rendsburg-Eckernförde, Schleswig-Flensburg, Segeberg, Stormarn or Westküste (Dithmarschen-Steinburg) district FA league systems

8

8 divisions of Kreisliga128 teams

9

12 divisions of Kreisklasse A168 teams

10

16 divisions of Kreisklasse B224 teams

11

18 divisions of Kreisklasse C229 teams

Hamburg

Hamburg Football Association

The Hamburg Football Association league system is the state association league system in the state of Hamburg and parts of southern Schleswig-Holstein and northeastern Lower Saxony and it starts at level five of the German league system with the Oberliga Hamburg on top. The current (2016–17 season) champions are TuS Dassendorf. The champions enter a promotion playoff along with the Bremen-Liga champions, the Oberliga Schleswig-Holstein champions and the Niedersachsenliga runner-up for two promotions to the Regionalliga Nord.

As the state of Hamburg consists only of the city of Hamburg itself, there are no local associations below.[7] In the 2016–17 season, the full system comprises 30 divisions having 453 teams.[8] Additionally, six teams play above the state association league system: Hamburger SV (Bundesliga), FC St. Pauli (2. Bundesliga), Altona 93, Hamburger SV II, FC St. Pauli II and FC Eintracht Norderstedt 03 (all Regionalliga Nord).

Level

Division

1 promotion playoff spot to Regionalliga Nord

5

Oberliga Hamburg18 teams

6

2 divisions of Landesliga32 teams

7

4 divisions of Bezirksliga63 teams

8

8 divisions of Kreisliga120 teams

9

8 divisions of Kreisklasse A122 teams

10

7 divisions of Kreisklasse B98 teams

Lower Saxony

Lower Saxony Football Association

The Lower Saxony Football Association league system is the state association league system in the state of Lower Saxony and starts at level five of the German league system with the Niedersachsenliga on top. The current (2016–17 season) champions are SSV Jeddeloh. The champions are directly promoted to Regionalliga Nord, whereas the runner-up enters a promotion playoff along with the Bremen-Liga champions and the Oberliga Hamburg champions and the Oberliga Schleswig-Holstein champions for two additional promotions.

Below the state association league system four county associations and following them 43 district associations work as feeders to the Oberliga. In the 2016–17 season, the full system comprises 295 divisions having 4,022 teams.[9] Additionally, 16 teams play above the state association league system: Hannover 96 and VfL Wolfsburg (Bundesliga), Eintracht Braunschweig (2. Bundesliga), SV Meppen and VfL Osnabrück (3. Liga), Lüneburger SK Hansa, TSV Havelse, VfL Wolfsburg II, Hannover 96 II, 1. FC Germania Egestorf/Langreder, Schwarz-Weiß Rehden, VfB Oldenburg, SSV Jeddeloh, SV Drochtersen/Assel, VfV 06 Hildesheim and Eintracht Braunschweig II (all Regionalliga Nord).

Level

Division

1 promotion spot + 1 promotion playoff spot to Regionalliga Nord

5

Niedersachsenliga16 teams

↓ relegation to Braunschweig, Hanover, Lüneburg or Weser-Ems county FA league systems

6

4 divisions of Landesliga68 teams

7

17 divisions of Bezirksliga274 teams

↓ relegation to Ammerland, Aurich, Bentheim, Braunschweig, Celle, Cloppenburg, Cuxhaven, Diepholz, Emden, Emsland, Friesland, Gifhorn, Göttingen-Osterode, Hamelin-Pyrmont, Hanover, Hanover region, Harburg, Heidekreis, Helmstedt, Hildesheim, Holzminden, Leer, Lüchow-Dannenberg, Lüneburg, Nienburg, Nordharz, Northeim-Einbeck, Oldenburg, Oldenburg region/Delmenhorst, Osnabrück, Osnabrück region, Osterholz, Peine, Rotenburg, Schaumburg, Stade, Uelzen, Vechta, Verden, Wesermarsch, Wilhelmshaven, Wittmund or Wolfsburg district FA league systems

8

42 divisions of Kreisliga634 teams

9

57 divisions of 1. Kreisklasse837 teams

10

65 divisions of 2. Kreisklasse879 teams

11

67 divisions of 3. Kreisklasse831 teams

12

38 divisions of 4. Kreisklasse448 teams

13

4 divisions of 5. Kreisklasse35 teams

Bremen

Bremen Football Association

The Bremen Football Association league system is the state association league system in the state of Bremen and starts at level five of the German league system with the Bremen-Liga on top. The current (2016–17 season) champions are Bremer SV. The champions enter a promotion playoff along with the Oberliga Hamburg champions, the Oberliga Schleswig-Holstein champions and the Niedersachsenliga runner-up for two promotions to the Regionalliga Nord.

