German election and referendum, 1936

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German election
and referendum, 1936
Nazi Germany
← November 1933 29 March 1936 1938 →

All 741 seats in the Reichstag
371 seats needed for a majority
Turnout 99.00%
  Majority party
  Bundesarchiv Bild 183-S33882, Adolf Hitler retouched.jpg
Leader Adolf Hitler
Party NSDAP
Leader since 29 July 1921
Last election 661 seats, 92.11%
Seats won 741
(Sole legal party)
Seat change Increase80
Popular vote 44,462,458
Percentage 98.80%
Swing Increase6.69%

Chancellor before election

Adolf Hitler
NSDAP

Subsequent
Chancellor

Adolf Hitler
NSDAP

Parliamentary elections were held in Germany on 29 March 1936.[1] They took the form of a single-question referendum, asking voters whether they approved of the military occupation of the Rhineland and a single party list for the new Reichstag composed exclusively of Nazis and nominally independent "guests" of the party. Like previous elections in Nazi Germany, it was characterized by high turnout, voter intimidation[citation needed] and a massively lopsided result, with an official 99.0% turnout. In a publicity stunt, a handful of voters were packed aboard the airships Graf Zeppelin and Hindenburg, which flew above the Rhineland as those aboard cast their ballots.[2]

This was the first German election held after enactment of the Nuremberg Laws, which had removed citizenship rights (including the right to vote) from Jews and other ethnic minorities. In the previous elections and referenda under Nazi rule, Jews, Poles and other ethnic minorities had been allowed to vote without much interference, and even tacitly encouraged to vote against the Nazis (especially in districts that were known to have large populations of ethnic minorites). Their removal from the electoral process accounted for much of the large drop in invalid and negative votes[citation needed], which fell from over five million in 1934 to barely half a million in 1936. The Nazis also lowered the voting age, in large part so as to ensure that the electorate was about the same size as in 1934.

The new Reichstag convened for formulary procedures on 30 January 1937 to re-elect its Presidium and Hermann Göring as President of the Reichstag.

Results

Choice Votes % Seats
For 44,462,458 98.80 741
Against 540,244 1.20
Invalid
Total 45,002,702 100 741
Registered voters/turnout 45,455,217 99.00
Source: Nohlen & Stöver (2010)

References

  1. ^ Nohlen, D.; Stöver, P. (2010). Elections in Europe: A data handbook. p. 762. ISBN 978-3-8329-5609-7. 
  2. ^ The Associated Press (30 March 1936). "Germans for Hitler 99 Per Cent Strong: All Ballots Against Nazi Held Invalid". Fairbanks Daily News-Miner. p. 1. 

External links

  • Electoral propaganda posters from the Nazi era, including from the 1936 election and referendum
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