German federal election, 1920

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German federal election, 1920
Weimar Republic
← 1919 6 June 1920 (1920-06-06) May 1924 →

All 459 seats in the Reichstag
230 seats needed for a majority
Turnout 79.2%
  First party Second party Third party
  Bundesarchiv Bild 146-1979-122-28A, Hermann Müller (cropped).jpg Arthur Crispien on the street.jpg Oskar Hergt.jpg
Leader Hermann Müller Arthur Crispien Oskar Hergt
Party SPD USPD DNVP
Leader since 1919 1919 1920
Last election 165 seats 22 seats 44 seats
Seats won 102 84 71
Seat change Decrease63 Increase62 Increase27
Popular vote 6,104,398 5,046,813 4,249,100
Percentage 21.7% 17.9% 15.1%
Swing Decrease16.2% Increase10.3% Increase4.8%

  Fourth party Fifth party Sixth party
  Bundesarchiv Bild 146-1989-040-27, Gustav Stresemann.jpg
Leader Gustav Stresemann Karl Trimborn  ?
Party DVP Centre DDP
Leader since 1919 1919  ?
Last election 19 seats 91 seats 75 seats
Seats won 65 64 39
Seat change Increase46 Decrease27 Decrease36
Popular vote 3,919,446 3,845,001 2,333,741
Percentage 13.9% 13.6% 8.3%
Swing Increase9.5% Decrease6.1% Decrease10.3%

Reichstagswahl 1920.png
Electoral map (in German)

Chancellor before election

Hermann Müller
SPD

Resulting Chancellor

Constantin Fehrenbach
Centre

Federal elections were held in Germany on 6 June 1920.[1] The Social Democratic Party remained the largest party in the Reichstag, although it lost over a third of its seats.[2] Voter turnout was 79.2%.[3]

Results

Party Votes % Seats +/–
Social Democratic Party (SPD) 6,104,398 21.7 102 −63
Independent Social Democratic Party of Germany (USPD) 5,046,813 17.9 84 +62
German National People's Party (DNVP) 4,249,100 15.1 71 +27
German People's Party (DVP) 3,919,446 13.9 65 +46
Centre Party 3,845,001 13.6 64 −27
German Democratic Party (DDP) 2,333,741 8.3 39 −36
Bavarian People's Party (BVP) 1,173,344 4.2 20 New
Communist Party of Germany (KPD) 589,454 2.1 4 New
German-Hanoverian Party (DHP) 319,108 1.1 5 +4
Bavarian Peasants' League (BB) 218,596 0.8 4 0
Poland Party 89,228 0.3 0 New
German Economic League for City and Country 88,800 0.3 0 New
Christian People's Party 65,260 0.3 1 New
Polish Catholic Party of Upper Silesia 51,437 0.2 0 New
Schleswig-Holstein State Party 25,907 0.1 0 New
German Social Party 22,958 0.1 0 New
German Middle Class Party 21,255 0.1 0 New
Lusatian People's Party 8,050 0.0 0 New
German Socialist Party 7,186 0.0 0 New
Reform Group 6,832 0.0 0 New
Schleswig Club 4,966 0.0 0 New
National Democratic People's Party 4,015 0.0 0 New
Christian Social People's Party 1,219 0.0 0 New
Independent Party 169 0.0 0 New
German Economy and Labour Party 43 0.0 0 New
Upper Silesian Catholic People's Party 6 0.0 0 New
Invalid/blank votes 267,249
Total 28,463,581 100 459 +36
Registered voters/turnout 35,949,774 79.2
Source: Nohlen & Stöver, Gonschior.de
Composition of the Reichstag after the 1920 election.
Popular Vote
SPD
21.65%
USPD
17.90%
DNVP
15.07%
DVP
13.90%
Zentrum
13.64%
DDP
8.28%
BVP
4.16%
KPD
2.09%
Other
3.31%
Reichstag seats
SPD
22.22%
USPD
18.30%
DNVP
15.47%
DVP
14.16%
Zentrum
13.94%
DDP
8.50%
BVP
4.36%
KPD
0.87%
Other
2.18%

References

  1. ^ Nohlen, D & Stöver, P (2010) Elections in Europe: A data handbook, p762 ISBN 978-3-8329-5609-7
  2. ^ Nohlen & Stöver, p790
  3. ^ Nohlen & Stöver, p776
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