Below the state association league system one county association and following it two district associations work as feeders to the Landesliga.[10] In the 2016–17 season, the full system comprises 11 divisions having 148 teams.[11] Additionally, two teams play above the state association league system: SV Werder Bremen (Bundesliga) and SV Werder Bremen II (3. Liga).

Level

Division

1 promotion playoff spot to Regionalliga Nord

5

Bremen-Liga16 teams

6

Landesliga16 teams

↓ relegation to Bremen county FA league systems

7

Bezirksliga16 teams

↓ relegation to Bremen city or Bremerhaven district FA league systems

8

2 divisions of Kreisliga A26 teams

9

Kreisliga B16 teams

10

Kreisliga C16 teams

11

2 divisions of 1. Kreisklasse22 teams

12

2. Kreisklasse10 teams

13

3. Kreisklasse10 teams

Northeastern Germany

Mecklenburg-Vorpommern

Mecklenburg-Vorpommern State Football Association

The Mecklenburg-Vorpommern State Football Association league system in the state association league systems in the state of Mecklenburg-Vorpommern and starts at level six of the German league system with the Verbandsliga Mecklenburg-Vorpommern on top. The current (2016–17 season) champions are Torgelower FC Greif. The champions are directly promoted to Oberliga Nordost.

Below the state association league system six district associations work as feeders to the Landesklasse. In the 2016–17 season, the full system comprises 37 divisions having 487 teams.[12] Additionally, seven teams play above the state association league system: Hansa Rostock (3. Liga), TSG Neustrelitz (Regionalliga Nordost), Hansa Rostock II, FC Anker Wismar, Malchower SV, FC Mecklenburg Schwerin and Torgelower FC Greif (all Oberliga Nordost).

Level

Division

1 promotion spot to Oberliga Nordost

6

Verbandsliga Mecklenburg-Vorpommern16 teams

7

2 divisions of Landesliga32 teams

8

4 divisions of Landesklasse64 teams

↓ relegation to Mecklenburger Seenplatte-Vorpommern, North Vorpommern-Rügen, Schwerin-Northwestern Mecklenburg, Vorpommern-Greifswald, Warnow or West Mecklenburg district FA league systems

9

7 divisions of Kreisoberliga94 teams

10

12 divisions of Kreisliga147 teams

11

7 divisions of 1. Kreisklasse91 teams

12

2. Kreisklasse12 teams

Brandenburg

Brandenburg State Football Association

The Brandenburg State Football Association league system is the state association league system in the state of Brandenburg and starts at level six of the German league system with the Brandenburg-Liga on top. The current (2016–17 season) champions are VfB Krieschow. The champions are directly promoted to Oberliga Nordost.

Below the state association league system eight district associations work as feeders to the Landesklasse. In the 2016–17 season, the full system comprises 64 divisions having 871 teams.[13] Additionally, 11 teams play above the state association league system: SV Babelsberg 03, FC Energie Cottbus, FSV 63 Luckenwalde and FSV Union Fürstenwalde (all Regionalliga Nordost), SV Grün-Weiß Brieselang, Brandenburger SC Süd 05, SV Altlüdersdorf, FSV Optik Rathenow, VfB Krieschow, SV Victoria Seelow and FC Strausberg (all Oberliga Nordost).

Level

Division

1 promotion spot to Oberliga Nordost

6

Brandenburg-Liga16 teams

7

2 divisions of Landesliga32 teams

8

4 divisions of Landesklasse64 teams

↓ relegation to Dahme/Flaming, East Brandenburg, Havelland, Lower Lusatia, Oberhavel/Barnim, Prignitz/Ruppin, South Brandenburg or Uckermark district FA league systems

9

8 divisions of Kreisoberliga123 teams

10

15 divisions of Kreisliga225 teams

11

17 divisions of 1. Kreisklasse226 teams

12

17 divisions of 2. Kreisklasse185 teams

Berlin

Berlin Football Association

The Berlin Football Association league system is the state association league system in the state of Berlin and starts at level six of the German league system with the Berlin-Liga on top. The current (2016–17 season) champions are SC Staaken. The champions are directly promoted to Oberliga Nordost.

As the state of Berlin consists only of the city of Berlin itself, there are no local associations below. In the 2016–17 season, the full system comprises 20 divisions having 307 teams.[14] Additionally, 12 teams play above the state association league system: Hertha BSC (Bundesliga), 1. FC Union Berlin (2. Bundesliga), VSG Altglienicke, Berliner FC Dynamo, Berliner AK 07, Hertha BSC II, 1. FC Union Berlin II and FC Viktoria 1889 Berlin (all Regionalliga Nordost), CFC Hertha 06, SV Lichtenberg 47, SC Staaken and Tennis Borussia Berlin (all Oberliga Nordost).

Level

Division

1 promotion spot to Oberliga Nordost

6

Berlin-Liga18 teams

7

2 divisions of Landesliga31 teams

8

3 divisions of Bezirksliga47 teams

9

4 divisions of Kreisliga A64 teams

10

6 divisions of Kreisliga B94 teams

11

4 divisions of Kreisliga C53 teams

Saxony-Anhalt

Saxony-Anhalt Football Association

The Saxony-Anhalt Football Association league system is the association league systems in the state of Saxony-Anhalt and starts at level six of the German league system with the Verbandsliga Sachsen-Anhalt on top. The current (2016–17 season) champions are 1. FC Lok Stendal. The champions are directly promoted to Oberliga Nordost.

Below the state association league system 14 district associations work as feeders to the Landesklasse. In the 2016–17 season, the full system comprises 72 divisions having 974 teams.[15] Additionally, eight teams play above the state association league system: 1. FC Magdeburg and Hallescher FC (3. Liga), VfB Germania Halberstadt (Regionalliga Nordost), SV Merseburg 99, VfL Halle 96, Askania Bernburg, Union Sandersdorf and 1. FC Lok Stendal (all Oberliga Nordost).

Level

Division

1 promotion spot to Oberliga Nordost

6

Verbandsliga Sachsen-Anhalt16 teams

7

2 divisions of Landesliga32 teams

8

6 divisions of Landesklasse96 teams

↓ relegation to Altmark East, Altmark West, Anhalt, Anhalt-Bitterfeld, Börde, Burgenland, Halle, Harz, Jerichower Land, Magdeburg, Mansfeld-Südharz, Saalekreis, Salzland or Wittenberg district FA league systems

9

14 divisions of Kreisoberliga211 teams

10

18 divisions of Kreisliga252 teams

11

20 divisions of 1. Kreisklasse241 teams

12

11 divisions of 2. Kreisklasse126 teams

Thuringia

Thuringian Football Association

The Thuringian Football Association league system is the state association league system in the state of Thuringia and starts at level six of the German league system with the Thüringenliga on top. The current (2016–17 season) champions are FSV Wacker 90 Nordhausen II (not promoted). The champions are directly promoted to Oberliga Nordost.

Below the state association league system nine district associations work as feeders to the Landesklasse. In the 2016–17 season, the full system comprises 75 divisions having 949 teams.[16] Additionally, seven teams play above the state association league system: FC Carl Zeiss Jena and Rot-Weiß Erfurt (3. Liga), ZFC Meuselwitz and FSV Wacker 90 Nordhausen (Regionalliga Nordost), FC Carl Zeiss Jena II, Einheit Rudolstadt and BSG Wismut Gera (all Oberliga Nordost).

Level

Division

1 promotion spot to Oberliga Nordost

6

Thüringenliga16 teams

7

3 divisions of Landesklasse48 teams

↓ relegation to Central Thuringia, East Thuringia, Eichsfeld-Unstrut-Hainich, Erfurt-Sömmerda, Jena-Saale-Orla, North Thuringia, Rhön-Rennsteig, South Thuringia or West Thuringia district FA league systems

8

9 divisions of Kreisoberliga130 teams

9

17 divisions of Kreisliga239 teams

10

25 divisions of 1. Kreisklasse322 teams

11

20 divisions of 2. Kreisklasse194 teams

Saxony

Saxony Football Association

The Saxony Football Association league system is the association league system in the state of Saxony and starts at level six of the German league system with the Sachsenliga on top. The current (2016–17 season) champions are FC Eilenburg. The champions are directly promoted to Oberliga Nordost.

Below the state association league system 13 district associations work as feeders to the Bezirksliga. In the 2016–17 season, the full system comprises 94 divisions having 1,213 teams.[17] Additionally, 15 teams play above the state association league system: RB Leipzig (Bundesliga), FC Erzgebirge Aue and Dynamo Dresden (2. Bundesliga), Chemnitzer FC and FSV Zwickau (3. Liga), 1. FC Lokomotive Leipzig, VfB Auerbach, FC Oberlausitz Neugersdorf and FSV Budissa Bautzen (all Regionalliga Nordost), Bischofswerdaer FV 08, VFC Plauen, FC Inter Leipzig, BSG Chemie Leipzig, FC Eilenburg and SV Einheit Kamenz (all Oberliga Nordost).

Level

Division

1 promotion spot to Oberliga Nordost

6

Sachsenliga16 teams

7

4 divisions of Bezirksliga60 teams

↓ relegation to Central Saxony, Chemnitz, Dresden, Erzgebirge, Leipzig, Meissen, Muldental/Leipzig region, North Saxony, Sächsische Schweiz/Osterzgebirge, Upper Lusatia, Vogtland, West Lusatia or Zwickau district FA league systems

8

13 divisions of Kreisoberliga190 teams

9

20 divisions of Kreisliga A280 teams

10

10 divisions of Kreisliga B129 teams

11

Kreisliga C14 teams

12

27 divisions of 1. Kreisklasse327 teams

13

17 divisions of 2. Kreisklasse187 teams

14

3. Kreisklasse14 teams

Western Germany

Lower Rhine

Lower Rhine Football Association

The Lower Rhine Football Association league system is one of three state association league systems in the state of North Rhine-Westphalia, covering its northwestern part, and starts at level five of the German league system with the Oberliga Niederrhein on top. The current (2016–17 season) champions are KFC Uerdingen 05. The champions are directly promoted to Regionalliga West.

Below the state association league system 12 district associations work as feeders to the Bezirksliga. In the 2016–17 season, the full system comprises 91 divisions having 1,476 teams.[18] Additionally, nine teams play above the state association league system: Borussia Mönchengladbach (Bundesliga), MSV Duisburg and Fortuna Düsseldorf (2. Bundesliga), Borussia Mönchengladbach II, Rot-Weiß Oberhausen, Rot-Weiss Essen, Fortuna Düsseldorf II, KFC Uerdingen 05 and Wuppertaler SV (all Regionalliga West).

Level

Division

1 promotion spot to Regionalliga West

5

Oberliga Niederrhein18 teams

6

2 divisions of Landesliga36 teams

7

7 divisions of Bezirksliga108 teams

↓ relegation to Duisburg-Mülheim-Dinslaken, Düsseldorf, Essen, Grevenbroich-Neuss, Kempen-Krefeld, Kleve-Geldern, Moers, Mönchengladbach-Viersen, Oberhausen-Bottrop, Rees-Bocholt, Remscheid, Solingen or Wuppertal-Niederberg district FA league systems

8

15 divisions of Kreisliga A255 teams

9

29 divisions of Kreisliga B473 teams

10

38 divisions of Kreisliga C586 teams

Middle Rhine

Middle Rhine Football Association

The Middle Rhine Football Association league system is one of three state association league systems in the state of North Rhine-Westphalia, covering its southwestern part, and starts at level five of the German league system with the Mittelrheinliga on top. The current (2016–17 season) champions are FC Wegberg-Beeck. The champions are directly promoted to Regionalliga West.

Below the state association league system nine district associations work as feeders to the Bezirksliga. In the 2016–17 season, the full system comprises 92 divisions having 1,348 teams.[19] Additionally, eight teams play above the state association league system: Bayer Leverkusen and 1. FC Köln (Bundesliga), SC Fortuna Köln (3. Liga), Alemannia Aachen, 1. FC Köln II, FC Viktoria Köln, Bonner SC and FC Wegberg-Beeck (all Regionalliga West).

Level

Division

1 promotion spot to Regionalliga West

5

Mittelrheinliga16 teams

6

2 divisions of Landesliga32 teams

7

4 divisions of Bezirksliga63 teams

↓ relegation to Aachen, Berg, Bonn, Cologne, Düren, Euskirchen, Heinsberg, Rhein-Erft or Sieg district FA league systems

8

9 divisions of Kreisliga A140 teams

9

20 divisions of Kreisliga B310 teams

10

35 divisions of Kreisliga C493 teams

11

21 divisions of Kreisliga D294 teams

Westphalia

Westphalian Football and Athletics Association

The Westphalian Football and Athletics Association league system is one of three state association league systems in the state of North Rhine-Westphalia, covering its eastern part, and starts at level five of the German league system with the Oberliga Westfalen on top. The current (2016–17 season) champions are TuS Erndtebrück. The champions and the runner-up are directly promoted to Regionalliga West.

Below the state association league system 29 district associations work as feeders to the Bezirksliga. In the 2016–17 season, the full system comprises 214 divisions having 3,231 teams. Additionally, 14 teams play above the state association league system: Borussia Dortmund and FC Schalke 04 (Bundesliga), Arminia Bielefeld and VfL Bochum (2. Bundesliga), Sportfreunde Lotte, Preußen Münster and SC Paderborn 07 (all 3. Liga), Borussia Dortmund II, TuS Erndtebrück, SC Verl, SC Wiedenbrück 2000, SV Rödinghausen, Westfalia Rhynern and SG Wattenscheid 09 (all Regionalliga West).

Level

Division

2 promotion spots to Regionalliga West

5

Oberliga Westfalen18 teams

6

2 divisions of Westfalenliga32 teams

7

4 divisions of Landesliga64 teams

8

12 divisions of Bezirksliga194 teams

↓ relegation to Ahaus-Coesfeld, Arnsberg, Beckum, Bielefeld, Bochum, Detmold, Dortmund, Gelsenkirchen, Gütersloh, Hagen, Herford, Herne, Hochsauerlandkreis, Höxter, Iserlohn, Lemgo, Lippstadt, Lübbecke, Lüdenscheid, Minden, Münster, Olpe, Paderborn, Recklinghausen, Siegen-Wittgenstein, Soest, Steinfurt, Tecklenburg or Unna-Hamm district FA league systems

9

39 divisions of Kreisliga A629 teams

10

57 divisions of Kreisliga B909 teams

11

79 divisions of Kreisliga C1,110 teams

12

20 divisions of Kreisliga D275 teams

Southwestern Germany

Rhineland

Rhineland Football Association

The Rhineland Football Association league system is one of two state association league systems in the state of Rhineland-Palatinate, covering its northern part, and starts at level six of the German league system with the Rheinlandliga on top. The current (2016–17 season) champions are FV Engers 07. The champions are directly promoted to Oberliga Rheinland-Pfalz/Saar.

Below the state association league system nine district associations work as feeders to the Bezirksliga. In the 2016–17 season, the full system comprises 70 divisions having 916 teams.[20] Additionally, six teams play above the state association league system: TuS Koblenz (Regionalliga Südwest), FV Engers 07, FC Karbach, TuS Rot-Weiss Koblenz, FSV Salmrohr and Eintracht Trier (all Oberliga Rheinland-Pfalz/Saar).

Level

Division

1 promotion spot to Oberliga Rheinland-Pfalz/Saar

6

Rheinlandliga19 teams

7

3 divisions of Bezirksliga47 teams

↓ relegation to Eifel, Hunsrück/Mosel, Koblenz, Mosel, Rhein/Ahr, Rhein/Lahr, Trier/Saarburg, Westerwald/Sieg or Westerwald/Wied district FA league systems

8

9 divisions of Kreisliga A130 teams

9

16 divisions of Kreisliga B224 teams

10

20 divisions of Kreisliga C260 teams

11

21 divisions of Kreisliga D236 teams

Southwest

South West German Football Association

The South West German Football Association league system is one of two state association league systems in the state of Rhineland-Palatinate, covering its southern part, and starts at level six of the German league system with the Verbandsliga Südwest on top. The current (2016–17 season) champions are FV Dudenhofen. The champions are directly promoted to Oberliga Rheinland-Pfalz/Saar.

Below the state association league system 10 district associations work as feeders to the Bezirksliga.[21] In the 2016–17 season, the full system comprises 67 divisions having 1,042 teams.[22] Additionally, 14 teams play above the state association league system: 1. FSV Mainz 05 (Bundesliga), 1. FC Kaiserslautern (2. Bundesliga), Wormatia Worms, 1. FSV Mainz 05 II and TSV Schott Mainz (all Regionalliga Südwest), SV Morlautern, SC 07 Idar-Oberstein, 1. FC Kaiserslautern II, FK Pirmasens, TSG Pfeddersheim, SV Gonsenheim, TuS Mechtersheim, Arminia Ludwigshafen and FV Dudenhofen (all Oberliga Rheinland-Pfalz/Saar).

Level

Division

1 promotion spot to Oberliga Rheinland-Pfalz/Saar

6

Verbandsliga Südwest16 teams

7

2 divisions of Landesliga32 teams

8

4 divisions of Bezirksliga66 teams

↓ relegation to Alzey-Worms, Bad Kreuznach, Birkenfeld, Kaiserslautern-Donnersberg, Kusel-Kaiserslautern, Mainz-Bingen, Pirmasens/Zweibrücken, Rhine-Middle Haardt, Rhine-Palatinate and South Palatinate district FA league systems

9

10 divisions of A-Klasse160 teams

10

20 divisions of B-Klasse317 teams

11

27 divisions of C-Klasse403 teams

12

3 divisions of D-Klasse48 teams

Saarland

Saarland Football Association

The Saarland Football Association league system is the association league system in the state of Saarland and starts at level six of the German league system with the Saarlandliga on top. The current (2016–17 season) champions are FV Eppelborn. The champions are directly promoted to Oberliga Rheinland-Pfalz/Saar.

Below the state association league system four district associations work as feeders to the Bezirksliga.[23] In the 2016–17 season, the full system comprises 40 divisions having 587 teams.[24] Additionally, nine teams play above the state association league system: 1. FC Saarbrücken, SV Röchling Völklingen and SV Elversberg (all Regionalliga Südwest), SV Saar 05 Saarbrücken, FC Hertha Wiesbach, FSV Jägersburg, FV Diefflen, FV Eppelborn and FC 08 Homburg (all Oberliga Rheinland-Pfalz/Saar).

Level

Division

1 promotion spot to Oberliga Rheinland-Pfalz/Saar

6

Saarlandliga18 teams

7

2 divisions of Verbandsliga32 teams

8

4 divisions of Landesliga64 teams

9

6 divisions of Bezirksliga97 teams

↓ relegation to East Saar, North Saar, South Saar or West Saar district FA league systems

10

15 divisions of Kreisliga A226 teams

11

12 divisions of Kreisliga B150 teams

Southern Germany

Hesse

Hessian Football Association

The Hessian Football Association league system is the state association league system in the state of Hesse and starts at level five of the German league system with the Hessenliga on top. The current (2016–17 season) champions are SC Hessen Dreieich (not promoted). The champions are directly promoted to Regionalliga Südwest.

Below the state association league system six county associations and following them 32 district associations work as feeders to the Verbandsliga.[25] In the 2016–17 season, the full system comprises 165 divisions having 2,526 teams.[26] Additionally, eight teams play above the state association league system: Eintracht Frankfurt (Bundesliga), SV Darmstadt 98 (2. Bundesliga), SV Wehen-Wiesbaden (3. Liga), FSV Frankfurt, KSV Hessen Kassel, Kickers Offenbach, TSV Steinbach and TSV Eintracht Stadtallendorf (all Regionalliga Südwest).

Level

Division

1 promotion spot to Regionalliga Südwest

5

Hessenliga17 teams

6

3 divisions of Verbandsliga51 teams

↓ relegation to Darmstadt, Frankfurt, Fulda, Giessen/Marburg, Kassel or Wiesbaden county FA league systems

7

8 divisions of Gruppenliga131 teams

↓ relegation to Alsfeld, Bergstraße, Biedenkopf, Büdingen, Darmstadt, Dieburg, Dillenburg, Frankenberg, Frankfurt, Friedberg, Fulda, Gelnhausen, Giessen, Groß-Gerau, Hanau, Hersfeld-Rotenburg, Hochtaunus, Hofgeismar-Wolfhagen, Kassel, Lauterbach-Hünfeld, Limburg-Weilburg, Maintaunus, Marburg, Odenwald, Offenbach, Rheingau-Taunus, Schlüchtern, Schwalm-Eder, Waldeck, Werra/Meißner, Wetzlar or Wiesbaden district FA league systems

8

25 divisions of Kreisoberliga405 teams

9

38 divisions of Kreisliga A604 teams

10

49 divisions of Kreisliga B732 teams

11

32 divisions of Kreisliga C460 teams

12

9 divisions of Kreisliga D126 teams

Baden

Baden Football Association

The Baden Football Association league system is one of three state association league systems in the state of Baden-Württemberg, covering its northwestern part, and starts at level six of the German league system with the Verbandsliga Baden on top. The current (2016–17 season) champions are TSG Weinheim. The champions are directly promoted to Oberliga Baden-Württemberg, whereas the runner-up enters a promotion playoff along with the Verbandsliga Südbaden runner-up and the Verbandsliga Württemberg runner-up for one additional promotion.

Below the state association league system nine district associations league systems work as feeders to the Landesliga. In the 2016–17 season, the full system comprises 57 divisions having 818 teams.[27] Additionally, 13 teams play above the state association league system: TSG 1899 Hoffenheim (Bundesliga), SV Sandhausen (2. Bundesliga), Karlsruher SC (3. Liga), 1899 Hoffenheim II, SV Waldhof Mannheim and FC Astoria Walldorf (all Regionalliga Südwest), Karlsruher SC II, FC Nöttingen, 1. CfR Pforzheim, SV Sandhausen II, SV Spielberg, FC Astoria Walldorf II and TSG Weinheim (all Oberliga Baden-Württemberg).

Level

Division

1 promotion spot + 1 promotion playoff spot to Oberliga Baden-Württemberg

6

Verbandsliga Baden15 teams

7

3 divisions of Landesliga48 teams

↓ relegation to Bruchsal, Buchen, Heidelberg, Karlsruhe, Mannheim, Mosbach, Pforzheim, Sinsheim or Tauberbischofsheim district FA league systems

8

9 divisions of Kreisliga140 teams

9

12 divisions of Kreisklasse A187 teams

10

16 divisions of Kreisklasse B239 teams

11

16 divisions of Kreisklasse C188 teams

South Baden

South Baden Football Association

The South Baden Football Association league system is one of three state association league systems in the state of Baden-Württemberg, covering its southwestern part, and starts at level six of the German league system with the Verbandsliga Südbaden on top. The current (2016–17 season) champions are FC 08 Villingen. The champions are directly promoted to Oberliga Baden-Württemberg, whereas the runner-up enters a promotion playoff along with the Verbandsliga Baden runner-up and the Verbandsliga Württemberg runner-up for one additional promotion.

Below the state association league system six county associations work as feeders to the Landesliga.[28] In the 2016–17 season, the full system comprises 81 divisions having 1,146 teams.[29] Additionally, six teams play above the state association league system: SC Freiburg (Bundesliga), SC Freiburg II (Regionalliga Südwest), Bahlinger SC, TSG Balingen, SV Oberachern and FC 08 Villingen (all Oberliga Baden-Württemberg).

Level

Division

1 promotion spot + 1 promotion playoff spot to Oberliga Baden-Württemberg

6

Verbandsliga Südbaden16 teams

7

3 divisions of Landesliga49 teams

↓ relegation to Baden-Baden, Black Forest, Bodensee, Freiburg, Hochrhein or Offenburg county FA league systems

8

6 divisions of Bezirksliga99 teams

9

13 divisions of Kreisliga A207 teams

10

32 divisions of Kreisliga B445 teams

11

26 divisions of Kreisliga C327 teams

Württemberg

Württembergian Football Association

The Württembergian Football Association league system is one of three state association league systems in the state of Baden-Württemberg, covering its southwestern part, and starts at level six of the German league system with the Verbandsliga Württemberg on top. The current (2016–17 season) champions are SGV Freiberg. The champions are directly promoted to Oberliga Baden-Württemberg, whereas the runner-up enters a promotion playoff along with the Verbandsliga Baden runner-up and the Verbandsliga Südbaden runner-up for one additional promotion.[30]

Below the state association league system 16 county associations work as feeders to the Landesliga. In the 2016–17 season, the full system comprises 146 divisions having 2,053 teams.[31] Additionally, 13 teams play above the state association league system: VfB Stuttgart (Bundesliga), 1. FC Heidenheim (2. Bundesliga), VfR Aalen and SG Sonnenhof Großaspach (3. Liga), VfB Stuttgart II, Stuttgarter Kickers and SSV Ulm 1846 Fußball (Regionalliga Südwest), TSG Backnang 1919, FSV 08 Bissingen, SGV Freiberg, SV Göppingen, Neckarsulmer SU and SSV Reutlingen 05 (all Oberliga Baden-Württemberg).

Level

Division

1 promotion spot + 1 promotion playoff spot to Oberliga Baden-Württemberg

6

Verbandsliga Württemberg16 teams

7

4 divisions of Landesliga64 teams

↓ relegation to Alb, Black Forest, Böblingen/Calw, Bodensee, Danube, Danube/Iller, Enz/Murr, Hohenlohe, Kocher/Rems, Neckar/Fils, Northern Black Forest, Rems/Murr, Riß, Stuttgart, Unterland or Zollern county FA league systems

8

16 divisions of Bezirksliga254 teams

9

40 divisions of Kreisliga A597 teams

10

77 divisions of Kreisliga B1,037 teams

11

8 divisions of Kreisliga C85 teams

Bavaria

Bavarian Football Association

The Bavarian Football Association league system is the state association league system in the state of Bavaria and starts at level four of the German league system with the Regionalliga Bayern on top. The champions enter a promotion playoff along with the Regionalliga Nord champions, the Regionalliga Nordost champions, the Regionalliga Südwest champions and runner-up and the Regionalliga West champions for three promotions to the 3. Liga. The current (2016–17 season) champions are SpVgg Unterhaching.

Below the state association league system seven county associations and following them 24 district associations work as feeders to the Landesliga. In the 2016–17 season, the full system comprises 442 divisions having 6,054 teams.[32] Additionally, eight teams play above the state association league system: FC Bayern Munich and FC Augsburg (all Bundesliga), SpVgg Greuther Fürth, FC Ingolstadt, SSV Jahn Regensburg and 1. FC Nürnberg (all 2. Bundesliga), SpVgg Unterhaching and Würzburger Kickers (3. Liga).

Level

Division

1 promotion playoff spot to 3. Liga

4

Regionalliga Bayern19 teams
↓ 2 to 4 relegation spots

5

2 divisions of Bayernliga37 teams

6

5 divisions of Landesliga87 teams

↓ relegation to Middle Franconia, Lower Bavaria, Upper Bavaria, Upper Franconia, Upper Palatinate, Swabia and Lower Franconia county FA league systems

7

15 divisions of Bezirksliga244 teams

↓ relegation to Allgäu, Amberg/Weiden, Aschaffenburg, Augsburg, Bamberg/Bayreuth, Bavarian Forest, Cham/Schwandorf, Coburg/Kronach, Danube, Danube/Isar, Erlangen/Pegnitzgrund, Hof/Marktredwitz, Inn/Salzach, Landshut, Munich, Neumarkt/Jura, Nuremberg/Frankenhöhe, Passau, Regensburg, Rhön, Schweinfurt, Straubing, Würzburg and Zugspitze district FA league systems

8

43 divisions of Kreisliga633 teams

9

92 divisions of Kreisklasse1,296 teams

10

129 divisions of A-Klasse1,787 teams

11

128 divisions of B-Klasse1,618 teams

12

27 divisions of C-Klasse335 teams

References

  1. ^ Oberliga Nordost promotion and relegation (German)
  2. ^ Oberliga Rheinland-Pfalz/Saar promotion and relegation (German)
  3. ^ Oberliga Baden-Württemberg promotion and relegation (German)
  4. ^ Map of German regional and state football associations
  5. ^ Regionalliga Bayern (German)
  6. ^ Schleswig-Holstein official results and tables Archived June 26, 2014, at the Wayback Machine.
  7. ^ Hamburg FA regulations (German)
  8. ^ Hamburg FA level 5 to 9 official results and tables Archived July 15, 2012, at the Wayback Machine.
  9. ^ Lower Saxony official results and tables Archived June 26, 2014, at the Wayback Machine.
  10. ^ Bremen FA regulations (German)
  11. ^ Bremen FA level 5 to 13 official results and tables Archived June 28, 2014, at the Wayback Machine.
  12. ^ Mecklenburg-Vorpommern official results and tables Archived June 26, 2014, at the Wayback Machine.
  13. ^ Brandenburg State FA level 6 to 11 official results and tables Archived June 26, 2014, at the Wayback Machine.
  14. ^ Berlin FA level 6 to 11 official results and tables Archived July 22, 2012, at the Wayback Machine.
  15. ^ Saxony-Anhalt official results and tables Archived July 22, 2012, at the Wayback Machine.
  16. ^ Thuringian FA official level 6 to 12 results and tables (German) Archived June 26, 2014, at the Wayback Machine.
  17. ^ Sachsen official results and tables Archived June 28, 2014, at the Wayback Machine.
  18. ^ Lower Rhine official results and tables Archived July 8, 2012, at the Wayback Machine.
  19. ^ Middle Rhine official results and tables Archived June 26, 2014, at the Wayback Machine.
  20. ^ Rhineland official results and tables Archived June 26, 2014, at the Wayback Machine.
  21. ^ Southwest FA regulations (German)
  22. ^ Southwest FA official level 6 to 12 results and tables (German) Archived June 26, 2014, at the Wayback Machine.
  23. ^ Saarland FA regulations (German)
  24. ^ Saarland official results and tables Archived June 26, 2014, at the Wayback Machine.
  25. ^ Hesse FA regulations
  26. ^ Hesse FA level 5 to 12 official results and tables Archived June 26, 2014, at the Wayback Machine.
  27. ^ Baden: Full official results and tables Archived June 26, 2014, at the Wayback Machine.
  28. ^ South Baden FA regulations (German)
  29. ^ South Baden results and tables Archived June 26, 2014, at the Wayback Machine.
  30. ^ Württemberg FA 2014-15 regulations (German)
  31. ^ Württemberg level 6 to 11 results and tables Archived June 26, 2014, at the Wayback Machine.
  32. ^ Bayern: full official results and tables Archived June 26, 2014, at the Wayback Machine.

External links

  • Bundesliga and 2. Bundesliga official website
  • 3. Liga official website (German)
  • Regionalliga results and tables (unofficial, German)
  • League321.com - German football league tables, records & statistics database.
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